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Influence of linkers on the Kuratowski-type secondary building unit in nickel single-site MOFs for ethylene oligomerization catalysis: a computational study

Ortega, Daniela E. and Matute, Ricardo A. (2021) Influence of linkers on the Kuratowski-type secondary building unit in nickel single-site MOFs for ethylene oligomerization catalysis: a computational study. Catalysis Science and Technology, 11 (7). pp. 2422-2432. ISSN 2044-4753. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210527-093457881

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Abstract

The use of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) as heterogeneous catalysts has been considered an efficient alternative for petrochemical and industrial applications. Ni-MFU-4l (dibenzodioxin-type backbone) and Ni-CFA-1 (biphenyl-type backbone) are heterogeneous nickel catalysts based on MOFs, which were designed based on grafting well-known homogeneous scorpionate catalysts or the Kuratowski-type secondary building unit behaving as a platform catalytically active for ethylene oligomerization catalysis. From the experimental results of the Dincă group, Ni-CFA-1 is a more economical alternative than Ni-MFU-4l with similar catalytic performance. However, understanding the origin of organic linker effects on the catalytic activity and selectivity is still limited. Here we report the first comprehensive computational study of ethylene oligomerization catalysis on the Kuratowski-type secondary building units of nickel single-site MOFs to rationalize and predict the influence of potential factors in the coordination environment on the catalytic performance towards ethylene. We found for both catalysts through DFT calculations that the rate-determining step is the first ethylene uptake, Ni-MFU-4l provides a slight rate increase, which is reflected by the higher experimental TOF observed for this catalyst. Although both catalysts can promote the chain propagation via a second ethylene uptake at higher temperatures (50 °C), this reaction is least likely to occur at room temperature. The preferred reaction mechanism involves an earlier β-hydrogen elimination reaction leading to 1-butene as the main product. β-Hydrogen elimination reactions catalyzed by Ni-MFU-4l were found to be slower due to the increased stability of the intermediate species in the catalytic cycles, whereas the use of the sterically demanding Ni-CFA-1 derivative achieved higher activity for this process. Energy decomposition analysis revealed the important role of the linkers in these complexes. When the Ni-CFA-1 derivative catalyzes the reaction, the steric hindrance close to the nickel center, and the greater donor ability of the biphenyl linker, decrease the activity. It must be finely tuned because this kind of linker may favor β-hydrogen elimination reactions leading to undesired termination and isomerization reactions. We expect the mechanistic insights revealed in this study on the Ni-single site Kuratowski-type secondary building unit's selectivity for ethylene oligomerization catalysis could offer unique insights to guide future experimental organic linker design strategies.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1039/d0cy02137gDOIArticle
http://www.rsc.org/suppdata/d0/cy/d0cy02137g/d0cy02137g1.pdfPublisherSupplementary Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Ortega, Daniela E.0000-0002-0724-4206
Matute, Ricardo A.0000-0002-0644-3799
Additional Information:© The Royal Society of Chemistry 2021. Received 3rd November 2020, Accepted 23rd January 2021. D. E. O. acknowledges the financial support from the Postdoctoral FONDECYT Grant No. 3190252. We thank Dr. Lourdes Gracia at the Universitat de Valencia for optimizing the unit cells of Ni-MFU-4l and Ni-CFA-1 MOFs by periodic DFT calculations, Dr. Varinia Bernales for helpful discussions, and Dr. Diego Cortés-Arriagada at the Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana for access to the Q-Chem program. Calculations were performed through the computational resources CONICYT/FONDEQUIP project EQM180180. Project supported by the Fund of Scientific and Technological Equipment, year 2018, code L318-04, Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana. Powered@NLHPC: this research was partially supported by the supercomputing infrastructure of the NLHPC (ECM-02). There are no conflicts to declare.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)3190252
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT)EQM180180
Universidad Tecnológica MetropolitanaL318-04
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210527-093457881
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210527-093457881
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109282
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:27 May 2021 16:54
Last Modified:27 May 2021 16:54

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