CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

A Review of the Phyllosilicates in Gale Crater as Detected by the CheMin Instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity Rover

Tu, Valerie M. and Rampe, Elizabeth B. and Bristow, Thomas F. and Thorpe, Michael T. and Clark, Joanna V. and Castle, Nicholas and Fraeman, Abigail A. and Edgar, Lauren A. and McAdam, Amy and Bedford, Candice and Achilles, Cherie N. and Blake, David and Chipera, Steve J. and Craig, Patricia I. and Des Marais, David J. and Downs, Gordon W. and Downs, Robert T. and Fox, Valerie and Grotzinger, John P. and Hazen, Robert M. and Ming, Douglas W. and Morris, Richard V. and Morrison, Shaunna M. and Pavri, Betina and Eigenbrode, Jennifer and Peretyazhko, Tanya S. and Sarrazin, Philippe C. and Sutter, Brad and Treiman, Allan H. and Vaniman, David T. and Vasavada, Ashwin R. and Yen, Albert S. and Bridges, John C. (2021) A Review of the Phyllosilicates in Gale Crater as Detected by the CheMin Instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity Rover. Minerals, 11 (8). Art. No. 847. ISSN 2075-163X. doi:10.3390/min11080847. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210831-212420461

[img] PDF - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution.

11MB

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210831-212420461

Abstract

Curiosity, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover, landed on Mars in August 2012 to investigate the ~3.5-billion-year-old (Ga) fluvio-lacustrine sedimentary deposits of Aeolis Mons (informally known as Mount Sharp) and the surrounding plains (Aeolis Palus) in Gale crater. After nearly nine years, Curiosity has traversed over 25 km, and the Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin) X-ray diffraction instrument on-board Curiosity has analyzed 30 drilled rock and three scooped soil samples to date. The principal strategic goal of the mission is to assess the habitability of Mars in its ancient past. Phyllosilicates are common in ancient Martian terrains dating to ~3.5–4 Ga and were detected from orbit in some of the lower strata of Mount Sharp. Phyllosilicates on Earth are important for harboring and preserving organics. On Mars, phyllosilicates are significant for exploration as they are hypothesized to be a marker for potential habitable environments. CheMin data demonstrate that ancient fluvio-lacustrine rocks in Gale crater contain up to ~35 wt. % phyllosilicates. Phyllosilicates are key indicators of past fluid–rock interactions, and variation in the structure and composition of phyllosilicates in Gale crater suggest changes in past aqueous environments that may have been habitable to microbial life with a variety of possible energy sources.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3390/min11080847DOIArticle
https://pds.nasa.govRelated ItemNASA Planetary Data System
https://odr.io/cheminRelated ItemCheMin Database
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Rampe, Elizabeth B.0000-0002-6999-0028
Bristow, Thomas F.0000-0001-6725-0555
Fraeman, Abigail A.0000-0003-4017-5158
Edgar, Lauren A.0000-0001-7512-7813
Achilles, Cherie N.0000-0001-9185-6768
Blake, David0000-0002-0834-4487
Craig, Patricia I.0000-0003-4080-4997
Downs, Robert T.0000-0002-8380-7728
Grotzinger, John P.0000-0001-9324-1257
Hazen, Robert M.0000-0003-4163-8644
Ming, Douglas W.0000-0003-0567-8876
Morrison, Shaunna M.0000-0002-1712-8057
Eigenbrode, Jennifer0000-0003-3089-1986
Sutter, Brad0000-0002-3036-170X
Treiman, Allan H.0000-0002-8073-2839
Vaniman, David T.0000-0001-7661-2626
Vasavada, Ashwin R.0000-0003-2665-286X
Bridges, John C.0000-0002-9579-5779
Additional Information:© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Received: 1 June 2021 / Revised: 22 July 2021 / Accepted: 24 July 2021 / Published: 6 August 2021. The authors are grateful to the entire MSL team, instrument teams, engineers, and scientists that made the mission and studies possible. The research reviewed in this paper was funded by the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) project office. A.A.F. was supported by the NASA Mars Science Laboratory Participating Scientist Program. Additionally, a portion of this research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (80NM0018D0004). Author Contributions: The review paper summarizes the findings of numerous studies from the MSL team, instrument teams, and in the laboratory. All co-authors were involved with at least one of the following individual projects reviewed in this paper: conceptualization, methodology, formal analysis, investigation, data curation. Conceptualization, E.B.R., T.F.B., M.T.T., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., C.N.A., D.B., S.J.C., P.I.C., D.J.D.M., V.F., J.P.G., D.W.M., R.V.M., S.M.M., J.E., T.S.P., P.C.S., B.S., A.H.T., D.T.V., A.R.V., A.S.Y., J.C.B.; methodology, E.B.R., T.F.B., M.T.T., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., C.N.A., D.B., S.J.C., P.I.C., D.J.D.M.,V.F., J.P.G., D.W.M., R.V.M., S.M.M., T.S.P., P.C.S., B.S., A.H.T., D.T.V., A.R.V., A.S.Y.; formal analysis, V.M.T., E.B.R., T.F.B., M.T.T., N.C., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., C.N.A., D.B., S.J.C., P.I.C., D.J.D.M., G.W.D., R.T.D., V.F., J.P.G., R.M.H., D.W.M., R.V.M., S.M.M., T.S.P., B.S., A.H.T., D.T.V., A.S.Y.; investigation, V.M.T., E.B.R., T.F.B., M.T.T., N.C., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., C.N.A., D.B., S.J.C., P.I.C., D.J.D.M., G.W.D., R.T.D., V.F., J.P.G., R.M.H., D.W.M., R.V.M., S.M.M., J.E., T.S.P., B.S., A.H.T., D.T.V., A.R.V., A.S.Y., J.C.B.; data curation, E.B.R., T.F.B., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., C.N.A., V.F., J.P.G., D.T.V., A.S.Y.; writing—original draft preparation, V.M.T., E.B.R., T.F.B., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., V.F.; writing—review and editing, V.M.T., E.B.R., T.F.B., M.T.T., J.V.C., A.A.F., L.A.E., A.M., C.B., V.F., R.M.H., B.P., J.E., D.T.V., A.R.V., J.C.B.; visualization, V.M.T., J.V.C., V.F., L.A.E. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. The authors declare no conflict of interest. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript in the decision to publish the results. Data Availability Statement: Publicly available datasets were analyzed in this study. This data can be found here: [https://pds.nasa.gov], accessed on 23 July 2021. Additional contextual information can be found in the publically available CheMin Database found here: [https://odr.io/chemin], accessed on 23 July 2021.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA80NM0018D0004
Subject Keywords:clay minerals; phyllosilicates; organic preservation; Mars; gale crater; X-ray diffraction; Mars Science Laboratory; CheMin
Issue or Number:8
DOI:10.3390/min11080847
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20210831-212420461
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20210831-212420461
Official Citation:Tu, V.M.; Rampe, E.B.; Bristow, T.F.; Thorpe, M.T.; Clark, J.V.; Castle, N.; Fraeman, A.A.; Edgar, L.A.; McAdam, A.; Bedford, C.; Achilles, C.N.; Blake, D.; Chipera, S.J.; Craig, P.I.; Des Marais, D.J.; Downs, G.W.; Downs, R.T.; Fox, V.; Grotzinger, J.P.; Hazen, R.M.; Ming, D.W.; Morris, R.V.; Morrison, S.M.; Pavri, B.; Eigenbrode, J.; Peretyazhko, T.S.; Sarrazin, P.C.; Sutter, B.; Treiman, A.H.; Vaniman, D.T.; Vasavada, A.R.; Yen, A.S.; Bridges, J.C. A Review of the Phyllosilicates in Gale Crater as Detected by the CheMin Instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory, Curiosity Rover. Minerals 2021, 11, 847. https://doi.org/10.3390/min11080847
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:110670
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:31 Aug 2021 21:33
Last Modified:31 Aug 2021 21:33

Repository Staff Only: item control page