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On the duration of the embedded phase of star formation

Kim, Jaeyeon and Chevance, Mélanie and Kruijssen, J. M. Diederik and Schruba, Andreas and Sandstrom, Karin and Barnes, Ashley T. and Bigiel, Frank and Blanc, Guillermo A. and Cao, Yixian and Dale, Daniel A. and Faesi, Christopher M. and Glover, Simon C. O. and Grasha, Kathryn and Groves, Brent and Herrera, Cinthya N. and Klessen, Ralf S. and Kreckel, Kathryn and Lee, Janice C. and Leroy, Adam K. and Pety, Jérôme and Querejeta, Miguel and Schinnerer, Eva and Sun, Jiayi and Usero, Antonio and Ward, Jacob L. and Williams, Thomas G. (2021) On the duration of the embedded phase of star formation. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 504 (1). pp. 487-509. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/stab878. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210630-191937228

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Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab878DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2012.00019arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kim, Jaeyeon0000-0002-0432-6847
Chevance, Mélanie0000-0002-5635-5180
Kruijssen, J. M. Diederik0000-0002-8804-0212
Sandstrom, Karin0000-0002-4378-8534
Barnes, Ashley T.0000-0003-0410-4504
Bigiel, Frank0000-0003-0166-9745
Blanc, Guillermo A.0000-0003-4218-3944
Cao, Yixian0000-0001-5301-1326
Dale, Daniel A.0000-0002-5782-9093
Glover, Simon C. O.0000-0001-6708-1317
Grasha, Kathryn0000-0002-3247-5321
Groves, Brent0000-0002-9768-0246
Herrera, Cinthya N.0000-0001-6405-0785
Klessen, Ralf S.0000-0002-0560-3172
Kreckel, Kathryn0000-0001-6551-3091
Lee, Janice C.0000-0002-2278-9407
Leroy, Adam K.0000-0002-2545-1700
Pety, Jérôme0000-0003-3061-6546
Schinnerer, Eva0000-0002-3933-7677
Sun, Jiayi0000-0003-0378-4667
Usero, Antonio0000-0003-1242-505X
Williams, Thomas G.0000-0002-0012-2142
Additional Information:© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model). Accepted 2021 March 19. Received 2021 March 3; in original form 2020 November 30. Published: 26 March 2021. We thank an anonymous referee for helpful comments that improved the quality of the manuscript. We thank Alexander Hygate for thankful suggestions and K. Herrmann for kindly sharing the H α map of IC 342. JK, MC, and JMDK gratefully acknowledge funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the DFG Sachbeihilfe (grant number KR4801/2-1). MC and JMDK gratefully acknowledge funding from the DFG through an Emmy Noether Grant (grant number KR4801/1-1). JMDK gratefully acknowledges funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme via the ERC Starting Grant MUSTANG (grant agreement number 714907). JMDK gratefully acknowledges funding from Sonderforschungsbereich SFB 881 (Project-ID 138713538) ‘The Milky Way System’ (subproject B2) of the DFG. FB and ATB would like to acknowledge funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No.726384/Empire). SCOG and RSK acknowledge support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) via the Collaborative Research Center (SFB 881, Project-ID 138713538) ‘The Milky Way System’ (sub-projects A1, B1, B2, and B8) and from the Heidelberg cluster of excellence (EXC 2181 - 390900948) ‘STRUCTURES: A unifying approach to emergent phenomena in the physical world, mathematics, and complex dat’, funded by the German Excellence Strategy. They also thank for funding from the European Research Council in the ERC Synergy Grant ‘ECOGAL – Understanding our Galactic ecosystem: From the disc of the Milky Way to the formation sites of stars and planets’ (project ID 855130). KK gratefully acknowledges funding from the German Research Foundation (DFG) in the form of an Emmy Noether Research Group (grant number KR4598/2-1, PI Kreckel). The work of AKL and JS is partially supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant nos. 1615105, 1615109, and 1653300. MQ acknowledges support from the research project PID2019-106027GA-C44 from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. ES and TGW acknowledge funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement no. 694343). This work was carried out as part of the PHANGS collaboration. This paper makes use of the following ALMA data: ADS/JAO.ALMA #2013.1.00351.S, ADS/JAO.ALMA #2015.1.00258.S. ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada), NSC and ASIAA (Taiwan), and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO, and NAOJ. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This work makes use of the PdBI Arcsecond Whirlpool Survey (Pety et al. (2013); Schinnerer et al. (2013)). The authors thank IRAM for making the data products of IC 342 (Schruba et al. 2021a), M31 (Schruba et al. 2021b), and M33 CO Large Program (Gratier et al. 2010; Druard et al. 2014) available. IRAM is supported by INSU/CNRS (France), MPG (Germany), and IGN (Spain). We thank the IRAM staff for their assistance with the observations. Data Availability: The data underlying this article will be shared on reasonable request to the corresponding author.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)KR4801/2-1
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)KR4801/1-1
European Research Council (ERC)714907
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)SFB 881
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)138713538
European Research Council (ERC)726384
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)EXC 2181-390900948
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)855130
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)KR4598/2-1
NSFAST-1615105
NSFAST-1615109
NSFAST-1653300
Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (MCIU)PID2019-106027GA-C44
European Research Council (ERC)694343
Subject Keywords:stars: formation – ISM: clouds – galaxies: evolution – galaxies: ISM– galaxies: star formation
Issue or Number:1
DOI:10.1093/mnras/stab878
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210630-191937228
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210630-191937228
Official Citation:Jaeyeon Kim, Mélanie Chevance, J M Diederik Kruijssen, Andreas Schruba, Karin Sandstrom, Ashley T Barnes, Frank Bigiel, Guillermo A Blanc, Yixian Cao, Daniel A Dale, Christopher M Faesi, Simon C O Glover, Kathryn Grasha, Brent Groves, Cinthya Herrera, Ralf S Klessen, Kathryn Kreckel, Janice C Lee, Adam K Leroy, Jérôme Pety, Miguel Querejeta, Eva Schinnerer, Jiayi Sun, Antonio Usero, Jacob L Ward, Thomas G Williams, On the duration of the embedded phase of star formation, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 504, Issue 1, June 2021, Pages 487–509, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab878
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109677
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:30 Jun 2021 22:37
Last Modified:06 Jul 2021 21:50

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