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Team Flow Is a Unique Brain State Associated with Enhanced Information Integration and Interbrain Synchrony

Shehata, Mohammad and Cheng, Miao and Leung, Angus and Tsuchiya, Naotsugu and Wu, Daw-An and Tseng, Chia-huei and Nakauchi, Shigeki and Shimojo, Shinsuke (2021) Team Flow Is a Unique Brain State Associated with Enhanced Information Integration and Interbrain Synchrony. eNeuro, 8 (5). ENEURO.0133-21.2021. ISSN 2373-2822. PMCID PMC8513532. doi:10.1523/eneuro.0133-21.2021. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211012-211828113

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Abstract

Team flow occurs when a group functions in a high task engagement to achieve a goal, commonly seen in performance and sports. Team flow can enable enhanced positive experiences, as compared with individual flow or regular socializing. However, the neural basis for this enhanced behavioral state remains unclear. Here, we identified neural correlates (NCs) of team flow in human participants using a music rhythm task with electroencephalogram hyperscanning. Experimental manipulations held the motor task constant while disrupting the corresponding hedonic music to interfere with the flow state or occluding the partner’s positive feedback to impede team interaction. We validated these manipulations by using psychometric ratings and an objective measure for the depth of flow experience, which uses the auditory-evoked potential (AEP) of a task-irrelevant stimulus. Spectral power analysis at both the scalp sensors and anatomic source levels revealed higher β-γ power specific to team flow in the left middle temporal cortex (L-MTC). Causal interaction analysis revealed that the L-MTC is downstream in information processing and receives information from areas encoding the flow or social states. The L-MTC significantly contributes to integrating information. Moreover, we found that team flow enhances global interbrain integrated information (II) and neural synchrony. We conclude that the NCs of team flow induce a distinct brain state. Our results suggest a neurocognitive mechanism to create this unique experience.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1523/eneuro.0133-21.2021DOIArticle
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc8513532/PubMed CentralArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Shehata, Mohammad0000-0003-1710-3009
Cheng, Miao0000-0003-0611-6170
Leung, Angus0000-0003-0926-5534
Tsuchiya, Naotsugu0000-0003-4216-8701
Wu, Daw-An0000-0003-4296-3369
Tseng, Chia-huei0000-0002-6385-5669
Nakauchi, Shigeki0000-0002-4954-6915
Shimojo, Shinsuke0000-0002-1290-5232
Alternate Title:Team flow is a unique brain state associated with enhanced information integration and inter-brain synchrony
Additional Information:© 2021 Shehata et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that the original work is properly attributed. Received March 29, 2021. Revision received August 19, 2021. Accepted September 7, 2021. Published online October 4, 2021. We thank Dr. Charles Yokoyama (University of Tokyo, Japan), Dr. Simone Shamay-Tsoory (University of Haifa, Israel), Dr. Katsumi Watanabe (Waseda University, Japan), and Dr. Makio Kashino (NTT Communications Science Laboratories, Japan) for their comments on this manuscript. We also thank Shota Yasunaga (Pitzer College, CA), Jessica Ye (California Institute of Technology, CA), Naomi Shroff-Mehta (Scripps College, CA), and Salma Elnagar (University of Cambridge, UK) for help with data collection and analysis and Wenqi Yan (Monash University, Australia) for preliminary data analysis with integrated information. This work was supported by the Program for Promoting the Enhancement of Research Universities funded to Toyohashi University of Technology and Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Fostering Joint International Research(B), Grant Number 18KK0280) (M.S. and S.N.), Sponsored Research by Qneuro, Inc. (M.S. and S.S.), Translational Research Institute through NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AO69A (M.S. and S.S.), and by the Japan Science and Technology (JST)-CREST Grant JPMJCR14E4 (to S.S.). M.C. is supported by the University of Hong Kong Postgraduate Scholarship Program. C.-h.T. is supported by the University of Hong Kong General Research Fund and the Cooperative Research Project Program of the Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University. N.T. is supported by Australian Research Council Discovery Projects Grants DP180104128 and DP180100396. A.L. is supported by an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship. The authors declare no competing financial interests.
Group:Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)18KK0280
Qneuro, Inc.UNSPECIFIED
NASANNX16AO69A
Japan Science and Technology AgencyJPMJCR14E4
University of Hong KongUNSPECIFIED
Tohoku UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilDP180104128
Australian Research CouncilDP180100396
Australian Government Research Training Program ScholarshipUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5
PubMed Central ID:PMC8513532
DOI:10.1523/eneuro.0133-21.2021
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211012-211828113
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211012-211828113
Official Citation:Team Flow Is a Unique Brain State Associated with Enhanced Information Integration and Interbrain Synchrony Mohammad Shehata, Miao Cheng, Angus Leung, Naotsugu Tsuchiya, Daw-An Wu, Chia-huei Tseng, Shigeki Nakauchi, Shinsuke Shimojo eNeuro 4 October 2021, 8 (5) ENEURO.0133-21.2021; DOI: 10.1523/ENEURO.0133-21.2021
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:111380
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:13 Oct 2021 16:19
Last Modified:15 Oct 2021 15:38

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