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The Sedimentary Geochemistry and Paleoenvironments Project

Farrell, Úna C. and Samawi, Rifaat and Anjanappa, Savitha and Klykov, Roman and Adeboye, Oyeleye O. and Agic, Heda and Ahm, Anne-Sofie C. and Boag, Thomas H. and Bowyer, Fred and Brocks, Jochen J. and Brunoir, Tessa N. and Canfield, Donald E. and Chen, Xiaoyan and Cheng, Meng and Clarkson, Matthew O. and Cole, Devon B. and Cordie, David R. and Crockford, Peter W. and Cui, Huan and Dahl, Tais W. and Mouro, Lucas D. and Dewing, Keith and Dornbos, Stephen Q. and Drabon, Nadja and Dumoulin, Julie A. and Emmings, Joseph F. and Endriga, Cecilia R. and Fraser, Tiffani A. and Gaines, Robert R. and Gaschnig, Richard M. and Gibson, Timothy M. and Gilleaudeau, Geoffrey J. and Gill, Benjamin C. and Goldberg, Karin and Guilbaud, Romain and Halverson, Galen P. and Hammarlund, Emma U. and Hantsoo, Kalev G. and Henderson, Miles A. and Hodgskiss, Malcolm S. W. and Horner, Tristan J. and Husson, Jon M. and Johnson, Benjamin and Kabanov, Pavel and Keller, C. Brenhin and Kimmig, Julien and Kipp, Michael A. and Knoll, Andrew H. and Kreitsmann, Timmu and Kunzmann, Marcus and Kurzweil, Florian and LeRoy, Matthew A. and Li, Chao and Lipp, Alex G. and Loydell, David K. and Lu, Xinze and Macdonald, Francis A. and Magnall, Joseph M. and Mänd, Kaarel and Mehra, Akshay and Melchin, Michael J. and Miller, Austin J. and Mills, N. Tanner and Mwinde, Chiza N. and O'Connell, Brennan and Och, Lawrence M. and Ossa Ossa, Frantz and Pagès, Anais and Paiste, Kärt and Partin, Camille A. and Peters, Shanan E. and Petrov, Peter and Playter, Tiffany L. and Plaza-Torres, Stephanie and Porter, Susannah M. and Poulton, Simon W. and Pruss, Sara B. and Richoz, Sylvain and Ritzer, Samantha R. and Rooney, Alan D. and Sahoo, Swapan K. and Schoepfer, Shane D. and Sclafani, Judith A. and Shen, Yanan and Shorttle, Oliver and Slotznick, Sarah P. and Smith, Emily F. and Spinks, Sam and Stockey, Richard G. and Strauss, Justin V. and Stüeken, Eva E. and Tecklenburg, Sabrina and Thomson, Danielle and Tosca, Nicholas J. and Uhlein, Gabriel J. and Vizcaíno, Maoli N. and Wang, Huajian and White, Tristan and Wilby, Philip R. and Woltz, Christina R. and Wood, Rachel A. and Xiang, Lei and Yurchenko, Inessa A. and Zhang, Tianran and Planavsky, Noah J. and Lau, Kimberly V. and Johnston, David T. and Sperling, Erik A. (2021) The Sedimentary Geochemistry and Paleoenvironments Project. Geobiology, 19 (6). pp. 545-556. ISSN 1472-4677. doi:10.1111/gbi.12462.

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Geobiology explores how Earth's system has changed over the course of geologic history and how living organisms on this planet are impacted by or are indeed causing these changes. For decades, geologists, paleontologists, and geochemists have generated data to investigate these topics. Foundational efforts in sedimentary geochemistry utilized spreadsheets for data storage and analysis, suitable for several thousand samples, but not practical or scalable for larger, more complex datasets. As results have accumulated, researchers have increasingly gravitated toward larger compilations and statistical tools. New data frameworks have become necessary to handle larger sample sets and encourage more sophisticated or even standardized statistical analyses. In this paper, we describe the Sedimentary Geochemistry and Paleoenvironments Project (SGP; Figure 1), which is an open, community-oriented, database-driven research consortium. The goals of SGP are to (1) create a relational database tailored to the needs of the deep-time (millions to billions of years) sedimentary geochemical research community, including assembling and curating published and associated unpublished data; (2) create a website where data can be retrieved in a flexible way; and (3) build a collaborative consortium where researchers are incentivized to contribute data by giving them priority access and the opportunity to work on exciting questions in group papers. Finally, and more idealistically, the goal was to establish a culture of modern data management and data analysis in sedimentary geochemistry. Relative to many other fields, the main emphasis in our field has been on instrument measurement of sedimentary geochemical data rather than data analysis (compared with fields like ecology, for instance, where the post-experiment ANOVA (analysis of variance) is customary). Thus, the longer-term goal was to build a collaborative environment where geobiologists and geologists can work and learn together to assess changes in geochemical signatures through Earth history.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Farrell, Úna C.0000-0002-3489-8512
Adeboye, Oyeleye O.0000-0002-3262-0664
Brocks, Jochen J.0000-0002-8430-8744
Canfield, Donald E.0000-0001-7602-8366
Cole, Devon B.0000-0002-5669-3817
Gibson, Timothy M.0000-0003-0836-4565
Hammarlund, Emma U.0000-0001-7625-4793
Johnson, Benjamin0000-0001-6925-3223
Kipp, Michael A.0000-0003-1844-3670
Knoll, Andrew H.0000-0003-1308-8585
LeRoy, Matthew A.0000-0002-3572-9841
Li, Chao0000-0001-9861-661X
Mänd, Kaarel0000-0003-1575-3710
Mehra, Akshay0000-0002-3966-1469
Mills, N. Tanner0000-0001-8578-3232
O'Connell, Brennan0000-0002-5652-1222
Och, Lawrence M.0000-0001-6207-5348
Porter, Susannah M.0000-0002-4707-9428
Pruss, Sara B.0000-0003-1751-2697
Rooney, Alan D.0000-0002-5023-2606
Shorttle, Oliver0000-0002-8713-1446
Slotznick, Sarah P.0000-0001-8374-3173
Strauss, Justin V.0000-0003-3298-3227
Stüeken, Eva E.0000-0001-6861-2490
Johnston, David T.0000-0002-2487-1084
Sperling, Erik A.0000-0001-9590-371X
Additional Information:© 2021 The Authors. Geobiology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes. Issue Online: 22 October 2021; Version of Record online: 05 July 2021; Manuscript accepted: 05 June 2021; Manuscript received: 31 May 2021. We thank Sufian Lattouf for developing the initial version of the SGP website, and Kai Lenz, Kassie Sharp, Aaron Cole, Clare Swan, Lyna Kim, and John Freshwaters for computational assistance. We thank Erin Saupe, Itay Halevy, Jordon Hemingway, Minming Cui, Maya Gomes, Matthew Granitto, Alf Lenz, Charles Henderson, Chengsheng Jin, Clint Scott, David Champion, Jinghai Yang, Joe Shaffer, Kathy Doyle, Lei Xiang, Liam Bhajan, Patrick Sack, Paul Hoffman, Paulo Linarde Dantas Mascena, Will Thompson-Butler, and Yu Liu for their contributions to SGP. We thank Patrick Sullivan and Laramie Duncan for discussions regarding the PGC and research consortium organization. We thank the donors of The American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund for partial support of SGP website development (61017-ND2). EAS is funded by National Science Foundation grant (NSF) EAR-1922966. BGS authors (JE, PW) publish with permission of the Executive Director of the British Geological Survey, UKRI. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund61017-ND2
Subject Keywords:consortium; database; Earth history; geochemistry; website
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210714-221705521
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Farrell, Ú. C., Samawi, R., Anjanappa, S., Klykov, R., Adeboye, O. O., Agic, H., Ahm, A.-S. C., Boag, T. H., Bowyer, F., Brocks, J. J., Brunoir, T. N., Canfield, D. E., Chen, X., Cheng, M., Clarkson, M. O., Cole, D. B., Cordie, D. R., Crockford, P. W., Cui, H., … Sperling, E. A. (2021). The Sedimentary Geochemistry and Paleoenvironments Project. Geobiology, 19, 545–556.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:109827
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:15 Jul 2021 18:13
Last Modified:28 Oct 2021 22:35

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