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Thermal ignition by vertical cylinders

Jones, Silken and Shepherd, Joseph (2021) Thermal ignition by vertical cylinders. Combustion and Flame, 232 . Art. No. 111499. ISSN 0010-2180. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2021.111499.

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In this work, thermal ignition of laminar external natural convection flows by vertical cylinders is investigated. Effects of cylinder size are studied, with cylinder height ranging from 12.7 to 25.4 cm, and cylinder surface areas varying from 25 to 200 cm2. The minimum ignition threshold for a stoichiometric hexane-air mixture is 1019 K for a cylinder 25.4 cm long and 200 cm2 in surface area. The ignition threshold is found to have a weak dependence on surface area, in contrast to historical data. The ignition results are consistent with ignition temperature decreasing inversely with the logarithm of surface height. Experiments are performed with multi-component, heavy-hydrocarbon fuels including POSF-4658 Jet A and two surrogate fuels, Aachen and JI, as well as hexane. The setup is heated for multi-component fuel testing. POSF-4658 Jet A has an ignition temperature of 971 K at an ambient temperature of 333 K. All fuels investigated were found to have ignition thresholds within 38 K of the POSF-4658 Jet A ignition threshold. JI is found to be the most appropriate surrogate for POSF-4658 Jet A.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Jones, Silken0000-0003-3496-7191
Shepherd, Joseph0000-0003-3181-9310
Additional Information:© 2021 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier. Received 22 January 2021, Revised 5 May 2021, Accepted 5 May 2021, Available online 6 June 2021. This work was supported by The Boeing Company through a Strategic Research and Development Relationship Agreement CT-BA-GTA-1. The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Boeing Company Strategic Research and Development RelationshipCT-BA-GTA-1
Subject Keywords:Thermal ignition; Natural convection; Safety
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210607-115055109
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Official Citation:Silken Jones, Joseph Shepherd, Thermal ignition by vertical cylinders, Combustion and Flame, Volume 232, 2021, 111499, ISSN 0010-2180,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109420
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:08 Jun 2021 14:12
Last Modified:16 Nov 2021 19:36

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