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Keck Planet Imager and Characterizer: a dedicated single-mode fiber injection unit for high-resolution exoplanet spectroscopy

Delorme, Jacques-Robert and Jovanovic, Nemanja and Echeverri, Daniel and Mawet, Dimitri and Wallace, J. Kent and Bartos, Randall D. and Cetre, Sylvain and Wizinowich, Peter and Ragland, Sam and Lilley, Scott and Wetherell, Edward and Doppmann, Greg and Wang, Jason J. and Morris, Evan C. and Ruffio, Jean-Baptiste and Martin, Emily C. and Fitzgerald, Michael P. and Ruane, Garreth and Schofield, Tobias and Suominen, Nick and Calvin, Benjamin and Wang, Eric and Magnone, Kenneth and Johnson, Christopher and Sohn, Ji M. and López, Ronald A. and Bond, Charlotte Z. and Pezzato, Jacklyn and Sayson, Jorge L. and Chun, Mark and Skemer, Andrew J. (2021) Keck Planet Imager and Characterizer: a dedicated single-mode fiber injection unit for high-resolution exoplanet spectroscopy. Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 7 (3). Art. No. 035006. ISSN 2329-4221. doi:10.1117/1.JATIS.7.3.035006. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211006-171113651

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Abstract

The Keck Planet Imager and Characterizer (KPIC) is a purpose-built instrument to demonstrate technological and instrumental concepts initially developed for the exoplanet direct imaging field. Located downstream of the current Keck II adaptive optic (AO) system, KPIC contains a fiber injection unit (FIU) capable of combining the high-contrast imaging capability of the AOs system with the high dispersion spectroscopy capability of the current Keck high resolution infrared spectrograph (NIRSPEC). Deployed at Keck in September 2018, this instrument has already been used to acquire high-resolution spectra (R  >  30,000) of multiple targets of interest. In the near term, it will be used to spectrally characterize known directly imaged exoplanets and low-mass brown dwarf companions visible in the northern hemisphere with a spectral resolution high enough to enable spin and planetary radial velocity measurements as well as Doppler imaging of atmospheric weather phenomena. Here, we present the design of the FIU, the unique calibration procedures needed to operate a single-mode fiber instrument and the system performance.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JATIS.7.3.035006DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.12556arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Delorme, Jacques-Robert0000-0001-8953-1008
Jovanovic, Nemanja0000-0001-5213-6207
Echeverri, Daniel0000-0002-1583-2040
Mawet, Dimitri0000-0002-8895-4735
Wallace, J. Kent0000-0001-5299-6899
Wizinowich, Peter0000-0002-1646-442X
Ragland, Sam0000-0002-0696-1780
Lilley, Scott0000-0001-7323-7277
Wang, Jason J.0000-0003-0774-6502
Ruffio, Jean-Baptiste0000-0003-2233-4821
Martin, Emily C.0000-0002-0618-5128
Fitzgerald, Michael P.0000-0002-0176-8973
Ruane, Garreth0000-0003-4769-1665
Calvin, Benjamin0000-0003-4737-5486
Johnson, Christopher0000-0001-9937-5272
Sayson, Jorge L.0000-0002-3414-784X
Skemer, Andrew J.0000-0001-6098-3924
Additional Information:© 2021 The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI. Paper 20188AS received Dec. 31, 2020; accepted for publication Jul. 27, 2021; published online Aug. 13, 2021. This work was supported by the Heising-Simons Foundation through Grant No. 2019-1312. It has been previously submitted as an SPIE proceeding. W. M. Keck Observatory is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Mauna Kea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain.
Group:Astronomy Department
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Heising-Simons Foundation2019-1312
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:instrumentation; W. M. Keck observatory; exoplanets; high contrast imaging; high dispersion coronagraphy; high-resolution spectroscopy
Issue or Number:3
DOI:10.1117/1.JATIS.7.3.035006
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211006-171113651
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211006-171113651
Official Citation:Jacques-Robert Delorme, Nemanja Jovanovic, Daniel Echeverri, Dimitri P. Mawet, James Kent Wallace, Randall D. Bartos, Sylvain Cetre, Peter L. Wizinowich, Sam Ragland, Scott J. Lilley, Edward Wetherell, Greg Doppmann, Jason J. Wang, Evan C. Morris, Jean-Baptiste Ruffio, Emily C. Martin, Michael P. Fitzgerald, Garreth J. Ruane, Tobias Schofield, Nick Suominen, Benjamin Calvin, Eric Wang, Kenneth G. Magnone, Christopher A. Johnson, Ji Man Sohn, Ronald A. Lopez, Charlotte Z. Bond, Jacklyn Pezzato, Jorge Llop-Sayson, Mark R. Chun, and Andrew J. Skemer "Keck Planet Imager and Characterizer: a dedicated single-mode fiber injection unit for high-resolution exoplanet spectroscopy," Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems 7(3), 035006 (13 August 2021). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JATIS.7.3.035006
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:111245
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:06 Oct 2021 17:38
Last Modified:06 Oct 2021 17:38

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