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Excitation of the symmetry forbidden bending mode in molecular photoionization

Miller, J. Scott and Poliakoff, E. D. and Miller, Thomas F., III and Natalense, Alexandra P. P. and Lucchese, Robert R. (2001) Excitation of the symmetry forbidden bending mode in molecular photoionization. Journal of Chemical Physics, 114 (10). pp. 4496-4504. ISSN 0021-9606. doi:10.1063/1.1349090.

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We present results on the energy dependence of the vibrational branching ratio for the bending mode in CO2 3sigma<sub>u</sub><sup>-1</sup> photoionization. Specifically, we determine the v+ = (0,1,0)/v+ = (0,0,0) intensity ratio by detecting dispersed fluorescence from the electronically excited photoions. The results exhibit large deviations over a very wide energy range, 18<hnuexc<190 eV. Production of the v+ = (0,1,0) level of the ion from the v0 = (0,0,0) ground state is forbidden by symmetry, and while observations of such features are well established in photoelectron spectroscopy, their appearance is normally ascribed to vibronic coupling in the ionic hole state. In this case, we find that such explanations fail to account for the energy dependence of the branching ratio. These deviations indicate that the continuum photoelectron participates in transferring oscillator strength to the nominally forbidden vibrational transition. A theoretical framework is developed for interpreting the experimental data, and Schwinger variational calculations are performed. These calculations demonstrate that the continuum electron is responsible for the observation of the excited bending mode as well as its energy dependence. This is an intrachannel effect that is best described as photoelectron-induced vibronic symmetry breaking. This appears to be a general phenomenon, and it may be useful in illuminating connections between bond angle and photoionization spectroscopies. The magnitude of these deviations display the utility of vibrationally resolved studies, and the extent over which these changes occur underscores the necessity of broad range studies to elucidate slowly varying characteristics in photoionization continua.

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Miller, Thomas F., III0000-0002-1882-5380
Additional Information:© 2001 American Institute of Physics. Received 6 October 2000; accepted 19 December 2000. We thank the CAMD staff for their assistance, and EDP acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation (CHE-9616908). This work was also supported in part by the Robert A. Welch Foundation (Houston, Texas) under Grant No. A-1020. We also acknowledge the support of the Texas A&M University Supercomputing Facility. Finally, we wish to acknowledge helpful conversations with Dr. M.G. White of Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Subject Keywords:carbon compounds, vibrational modes, photoionisation, fluorescence, vibrational states, vibronic states
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:MILjcp01
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11036
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Deposited On:24 Jun 2008
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 21:13

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