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Room-level ventilation in schools and universities

McNeill, V. Faye and Corsi, Richard and Huffman, J. Alex and King, Cathleen and Klein, Robert and Lamore, Michael and Maeng, Do Young and Miller, Shelly L. and Ng, Nga Lee and Olsiewski, Paula and Godri Pollitt, Krystal J. and Segalman, Rachel and Sessions, Alex and Squires, Todd and Westgate, Sabrina (2022) Room-level ventilation in schools and universities. Atmospheric Environment: X, 13 . Art. No. 100152. ISSN 2590-1621. PMCID PMC8789458. doi:10.1016/j.aeaoa.2022.100152.

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Ventilation is of primary concern for maintaining healthy indoor air quality and reducing the spread of airborne infectious disease, including COVID-19. In addition to building-level guidelines, increased attention is being placed on room-level ventilation. However, for many universities and schools, ventilation data on a room-by-room basis are not available for classrooms and other key spaces. We present an overview of approaches for measuring ventilation along with their advantages and disadvantages. We also present data from recent case studies for a variety of institutions across the United States, with various building ages, types, locations, and climates, highlighting their commonalities and differences, and examples of the use of this data to support decision making.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription CentralArticle Paper Information
McNeill, V. Faye0000-0003-0379-6916
Corsi, Richard0000-0002-1291-3566
Huffman, J. Alex0000-0002-5363-9516
King, Cathleen0000-0003-3147-4834
Maeng, Do Young0000-0001-8371-5404
Miller, Shelly L.0000-0002-1967-7551
Ng, Nga Lee0000-0001-8460-4765
Olsiewski, Paula0000-0001-7014-6126
Godri Pollitt, Krystal J.0000-0001-7332-2228
Segalman, Rachel0000-0002-4292-5103
Sessions, Alex0000-0001-6120-2763
Squires, Todd0000-0001-6609-9275
Westgate, Sabrina0000-0001-7272-2465
Additional Information:© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Received 10 August 2021, Revised 13 January 2022, Accepted 16 January 2022, Available online 26 January 2022. The authors thank Prof. Bill Nazaroff and Prof. Atila Novoselac for helpful discussions. VFM and DYM acknowledge Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Chemistry of Indoor Environments program for financial support, and Columbia Facilities. TMS and RAS gratefully acknowledge the Santa Barbara Unified School District and Goleta Union School District for their cooperation and help with measurements. ALS acknowledges Caltech and the Divisions of Geological & Planetary Sciences and Chemistry and Chemical Engineering for financial support, Caltech Facilities for testing and data collection, and Nathan Dalleska, John Crounse, and Paul Wennberg for contributions to method development and deployment. SW and NLN acknowledge support from Georgia Tech COVID-19 Rapid Response fund, and helpful discussions with Philip Johnston, Richard Chew, and Gregory Spiro from Georgia Tech Facilities. JAH acknowledges the University of Denver COVID-19 Response team, Department of Facilities Management, Lamont School of Music, and Planning, and Office of the Provost for funding and support. CK, RK, ML, and KJGP acknowledge the support of Julie Paquette, Anthony Kosior, and JP Fernandez with method development and deployment. PJO acknowledges support from the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security and the Open Philanthropy Project. Author contributions: VFM, JAH, DYM, NLN, KJGP, RS, AS, TS, and SW designed experiments, analyzed and interpreted data. JAH, DYM, NLN, KJGP, RS, AS, TS, and SW collected data. All authors participated in writing the manuscript and the development of Table 1. Declaration of competing interest: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Columbia UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Caltech Division of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringUNSPECIFIED
University of DenverUNSPECIFIED
Johns Hopkins UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Open PhilanthropyUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Ventilation; HVAC; Indoor air; Schools; Sensors
PubMed Central ID:PMC8789458
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210811-170707088
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:V. Faye McNeill, Richard Corsi, J. Alex Huffman, Cathleen King, Robert Klein, Michael Lamore, Do Young Maeng, Shelly L. Miller, Nga Lee Ng, Paula Olsiewski, Krystal J. Godri Pollitt, Rachel Segalman, Alex Sessions, Todd Squires, Sabrina Westgate, Room-level ventilation in schools and universities, Atmospheric Environment: X, Volume 13, 2022, 100152, ISSN 2590-1621, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:110200
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 Aug 2021 17:32
Last Modified:26 May 2022 15:57

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