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3D-M3: high-spatial-resolution spectroscopy with extreme AO and 3D-printed micro-lenslets

Anagnos, Theodoros and Trappen, Mareike and Tiong, Blaise C. Kuo and Feger, Tobias and Yerolatsitis, Stephanos and Harris, Robert J. and Lozi, Julien and Jovanovic, Nemanja and Birks, Tim A. and Vievard, Sébastien and Guyon, Olivier and Gris-Sánchez, Itandehui and Leon-Saval, Sergio G. and Norris, Barnaby and Haffert, Sebastiaan Y. and Hottinger, Phillip and Blaicher, Matthias and Xu, Yilin and Betters, Christopher H. and Koos, Christian and Coutts, David W. and Schwab, Christian and Quirrenbach, Andreas (2021) 3D-M3: high-spatial-resolution spectroscopy with extreme AO and 3D-printed micro-lenslets. Applied Optics, 60 (19). D108-D121. ISSN 1559-128X. doi:10.1364/ao.420855.

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By combining integral field spectroscopy with extreme adaptive optics, we are now able to resolve objects close to the diffraction limit of large telescopes, exploring new science cases. We introduce an integral field unit designed to couple light with a minimal plate scale from the SCExAO facility at NIR wavelengths to a single-mode spectrograph. The integral field unit has a 3D-printed micro-lens array on top of a custom single-mode multi-core fiber, to optimize the coupling of light into the fiber cores. We demonstrate the potential of the instrument via initial results from the first on-sky runs at the 8.2 m Subaru Telescope with a spectrograph using off-the-shelf optics, allowing for rapid development with low cost.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Anagnos, Theodoros0000-0002-1280-5178
Yerolatsitis, Stephanos0000-0002-6268-3674
Harris, Robert J.0000-0002-8518-4640
Lozi, Julien0000-0002-3047-1845
Jovanovic, Nemanja0000-0001-5213-6207
Vievard, Sébastien0000-0003-4018-2569
Guyon, Olivier0000-0002-1097-9908
Norris, Barnaby0000-0002-8352-7515
Haffert, Sebastiaan Y.0000-0001-5130-9153
Xu, Yilin0000-0002-2991-9198
Betters, Christopher H.0000-0002-3797-2028
Koos, Christian0000-0003-2690-0691
Additional Information:© 2021 Optical Society of America. Received 3 February 2021; revised 13 May 2021; accepted 16 May 2021; posted 18 May 2021 (Doc. ID 420855); published 23 June 2021. T.A. is a fellow of the International Max Planck Research School for Astronomy and Cosmic Physics at the University of Heidelberg (IMPRS-HD) and is supported by the Cotutelle International Macquarie University Research Excellence Scholarship. M.T., M.B., Y.X., and C.K. are supported by Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), joint project PRIMA, the Helmholtz International Research School for Teratronics (HIRST), Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy via the Excellence Cluster 3D Matter Made to Order. R.J.H., P.H., and A.Q. are supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), “Novel Astronomical Instrumentation through photonic Reformatting.” T.B. and S.Y. are supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020, and by the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council. S.Y.H. is supported by the NASA Hubble Fellowship awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated. The development of SCExAO was supported by the JSPS, the Astrobiology Center (ABC) of the National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Japan, the Mt Cuba Foundation, and the directors contingency fund at Subaru Telescope, and the OptoFab node of the Australian National Fabrication Facility. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain. This research made use of Astropy, a community-developed core Python package for Astronomy [75,76], Numpy [77], and Matplotlib [78]. Funding: Macquarie University; Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (730890); Science and Technology Facilities Council (ST/N000544/1); Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (23103002, 23340051, 26220704); Space Telescope Science Institute (HST-HF2-51436.001-A); Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (13N14630); Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (326946494, EXC2082/1-390761711); Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated (NAS5-26555). Data Availability: Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Macquarie UniversityUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)730890
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N000544/1
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)23103002
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)23340051
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)26220704
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51436.001-A
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)13N14630
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)326946494
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)EXC2082/1-390761711
University of HeidelbergUNSPECIFIED
Helmholtz International Research School for TeratronicsUNSPECIFIED
National Institutes of Natural Sciences of JapanUNSPECIFIED
Mt. Cuba Astronomical FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subaru TelescopeUNSPECIFIED
Australian National Fabrication FacilityUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:19
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210803-215545210
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Theodoros Anagnos, Mareike Trappen, Blaise C. Kuo Tiong, Tobias Feger, Stephanos Yerolatsitis, Robert J. Harris, Julien Lozi, Nemanja Jovanovic, Tim A. Birks, Sébastien Vievard, Olivier Guyon, Itandehui Gris-Sánchez, Sergio G. Leon-Saval, Barnaby Norris, Sebastiaan Y. Haffert, Phillip Hottinger, Matthias Blaicher, Yilin Xu, Christopher H. Betters, Christian Koos, David W. Coutts, Christian Schwab, and Andreas Quirrenbach, "3D-M3: high-spatial-resolution spectroscopy with extreme AO and 3D-printed micro-lenslets," Appl. Opt. 60, D108-D121 (2021); DOI: 10.1364/ao.420855
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:110142
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Aug 2021 19:08
Last Modified:04 Aug 2021 19:08

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