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The TESS Objects of Interest Catalog from the TESS Prime Mission

Guerrero, Natalia M. and Seager, S. and Huang, Chelsea X. and Vanderburg, Andrew and Soto, Aylin Garcia and Mireles, Ismael and Hesse, Katharine and Fong, William and Glidden, Ana and Shporer, Avi and Latham, David W. and Collins, Karen A. and Quinn, Samuel N. and Burt, Jennifer and Dragomir, Diana and Crossfield, Ian and Vanderspek, Roland and Fausnaugh, Michael and Burke, Christopher J. and Ricker, George and Daylan, Tansu and Essack, Zahra and Günther, Maximilian N. and Osborn, Hugh P. and Pepper, Joshua and Rowden, Pamela and Sha, Lizhou and Villanueva Jr., Steven and Yahalomi, Daniel A. and Yu, Liang and Ballard, Sarah and Batalha, Natalie M. and Berardo, David and Chontos, Ashley and Dittmann, Jason A. and Esquerdo, Gilbert A. and Mikal-Evans, Thomas and Jayaraman, Rahul and Krishnamurthy, Akshata and Louie, Dana R. and Mehrle, Nicholas and Niraula, Prajwal and Rackham, Benjamin V. and Rodriguez, Joseph E. and Rowden, Stephen J. L. and Sousa-Silva, Clara and Watanabe, David and Wong, Ian and Zhan, Zhuchang and Zivanovic, Goran and Christiansen, Jessie L. and Ciardi, David R. and Swain, Melanie A. and Lund, Michael B. and Mullally, Susan E. and Fleming, Scott W. and Rodriguez, David R. and Boyd, Patricia T. and Quintana, Elisa V. and Barclay, Thomas and Colón, Knicole D. and Rinehart, S. A. and Schlieder, Joshua E. and Clampin, Mark and Jenkins, Jon M. and Twicken, Joseph D. and Caldwell, Douglas A. and Coughlin, Jeffrey L. and Henze, Chris and Lissauer, Jack J. and Morris, Robert L. and Rose, Mark E. and Smith, Jeffrey C. and Tenenbaum, Peter and Ting, Eric B. and Wohler, Bill and Bakos, G. Á. and Bean, Jacob L. and Berta-Thompson, Zachory K. and Bieryla, Allyson and Bouma, Luke G. and Buchhave, Lars A. and Butler, Nathaniel and Charbonneau, David and Doty, John P. and Ge, Jian and Holman, Matthew J. and Howard, Andrew W. and Kaltenegger, Lisa and Kane, Stephen R. and Kjeldsen, Hans and Kreidberg, Laura and Lin, Douglas N. C. and Minsky, Charlotte and Narita, Norio and Paegert, Martin and Pál, András and Palle, Enric and Sasselov, Dimitar D. and Spencer, Alton and Sozzetti, Alessandro and Stassun, Keivan G. and Torres, Guillermo and Udry, Stephane and Winn, Joshua N. (2021) The TESS Objects of Interest Catalog from the TESS Prime Mission. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 254 (2). Art. No. 39. ISSN 0067-0049. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/abefe1.

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We present 2241 exoplanet candidates identified with data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) during its 2 yr Prime Mission. We list these candidates in the TESS Objects of Interest (TOI) Catalog, which includes both new planet candidates found by TESS and previously known planets recovered by TESS observations. We describe the process used to identify TOIs, investigate the characteristics of the new planet candidates, and discuss some notable TESS planet discoveries. The TOI catalog includes an unprecedented number of small planet candidates around nearby bright stars, which are well suited for detailed follow-up observations. The TESS data products for the Prime Mission (sectors 1–26), including the TOI catalog, light curves, full-frame images, and target pixel files, are publicly available at the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Guerrero, Natalia M.0000-0002-5169-9427
Seager, S.0000-0002-6892-6948
Huang, Chelsea X.0000-0003-0918-7484
Vanderburg, Andrew0000-0001-7246-5438
Soto, Aylin Garcia0000-0001-9828-3229
Mireles, Ismael0000-0002-4510-2268
Hesse, Katharine0000-0002-2135-9018
Fong, William0000-0003-0241-2757
Glidden, Ana0000-0002-5322-2315
Shporer, Avi0000-0002-1836-3120
Latham, David W.0000-0001-9911-7388
Collins, Karen A.0000-0001-6588-9574
Quinn, Samuel N.0000-0002-8964-8377
Burt, Jennifer0000-0002-0040-6815
Dragomir, Diana0000-0003-2313-467X
Crossfield, Ian0000-0002-1835-1891
Vanderspek, Roland0000-0001-6763-6562
Fausnaugh, Michael0000-0002-9113-7162
Burke, Christopher J.0000-0002-7754-9486
Ricker, George0000-0003-2058-6662
Daylan, Tansu0000-0002-6939-9211
Essack, Zahra0000-0002-2482-0180
Günther, Maximilian N.0000-0002-3164-9086
Osborn, Hugh P.0000-0002-4047-4724
Pepper, Joshua0000-0002-3827-8417
Rowden, Pamela0000-0002-4829-7101
Sha, Lizhou0000-0001-5401-8079
Villanueva Jr., Steven0000-0001-6213-8804
Yahalomi, Daniel A.0000-0003-4755-584X
Yu, Liang0000-0003-1667-5427
Ballard, Sarah0000-0002-3247-5081
Batalha, Natalie M.0000-0002-7030-9519
Berardo, David0000-0001-6298-412X
Chontos, Ashley0000-0003-1125-2564
Dittmann, Jason A.0000-0001-7730-2240
Esquerdo, Gilbert A.0000-0002-9789-5474
Mikal-Evans, Thomas0000-0001-5442-1300
Jayaraman, Rahul0000-0002-7778-3117
Krishnamurthy, Akshata0000-0002-8781-2743
Louie, Dana R.0000-0002-2457-272X
Mehrle, Nicholas0000-0001-5774-0075
Niraula, Prajwal0000-0002-8052-3893
Rackham, Benjamin V.0000-0002-3627-1676
Rodriguez, Joseph E.0000-0001-8812-0565
Rowden, Stephen J. L.0000-0003-3151-0495
Sousa-Silva, Clara0000-0002-7853-6871
Watanabe, David0000-0002-3555-8464
Wong, Ian0000-0001-9665-8429
Zhan, Zhuchang0000-0002-4142-1800
Zivanovic, Goran0000-0002-2086-2842
Christiansen, Jessie L.0000-0002-8035-4778
Ciardi, David R.0000-0002-5741-3047
Swain, Melanie A.0000-0003-4557-1192
Lund, Michael B.0000-0003-2527-1598
Mullally, Susan E.0000-0001-7106-4683
Fleming, Scott W.0000-0003-0556-027X
Rodriguez, David R.0000-0003-1286-5231
Boyd, Patricia T.0000-0003-0442-4284
Quintana, Elisa V.0000-0003-1309-2904
Barclay, Thomas0000-0001-7139-2724
Colón, Knicole D.0000-0001-8020-7121
Rinehart, S. A.0000-0003-2519-3251
Schlieder, Joshua E.0000-0001-5347-7062
Clampin, Mark0000-0003-4003-8348
Jenkins, Jon M.0000-0002-4715-9460
Twicken, Joseph D.0000-0002-6778-7552
Caldwell, Douglas A.0000-0003-1963-9616
Coughlin, Jeffrey L.0000-0003-1634-9672
Lissauer, Jack J.0000-0001-6513-1659
Morris, Robert L.0000-0001-9303-3204
Rose, Mark E.0000-0003-4724-745X
Smith, Jeffrey C.0000-0002-6148-7903
Tenenbaum, Peter0000-0002-1949-4720
Ting, Eric B.0000-0002-8219-9505
Wohler, Bill0000-0002-5402-9613
Bakos, G. Á.0000-0001-7204-6727
Bean, Jacob L.0000-0003-4733-6532
Berta-Thompson, Zachory K.0000-0002-3321-4924
Bieryla, Allyson0000-0001-6637-5401
Bouma, Luke G.0000-0002-0514-5538
Buchhave, Lars A.0000-0003-1605-5666
Butler, Nathaniel0000-0002-9110-6673
Charbonneau, David0000-0002-9003-484X
Doty, John P.0000-0003-2996-8421
Holman, Matthew J.0000-0002-1139-4880
Howard, Andrew W.0000-0001-8638-0320
Kaltenegger, Lisa0000-0002-0436-1802
Kane, Stephen R.0000-0002-7084-0529
Kjeldsen, Hans0000-0002-9037-0018
Kreidberg, Laura0000-0003-0514-1147
Lin, Douglas N. C.0000-0001-5466-4628
Minsky, Charlotte0000-0003-1070-3271
Narita, Norio0000-0001-8511-2981
Paegert, Martin0000-0001-8120-7457
Pál, András0000-0001-5449-2467
Palle, Enric0000-0003-0987-1593
Sasselov, Dimitar D.0000-0001-7014-1771
Spencer, Alton0000-0001-9263-6775
Sozzetti, Alessandro0000-0002-7504-365X
Stassun, Keivan G.0000-0002-3481-9052
Torres, Guillermo0000-0002-5286-0251
Udry, Stephane0000-0001-7576-6236
Winn, Joshua N.0000-0002-4265-047X
Additional Information:© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2019 December 20; revised 2021 February 17; accepted 2021 February 17; published 2021 June 9. We thank the referee for the thoughtful comments that greatly improved the clarity of the paper. Funding for the TESS mission is provided by NASA's Science Mission directorate. We thank William Fong and Martin Owens for their contributions to the TSO software. This research has made use of the TESS Exoplanet Follow-up Observation Program website (ExoFOP-TESS), which is operated by the California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Exoplanet Exploration Program. This research has made use of the NASA Exoplanet Archive, which is operated by the California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under the Exoplanet Exploration Program. This paper includes data collected with the TESS mission, obtained from the MAST data archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). The analysis for this paper was done in part on the TESS Science Platform, a JupyterHub environment on Amazon Web Services that was deployed by the STScI. The STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 526555. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (, processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC; Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System. Resources supporting this work were provided by the NASA High-End Computing (HEC) Program through the NASA Advanced Supercomputing (NAS) Division at Ames Research Center for the production of the SPOC data products. A portion of this research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (80NM0018D0004) A.V.'s work was performed under contract with the California Institute of Technology/Jet Propulsion Laboratory funded by NASA through the Sagan Fellowship Program executed by the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute. D.D.'s work was supported in part by TESS Guest Investigator Program grant 80NSSC19K1727 and NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant HST-HF2-51372.001-A awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., for NASA, under contract NAS5-26555. H.K. acknowledges funding for the Stellar Astrophysics Centre provided by the Danish National Research Foundation (grant agreement No. DNRF106) I.J.M.C. acknowledges support from the NSF through grant AST-1824644 and NASA through Caltech/JPL grant RSA-1610091. This work is partly supported by JSPS KAKENHI grant Nos. JP18H01265 and JP18H05439 and JST PRESTO grant No. JPMJPR1775. K.S. acknowledges support from NASA 17-XRP17 2-0024. C.X.H. and M.N.G. acknowledge support from MIT's Kavli Institute as Juan Carlos Torres fellows. T.D. acknowledges support from MIT's Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research as a Kavli postdoctoral fellow. We acknowledge indigenous peoples as the traditional stewards of the land and the enduring relationship that exists between them and their traditional territories. The land on which this research was conducted is the traditional unceded territory of the Wampanoag Nation. We acknowledge the painful history of genocide and forced occupation of their territory, and we honor and respect the many diverse indigenous people connected to this land on which we gather from time immemorial. Facilities: TESS - , MAST - , NASA Exoplanet Archive - , Gaia. - Software: QLP (Huang et al. 2020a, 2020b), SPOC (Jenkins 2020; Twicken et al. 2016), tica (M. Fausnaugh et al. 2021, in preparation), FITSH (Pál 2012), AstroNet (Yu et al. 2019), TEC, TEV, batman (Kreidberg 2015), nebuliser (Irwin 1985), emcee (Foreman-Mackey et al. 2013), vartools (Hartman & Bakos 2016), go (Meyerson 2014), TensorFlow (Abadi et al. 2015), h5py (Collette 2013), Astropy (Astropy Collaboration et al. 2013; Price-Whelan et al. 2018), astroquery (Ginsburg et al. 2019), matplotlib (Hunter 2007), pandas (Pandas Development Team 2020), Scipy (Virtanen et al. 2020), Numpy (Oliphant 2006).
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-26555
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51372.001-A
Danish National Research FoundationDNRF106
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP18H01265
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP18H05439
Japan Science and Technology AgencyJPMJPR1775
NASA17-XRP17 2-0024
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Exoplanet catalogs; Exoplanets; Exoplanet astronomy
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code: Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Exoplanet catalogs (488); Exoplanets (498); Exoplanet astronomy (486)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210610-101449926
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Natalia M. Guerrero et al 2021 ApJS 254 39
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109466
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Jun 2021 17:31
Last Modified:10 Jun 2021 17:31

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