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The hydrodynamics of an active squirming particle inside of a porous container

Marshall, Kevin J. and Brady, John F. (2021) The hydrodynamics of an active squirming particle inside of a porous container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 919 . Art. No. A31. ISSN 0022-1120. doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.276.

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A microswimmer placed inside of a passive lamellar vesicle can hydrodynamically induce directed motion of the vesicle so long as fluid is permitted to pass through the vesicle's surface. With an interest in understanding the underlying theoretical mechanism responsible for this directed motion, we study the low Reynolds number fluid mechanics of a reduced system in which a spherical squirming particle is encapsulated inside of a rigid porous spherical container (membrane). We create a theoretical model for this system and obtain two exact analytical solutions to the Stokes equations which describe the motion of the squirmer and container under porous and non-porous container descriptions. Fluid flow through the container's surface is described using a model similar to Darcy's law where proportionality constants, R_II and R_⊥, parameterize the container's resistance to permeable flow parallel and normal to the container's surface. We numerically simulate trajectories of the squirmer–container system by reformulating the fluid mechanics problem as a coupled set of second kind boundary integral equations (BIEs). This system of BIEs is solved numerically using a Galerkin boundary element discretization on graphics processing units enabled with NVIDIA's Compute Unified Device Architecture. We obtain excellent agreement between the analytical and numerical solutions for the concentric geometry. Trajectories of pusher squirmers show earlier radial spread towards the container's surface, whereas puller squirmers tend to move radially inwards, towards the container's centre. Both the squirmer type (pusher, puller, neutral) and container resistance parameters heavily influence net container motion and early squirmer dynamics.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Marshall, Kevin J.0000-0001-6025-7674
Brady, John F.0000-0001-5817-9128
Additional Information:© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press. Received 14 October 2020; revised 9 February 2021; accepted 22 March 2021. K.J.M. was supported by the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under grant no. DGE-1144469. We acknowledge additional partial support by the National Science Foundation under grant no. CBET-1803662. The authors report no conflict of interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipDGE-1144469
Subject Keywords:boundary integral methods, membranes, micro-organism dynamics
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210821-141359446
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Official Citation:Marshall, K., & Brady, J. (2021). The hydrodynamics of an active squirming particle inside of a porous container. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 919, A31. doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.276
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:110346
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Aug 2021 16:51
Last Modified:21 Aug 2021 16:51

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