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Towards Precision Measurements of Accreting Black Holes Using X-Ray Reflection Spectroscopy

Bambi, Cosimo and Brenneman, Laura W. and Dauser, Thomas and García, Javier A. and Grinberg, Victoria and Ingram, Adam and Jiang, Jiachen and Liu, Honghui and Lohfink, Anne M. and Marinucci, Andrea and Mastroserio, Guglielmo and Middei, Riccardo and Nampalliwar, Sourabh and Niedźwiecki, Andrzej and Steiner, James F. and Tripathi, Ashutosh and Zdziarski, Andrzej A. (2021) Towards Precision Measurements of Accreting Black Holes Using X-Ray Reflection Spectroscopy. Space Science Reviews, 217 (5). Art. No. 65. ISSN 0038-6308. doi:10.1007/s11214-021-00841-8. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210729-205241904

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Abstract

Relativistic reflection features are commonly observed in the X-ray spectra of accreting black holes. In the presence of high quality data and with the correct astrophysical model, X-ray reflection spectroscopy can be quite a powerful tool to probe the strong gravity region, study the morphology of the accreting matter, measure black hole spins, and possibly test Einstein’s theory of general relativity in the strong field regime. In the last decade, there has been significant progress in the development of the analysis of these features, thanks to more sophisticated astrophysical models and new observational facilities. Here we review the state-of-the-art in relativistic reflection modeling, listing assumptions and simplifications that may affect, at some level, the final measurements and may be investigated better in the future. We review black hole spin measurements and the most recent efforts to use X-ray reflection spectroscopy for testing fundamental physics.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-021-00841-8DOIArticle
https://rdcu.be/cqRDJPublisherFree ReadCube access
https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.04792arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Bambi, Cosimo0000-0002-3180-9502
Dauser, Thomas0000-0003-4583-9048
García, Javier A.0000-0003-3828-2448
Grinberg, Victoria0000-0003-2538-0188
Ingram, Adam0000-0002-5311-9078
Jiang, Jiachen0000-0002-9639-4352
Liu, Honghui0000-0003-2845-1009
Mastroserio, Guglielmo0000-0003-4216-7936
Middei, Riccardo0000-0001-9815-9092
Nampalliwar, Sourabh0000-0002-9608-1102
Steiner, James F.0000-0002-5872-6061
Tripathi, Ashutosh0000-0002-3960-5870
Additional Information:© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2021. Received 12 November 2020; Accepted 22 June 2021; Published 19 July 2021. We wish to thank Barbara De Marco and Erin Kara for useful comments and suggestions. All authors are members of the International Team 458 at the International Space Science Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. J.G. and A.A.Z. are also members of the International Team 486 at the International Space Science Institute (ISSI), Bern, Switzerland. The work of C.B., H.L., and A.T. is supported by the Innovation Program of the Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, Grant No. 2019-01-07-00-07-E00035, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), Grant No. 11973019, and Fudan University, Grant No. JIH1512604. V.G. is supported through the Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF and the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Württemberg. J.J. is supported by the Tsinghua Shui’Mu Scholar Program and the Tsinghua Astrophysics Outstanding Fellowship. R.M. acknowledges the financial support of INAF (Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica), Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, ASI (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana) under contract to INAF: ASI 2014-049-R.0 dedicated to SSDC. A.N. is supported by the Polish National Science Centre under the grants 2015/18/A/ST9/00746 and 2016/21/B/ST9/02388. A.A.Z. is supported by the Polish National Science Centre under the grants 2015/18/A/ST9/00746 and 2019/35/B/ST9/03944.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Shanghai Municipal Education Commission2019-01-07-00-07-E00035
National Natural Science Foundation of China11973019
Fudan UniversityJIH1512604
Margarete von Wrangell FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Science, Research and the ArtsUNSPECIFIED
Tsinghua UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)ASI 2014-049-R.0
National Science Centre (Poland)2015/18/A/ST9/00746
National Science Centre (Poland)2016/21/B/ST9/02388
National Science Centre (Poland)2015/18/A/ST9/00746
National Science Centre (Poland)2019/35/B/ST9/03944
Subject Keywords:Black holes; X-ray astronomy; Reflection spectrum; Iron line; Black hole spins
Issue or Number:5
DOI:10.1007/s11214-021-00841-8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210729-205241904
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210729-205241904
Official Citation:Bambi, C., Brenneman, L.W., Dauser, T. et al. Towards Precision Measurements of Accreting Black Holes Using X-Ray Reflection Spectroscopy. Space Sci Rev 217, 65 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-021-00841-8
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:110077
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:02 Aug 2021 20:47
Last Modified:02 Aug 2021 20:47

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