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Systematic KMTNet Planetary Anomaly Search, Paper I: OGLE-2019-BLG-1053Lb, A Buried Terrestrial Planet

Zang, Weicheng and Hwang, Kyu-Ha and Udalski, Andrzej and Wang, Tianshu and Zhu, Wei and Sumi, Takahiro and Gould, Andrew and Mao, Shude and Zhang, Xiangyu and Albrow, Michael D. and Chung, Sun-Ju and Han, Cheongho and Jung, Youn Kil and Ryu, Yoon-Hyun and Shin, In-Gu and Shvartzvald, Yossi and Yee, Jennifer C. and Cha, Sang-Mok and Kim, Dong-Jin and Kim, Hyoun-Woo and Kim, Seung-Lee and Lee, Chung-Uk and Lee, Dong-Joo and Lee, Yongseok and Park, Byeong-Gon and Pogge, Richard W. and Mróz, Przemek and Skowron, Jan and Szymański, Michał-K. and Soszyński, Igor and Pietrukowicz, Paweł and Kozłowski, Szymon and Ulaczyk, Krzysztof and Rybicki, Krzysztof A. and Iwanek, Patryk and Wrona, Marcin and Gromadzki, Mariusz and Bond, Ian A. and Abe, Fumio and Barry, Richard and Bennett, David P. and Bhattacharya, Aparna and Donachie, Martin and Fujii, Hirosane and Fukui, Akihiko and Hirao, Yuki and Itow, Yoshitaka and Kirikawa, Rintaro and Kondo, Iona and Koshimoto, Naoki and Li, Man Cheung Alex and Matsubara, Yutaka and Muraki, Yasushi and Miyazaki, Shota and Olmschenk, Greg and Ranc, Clément and Rattenbury, Nicholas J. and Satoh, Yuki and Shoji, Hikaru and Ishitani Silva, Stela and Suzuki, Daisuke and Tanaka, Yuzuru and Tristram, Paul J. and Yamawaki, Tsubasa and Yonehara, Atsunori (2021) Systematic KMTNet Planetary Anomaly Search, Paper I: OGLE-2019-BLG-1053Lb, A Buried Terrestrial Planet. . (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210603-122458964

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Abstract

In order to exhume the buried signatures of "missing planetary caustics" in the KMTNet data, we conducted a systematic anomaly search to the residuals from point-source point-lens fits, based on a modified version of the KMTNet EventFinder algorithm. This search reveals the lowest mass-ratio planetary caustic to date in the microlensing event OGLE-2019-BLG-1053, for which the planetary signal had not been noticed before. The planetary system has a planet-host mass ratio of q = (1.25 ± 0.13) × 10⁻⁵. A Bayesian analysis yields estimates of the mass of the host star, M_(host) = 0.61^(+0.29)_(−0.24) M_⊙, the mass of its planet, M_(planet) = 2.48^(+1.19)_(−0.98) M_⊕, the projected planet-host separation, a_⊥=3.4^(+0.5)_(−0.5) au, and the lens distance of D_L = 6.8^(+0.6)_(−0.9) kpc. The discovery of this very low mass-ratio planet illustrates the utility of our method and opens a new window for a large and homogeneous sample to study the microlensing planet-host mass-ratio function down to q ∼ 10⁻⁵.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://arxiv.org/abs/2103.11880arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Zang, Weicheng0000-0001-6000-3463
Hwang, Kyu-Ha0000-0002-9241-4117
Udalski, Andrzej0000-0001-5207-5619
Zhu, Wei0000-0003-4027-4711
Mao, Shude0000-0001-8317-2788
Albrow, Michael D.0000-0003-3316-4012
Chung, Sun-Ju0000-0001-6285-4528
Han, Cheongho0000-0002-2641-9964
Jung, Youn Kil0000-0002-0314-6000
Ryu, Yoon-Hyun0000-0001-9823-2907
Shin, In-Gu0000-0002-4355-9838
Shvartzvald, Yossi0000-0003-1525-5041
Yee, Jennifer C.0000-0001-9481-7123
Cha, Sang-Mok0000-0002-7511-2950
Kim, Dong-Jin0000-0002-7038-2118
Kim, Hyoun-Woo0000-0001-8263-1006
Kim, Seung-Lee0000-0003-0562-5643
Lee, Chung-Uk0000-0003-0043-3925
Lee, Yongseok0000-0001-7594-8072
Park, Byeong-Gon0000-0002-6982-7722
Pogge, Richard W.0000-0003-1435-3053
Mróz, Przemek0000-0001-7016-1692
Skowron, Jan0000-0002-2335-1730
Soszyński, Igor0000-0002-7777-0842
Pietrukowicz, Paweł0000-0002-2339-5899
Kozłowski, Szymon0000-0003-4084-880X
Ulaczyk, Krzysztof0000-0001-6364-408X
Rybicki, Krzysztof A.0000-0002-9326-9329
Iwanek, Patryk0000-0002-6212-7221
Wrona, Marcin0000-0002-3051-274X
Gromadzki, Mariusz0000-0002-1650-1518
Barry, Richard0000-0003-4916-0892
Bennett, David P.0000-0001-8043-8413
Fukui, Akihiko0000-0002-4909-5763
Itow, Yoshitaka0000-0002-8198-1968
Kondo, Iona0000-0002-3401-1029
Koshimoto, Naoki0000-0003-2302-9562
Muraki, Yasushi0000-0003-1978-2092
Miyazaki, Shota0000-0001-9818-1513
Ranc, Clément0000-0003-2388-4534
Rattenbury, Nicholas J.0000-0001-5069-319X
Ishitani Silva, Stela0000-0003-2267-1246
Suzuki, Daisuke0000-0002-5843-9433
Yonehara, Atsunori0000-0003-3480-0973
Additional Information:W.Z., S.M. and X.Z. acknowledge support by the National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11821303 and 11761131004). This research has made use of the KMTNet system operated by the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) and the data were obtained at three host sites of CTIO in Chile, SAAO in South Africa, and SSO in Australia. The OGLE has received funding from the National Science Centre, Poland, grant MAESTRO 2014/14/A/ST9/00121 to AU. The MOA project is supported by JSPS KAK-ENHI Grant Number JSPS24253004, JSPS26247023, JSPS23340064, JSPS15H00781, JP16H06287, JP17H02871 and JP19KK0082. Work by C.H. was supported by the grants of National Research Foundation of Korea (2019R1A2C2085965 and 2020R1A4A2002885). Work by JCY was supported by JPL grant 1571564. This research has made use of the NASA Exoplanet Archive, which is operated by the California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Exoplanet Exploration Program.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China11821303
National Natural Science Foundation of China11761131004
National Science Centre (Poland)2014/14/A/ST9/00121
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)24253004
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)26247023
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)23340064
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)15H00781
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)16H06287
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)17H02871
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)19KK0082
National Research Foundation of Korea2019R1A2C2085965
National Research Foundation of Korea2020R1A4A2002885
JPL1571564
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210603-122458964
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210603-122458964
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109360
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:03 Jun 2021 20:10
Last Modified:03 Jun 2021 20:10

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