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Environmental noise in advanced LIGO detectors

Nguyen, P. and Schofield, R. M. S. and Effler, A. and Austin, C. and Adya, V. and Ball, M. and Banagiri, S. and Banowetz, K. and Billman, C. and Blair, C. D. and Buikema, A. and Cahillane, C. and Clara, F. and Covas, P. B. and Dalya, G. and Daniel, C. and Dawes, B. and DeRosa, R. and Dwyer, S. E. and Frey, R. and Frolov, V. V. and Ghirado, D. and Goetz, E. and Hardwick, T. and Helmling-Cornell, A. F. and Hollows, I. J. and Kijbunchoo, N. and Kruk, J. and Laxen, M. and Maaske, E. and Mansell, G. L. and McCarthy, R and Merfeld, K. and Neunzert, A. and Palamos, J. R. and Parker, W. and Pearlstone, B. and Pele, A. and Radkins, H. and Roma, V. and Savage, R. L. and Schale, P. and Shoemaker, D. and Shoemaker, T. and Soni, S. and Talukder, D. and Tse, M. and Valdes, G. and Vidreo, M. and Vorvick, C. and Abbott, R. and Adams, C. and Adhikari, R. X. and Ananyeva, A. and Appert, S. and Arai, K. and Areeda, J. S. and Asali, Y. and Aston, S. M. and Baer, A. M. and Ballmer, S. W. and Barker, D. and Barsotti, L. and Bartlett, J. and Berger, B. K. and Betzwieser, J. and Bhattacharjee, D. and Billingsley, G. and Biscans, S. and Blair, R. M. and Bode, N. and Booker, P. and Bork, R. and Bramley, A. and Brooks, A. F. and Brown, D. D. and Cannon, K. C. and Chen, X. and Ciobanu, A. A. and Cooper, S. J. and Compton, C. M. and Corley, K. R. and Countryman, S. T. and Coyne, D. C. and Datrier, L. E. H. and Davis, D. and Di Fronzo, C. and Dooley, K. L. and Driggers, J. C. and Dupej, P. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Feicht, J. and Fernandez-Galiana, A. and Fritschel, P. and Fulda, P. and Fyffe, M. and Giaime, J. A. and Giardina, K. D. and Godwin, P. and Gras, S. and Gray, C. and Gray, R. and Green, A. C. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Hanks, J. and Hanson, J. and Hasskew, R. K. and Heintze, M. C. and Holland, N. A. and Jones, J. D. and Kandhasamy, S. and Karki, S. and Kasprzack, M. and Kawabe, K. and King, P. J. and Kissel, J. S. and Kumar, Rahul and Landry, M. and Lane, B. B. and Lantz, B. and Lecoeuche, Y. K. and Leviton, J. and Liu, J. and Lormand, M. and Lundgren, A. P. and Macas, R. and MacInnis, M. and Macleod, D. M. and Márka, S. and Márka, Z. and Martynov, D. V. and Mason, K. and Massinger, T. J. and Matichard, F. and Mavalvala, N. and McClelland, D. E. and McCormick, S. and McCuller, L. and McIver, J. and McRae, T. and Mendell, G. and Merilh, E. L. and Meylahn, F. and Meyers, P. M. and Mistry, T. and Mittleman, R. and Moreno, G. and Mow-Lowry, C. M. and Mozzon, S. and Mullavey, A. and Nelson, T. J. N. and Nuttall, L. K. and Oberling, J. and Oram, Richard J. and Osthelder, C. and Ottaway, D. J. and Overmier, H. and Payne, E. and Penhorwood, R. and Perez, C. J. and Pirello, M. and Ramirez, K. E. and Richardson, J. W. and Riles, K. and Robertson, N. A. and Rollins, J. G. and Romel, C. L. and Romie, J. H. and Ross, M. P. and Ryan, K. and Sadecki, T. and Sanchez, E. J. and Sanchez, L. E. and Saravanan, T. R. and Schaetzl, D. and Schnabel, R. and Schwartz, E. and Sellers, D. and Shaffer, T. and Sigg, D. and Slagmolen, B. J. J. and Smith, J. R. and Sorazu, B. and Spencer, A. P. and Strain, K. A. and Sun, L. and Szczepańczyk, M. J. and Thomas, M. and Thomas, P. and Thorne, K. A. and Toland, K. and Torrie, C. I. and Traylor, G. and Urban, A. L. and Vajente, G. and Vander-Hyde, D. C. and Veitch, P. J. and Venkateswara, K. and Venugopalan, G. and Viets, A. D. and Vo, T. and Wade, M. and Ward, R. L. and Warner, J. and Weaver, B. and Weiss, R. and Whittle, C. and Willke, B. and Wipf, C. C. and Xiao, L. and Yamamoto, H. and Yu, Hang and Yu, Haocun and Zhang, L. and Zucker, M. E. and Zweizig, J. (2021) Environmental noise in advanced LIGO detectors. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 38 (14). Art. No. 145001. ISSN 0264-9381. doi:10.1088/1361-6382/ac011a. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210625-225656505

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Abstract

The sensitivity of the advanced LIGO detectors to gravitational waves can be affected by environmental disturbances external to the detectors themselves. Since the transition from the former initial LIGO phase, many improvements have been made to the equipment and techniques used to investigate these environmental effects. These methods have aided in tracking down and mitigating noise sources throughout the first three observing runs of the advanced detector era, keeping the ambient contribution of environmental noise below the background noise levels of the detectors. In this paper we describe the methods used and how they have led to the mitigation of noise sources, the role that environmental monitoring has played in the validation of gravitational wave events, and plans for future observing runs.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6382/ac011aDOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.09935arXivDiscussion Paper
http://pem.ligo.orgRelated ItemData
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Nguyen, P.0000-0001-9223-5541
Austin, C.0000-0001-5488-9480
Blair, C. D.0000-0003-4566-6888
Buikema, A.0000-0001-9409-5757
Cahillane, C.0000-0002-3888-314X
Dalya, G.0000-0003-3258-5763
Goetz, E.0000-0003-2666-721X
Helmling-Cornell, A. F.0000-0002-7709-8638
Kijbunchoo, N.0000-0002-2874-1228
Kruk, J.0000-0002-5861-7236
Laxen, M.0000-0001-7515-9639
Parker, W.0000-0002-7711-4423
Pele, A.0000-0002-1873-3769
Savage, R. L.0000-0003-3317-1036
Shoemaker, D.0000-0002-4147-2560
Soni, S.0000-0003-3856-8534
Tse, M.0000-0003-1510-4921
Vorvick, C.0000-0003-1591-3358
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Arai, K.0000-0001-8916-8915
Areeda, J. S.0000-0003-0266-7936
Ballmer, S. W.0000-0003-2306-523X
Barsotti, L.0000-0001-9819-2562
Berger, B. K.0000-0002-4845-8737
Betzwieser, J.0000-0003-1533-9229
Bhattacharjee, D.0000-0001-6623-9506
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Biscans, S.0000-0002-9635-7527
Bode, N.0000-0002-7101-9396
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Cannon, K. C.0000-0003-4068-6572
Ciobanu, A. A.0000-0002-4793-093X
Cooper, S. J.0000-0001-8114-3596
Compton, C. M.0000-0002-8217-5749
Countryman, S. T.0000-0003-0613-2760
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Datrier, L. E. H.0000-0002-0290-3129
Davis, D.0000-0001-5620-6751
Dooley, K. L.0000-0002-1636-0233
Driggers, J. C.0000-0002-6134-7628
Evans, M.0000-0001-8459-4499
Evans, T. M.0000-0003-4387-4843
Feicht, J.0000-0001-5223-7091
Fernandez-Galiana, A.0000-0002-8940-9261
Fritschel, P.0000-0003-1983-3187
Fulda, P.0000-0003-2564-2045
Giaime, J. A.0000-0002-3531-817X
Green, A. C.0000-0002-6287-8746
Kandhasamy, S.0000-0002-4825-6764
Kasprzack, M.0000-0003-4618-5939
Kawabe, K.0000-0001-5205-9109
Kissel, J. S.0000-0002-1702-9577
Lane, B. B.0000-0002-7379-3764
Lantz, B.0000-0002-7404-4845
Liu, J.0000-0001-6726-3268
MacInnis, M.0000-0001-8733-9207
Macleod, D. M.0000-0002-1395-8694
Márka, S.0000-0002-3957-1324
Martynov, D. V.0000-0003-0679-1344
Massinger, T. J.0000-0002-3429-5025
Matichard, F.0000-0001-8982-8418
McClelland, D. E.0000-0001-6210-5842
McCuller, L.0000-0003-0851-0593
McIver, J.0000-0003-0316-1355
Meylahn, F.0000-0002-9556-142X
Mow-Lowry, C. M.0000-0002-0351-4555
Mozzon, S.0000-0002-8855-2509
Mullavey, A.0000-0002-8123-7338
Nuttall, L. K.0000-0002-8599-8791
Ottaway, D. J.0000-0001-6794-1591
Pirello, M.0000-0002-2857-4642
Ramirez, K. E.0000-0003-2194-7669
Richardson, J. W.0000-0002-1472-4806
Riles, K.0000-0002-6418-5812
Rollins, J. G.0000-0002-9388-2799
Ross, M. P.0000-0002-8955-5269
Schnabel, R.0000-0003-2896-4218
Schwartz, E.0000-0001-8922-7794
Sigg, D.0000-0003-4606-6526
Slagmolen, B. J. J.0000-0002-2471-3828
Smith, J. R.0000-0003-0638-9670
Sorazu, B.0000-0002-6178-3198
Strain, K. A.0000-0002-2066-5355
Sun, L.0000-0001-7959-892X
Szczepańczyk, M. J.0000-0002-6167-6149
Thorne, K. A.0000-0001-7948-9619
Vajente, G.0000-0002-7656-6882
Veitch, P. J.0000-0002-2597-435X
Venugopalan, G.0000-0003-4414-9918
Viets, A. D.0000-0002-4241-1428
Wade, M.0000-0002-5703-4469
Weaver, B.0000-0002-2242-0327
Whittle, C.0000-0002-8833-7438
Willke, B.0000-0003-0524-2925
Xiao, L.0000-0003-2703-449X
Yamamoto, H.0000-0001-6919-9570
Yu, Hang0000-0002-6011-6190
Yu, Haocun0000-0002-7597-098X
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zucker, M. E.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Additional Information:© 2021 IOP Publishing Ltd. Received 5 February 2021; Revised 3 May 2021; Accepted 13 May 2021; Published 15 June 2021. LIGO was constructed by the California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with funding from the National Science Foundation and operates under Cooperative Agreement No. PHY-1764464. Advanced LIGO was built under Grant No. PHY-0823459. The authors acknowledge support from NSF Grants PHY-1607336, PHY-1912604, PHY-1806656, and PHY-1806656. For this paper, we use the data from the Advanced LIGO detectors and we used the LIGO computing clusters to perform the analysis and calculations. Data availability statement: The data that support the findings of this study are openly available at the following URL/DOI: http://pem.ligo.org/.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFPHY-1764464
NSFPHY-0823459
NSFPHY-1607336
NSFPHY-1912604
NSFPHY-1806656
NSFPHY-1806656
Issue or Number:14
DOI:10.1088/1361-6382/ac011a
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210625-225656505
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210625-225656505
Official Citation:P Nguyen et al 2021 Class. Quantum Grav. 38 145001
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109588
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:26 Jun 2021 16:25
Last Modified:26 Jun 2021 16:25

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