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An optical observational cluster mass function at z ∼ 1 with the ORELSE survey

Hung, D. and Lemaux, B. C. and Gal, R. R. and Tomczak, A. R. and Lubin, L.M. and Cucciati, O. and Pelliccia, D. and Shen, L. and Le Fèvre, O. and Zamorani, G. and Wu, P.-F. and Kocevski, D. D. and Fassnacht, C.D. and Squires, G. K. (2021) An optical observational cluster mass function at z ∼ 1 with the ORELSE survey. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 502 (3). pp. 3942-3954. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/stab300.

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We present a new mass function of galaxy clusters and groups using optical/near-infrared (NIR) wavelength spectroscopic and photometric data from the Observations of Redshift Evolution in Large-Scale Environments (ORELSE) survey. At z ∼ 1, cluster mass function studies are rare regardless of wavelength and have never been attempted from an optical/NIR perspective. This work serves as a proof of concept that z ∼ 1 cluster mass functions are achievable without supplemental X-ray or Sunyaev-Zel’dovich data. Measurements of the cluster mass function provide important contraints on cosmological parameters and are complementary to other probes. With ORELSE, a new cluster finding technique based on Voronoi tessellation Monte Carlo (VMC) mapping, and rigorous purity and completeness testing, we have obtained ∼240 galaxy overdensity candidates in the redshift range 0.55 < z < 1.37 at a mass range of 13.6 < log (M/M⊙) < 14.8. This mass range is comparable to existing optical cluster mass function studies for the local universe. Our candidate numbers vary based on the choice of multiple input parameters related to detection and characterization in our cluster finding algorithm, which we incorporated into the mass function analysis through a Monte Carlo scheme. We find cosmological constraints on the matter density, Ω_m, and the amplitude of fluctuations, σ₈, of Ω_m = 0.250−0.099+0.104 and σ₈ = 1.150−0.163+0.260⁠. While our Ω_m value is close to concordance, our σ₈ value is ∼2σ higher because of the inflated observed number densities compared to theoretical mass function models owing to how our survey targeted overdense regions. With Euclid and several other large, unbiased optical surveys on the horizon, VMC mapping will enable optical/NIR cluster cosmology at redshifts much higher than what has been possible before.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Hung, D.0000-0001-7523-140X
Lemaux, B. C.0000-0002-1428-7036
Gal, R. R.0000-0001-8255-6560
Tomczak, A. R.0000-0003-2008-1752
Lubin, L.M.0000-0003-4249-5315
Cucciati, O.0000-0002-9336-7551
Pelliccia, D.0000-0002-3007-0013
Shen, L.0000-0001-9495-7759
Le Fèvre, O.0000-0001-5891-2596
Zamorani, G.0000-0002-2318-301X
Fassnacht, C.D.0000-0002-4030-5461
Squires, G. K.0000-0002-1977-5717
Additional Information:© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model ( Accepted 2021 January 27. Received 2021 January 5; in original form 2020 October 15. Published: 06 February 2021. We would like to thank Steven Murray and Chris Power for their prompt guidance to our questions with using THEHALOMOD. We would also like to thank Alexey Vikhlinin for his useful comments on our mass function analysis and comparisons. We also thank the anonymous referee for their valuable suggestions. Some of the material presented in this paper is supported by the National Science Foundation under grant nos. 1411943 and 1908422. This work was additionally supported by the France-Berkeley Fund, a joint venture between UC Berkeley, UC Davis, and le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique de France promoting lasting institutional and intellectual cooperation between France and the United States. This study is based, in part, on data collected at the Subaru Telescope and obtained from the SMOKA, which is operated by the Astronomy Data Center, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. This work is based, in part, on observations made with the Spitzer Space Telescope, which is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with NASA. UKIRT is supported by NASA and operated under an agreement among the University of Hawaii, the University of Arizona, and Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center; operations are enabled through the cooperation of the East Asian Observatory. When the data reported here were acquired, UKIRT was operated by the Joint Astronomy Centre on behalf of the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the UK. This study is also based, in part, on observations obtained with WIRCam, a joint project of CFHT, Taiwan, Korea, Canada, France, and the CFHT which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawai’i. Some portion of the spectrographic data presented herein was based on observations obtained with the European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope, Paranal, Chile, under Large Programs 070.A-9007 and 177.A-0837. The remainder of the spectrographic data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation. We thank the indigenous Hawaiian community for allowing us to be guests on their sacred mountain, a privilege, without which, this work would not have been possible. We are most fortunate to be able to conduct observations from this site. Data Availability: The data underlying this article will be shared on reasonable request to the corresponding author.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
France-Berkeley FundUNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:techniques: photometric – techniques: spectroscopic – galaxies: clusters: general – galaxies: groups: general – cosmological parameters – large-scale structure of Universe
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210601-151607075
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:D Hung, B C Lemaux, R R Gal, A R Tomczak, L M Lubin, O Cucciati, D Pelliccia, L Shen, O Le Fèvre, G Zamorani, P-F Wu, D D Kocevski, C D Fassnacht, G K Squires, An optical observational cluster mass function at z ∼ 1 with the ORELSE survey, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 502, Issue 3, April 2021, Pages 3942–3954,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109331
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:01 Jun 2021 22:49
Last Modified:01 Jun 2021 22:49

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