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Test beam characterization of sensor prototypes for the CMS Barrel MIP Timing Detector

Abbott, R. and Abreu, A. and Addesa, F. and Alhusseini, M. and Anderson, T. and Andreev, Y. and Apresyan, A. and Arcidiacono, R. and Arenton, M. and Auffray, E. and Bastos, D. and Bauerdick, L. A. T. and Bellan, R. and Bellato, M. and Benaglia, A. and Benettoni, M. and Bertoni, R. and Besancon, M. and Bharthuar, S. and Bornheim, A. and Brücken, E. and Butler, J. N. and Campagnari, C. and Campana, M. and Carlin, R. and Carniti, P. and Cartiglia, N. and Casarsa, M. and Cerri, O. and Checchia, P. and Chen, H. and Chidzik, S. and Chlebana, F. and Cossutti, F. and Costa, M. and Cox, B. and Dafinei, I. and De Guio, F. and Debbins, P. and Del Re, D. and Dermenev, A. and Di Marco, E. and Dilsiz, K. and Di Petrillo, K. F. and Dissertori, G. and Dogra, S. and Dosselli, U. and Dutta, I. and Caleb, F. and Fernandez Madrazo, C. and Fernandez, M. and Ferrero, M. and Flowers, Z. and Funk, W. and Gallinaro, M. and Ganjour, S. and Gardner, M. and Geurts, F. and Ghezzi, A. and Gninenko, S. and Golf, F. and Gonzalez, J. and Gotti, C. and Gray, L. and Guilloux, F. and Gundacker, S. and Hazen, E. and Hedia, S. and Heering, A. and Heller, R. and Isidori, T. and Isocrate, R. and Jaramillo, R. and Joyce, M. and Kaadze, K. and Karneyeu, A. and Kim, H. and King, J. and Kopp, G. and Korjik, M. and Koseyan, O. K. and Kozyrev, A. and Kratochwil, N. and Lazarovits, M. and Ledovskoy, A. and Lee, H. and Lee, J. and Li, A. and Li, S. and Li, W. and Liu, T. and Lu, N. and Lucchini, M. and Lustermann, W. and Madrid, C. and Malberti, M. and Mandjavize, I. and Mao, J. and Maravin, Y. and Marlow, D. and Marsh, B. and Martinez del Arbol, P. and Marzocchi, B. and Mazza, R. and McMahon, C. and Mechinsky, V. and Meridiani, P. and Mestvirishvili, A. and Minafra, N. and Mohammadi, A. and Monti, F. and Moon, C. S. and Mulargia, R. and Murray, M. and Musienko, Y. and Nachtman, J. and Nargelas, S. and Narváez, L. and Neogi, O. and Neu, C. and Niknejad, T. and Obertino, M. and Ogul, H. and Oh, G. and Ojalvo, I. and Onel, Y. and Organtini, G. and Orimoto, T. and Ott, J. and Ovtin, I. and Paganoni, M. and Pandolfi, F. and Paramatti, R. and Peck, A. and Perez, C. and Pessina, G. and Peña, C. and Pigazzini, S. and Radchenko, O. and Redaelli, N. and Rigoni, D. and Robutti, E. and Rogan, C. and Rossin, R. and Rovelli, C. and Royon, C. and Sahin, M. Ö. and Sands, W. and Santanastasio, F. and Sarica, U. and Schmidt, I. and Schmitz, R. and Sheplock, J. and Silva, J. C. and Siviero, F. and Soffi, L. and Sola, V. and Sorrentino, G. and Spiropulu, M. and Spitzbart, D. and Stahl Leiton, A. G. and Staiano, A. and Stuart, D. and Suarez, I. and Tabarelli de Fatis, T. and Tamulaitis, G. and Tang, Y. and Tannenwald, B. and Taylor, R. and Tiras, E. and Titov, M. and Tkaczyk, S. and Tlisov, D. and Tlisova, I. and Tornago, M. and Tosi, M. and Tramontano, R. and Trevor, J. and Tully, C. G. and Ujvari, B. and Varela, J. and Ventura, S. and Vila, I. and Wamorkar, T. and Wang, C. and Wang, X. and Wayne, M. and Wetzel, J. and White, S. and Winn, D. and Wu, S. and Xie, S. and Ye, Z. and Yu, G.B. and Zhang, G. and Zhang, L. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, Z. and Zhu, R. (2021) Test beam characterization of sensor prototypes for the CMS Barrel MIP Timing Detector. Journal of Instrumentation, 16 (7). Art. No. P07023. ISSN 1748-0221. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/16/07/p07023. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211015-162634751

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Abstract

The MIP Timing Detector will provide additional timing capabilities for detection of minimum ionizing particles (MIPs) at CMS during the High Luminosity LHC era, improving event reconstruction and pileup rejection. The central portion of the detector, the Barrel Timing Layer (BTL), will be instrumented with LYSO:Ce crystals and Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPMs) providing a time resolution of about 30 ps at the beginning of operation, and degrading to 50-60 ps at the end of the detector lifetime as a result of radiation damage. In this work, we present the results obtained using a 120 GeV proton beam at the Fermilab Test Beam Facility to measure the time resolution of unirradiated sensors. A proof-of-concept of the sensor layout proposed for the barrel region of the MTD, consisting of elongated crystal bars with dimensions of about 3×3×57 mm³ and with double-ended SiPM readout, is demonstrated. This design provides a robust time measurement independent of the impact point of the MIP along the crystal bar. We tested LYSO:Ce bars of different thickness (2, 3, 4 mm) with a geometry close to the reference design and coupled to SiPMs manufactured by Hamamatsu and Fondazione Bruno Kessler. The various aspects influencing the timing performance such as the crystal thickness, properties of the SiPMs (e.g. photon detection efficiency), and impact angle of the MIP are studied. A time resolution of about 28 ps is measured for MIPs crossing a 3 mm thick crystal bar, corresponding to a most probable value (MPV) of energy deposition of 2.6 MeV, and of 22 ps for the 4.2 MeV MPV energy deposition expected in the BTL, matching the detector performance target for unirradiated devices.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/16/07/p07023DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.07786arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Apresyan, A.0000-0002-6186-0130
Arcidiacono, R.0000-0001-5904-142X
Bauerdick, L. A. T.0000-0002-7170-9012
Bellan, R.0000-0002-2539-2376
Benaglia, A.0000-0003-1124-8450
Bornheim, A.0000-0002-0128-0871
Carlin, R.0000-0001-7915-1650
Cartiglia, N.0000-0002-0548-9189
Casarsa, M.0000-0002-1353-8964
Cerri, O.0000-0002-2191-0666
Checchia, P.0000-0002-8312-1531
Cossutti, F.0000-0001-5672-214X
Costa, M.0000-0003-0156-0790
De Guio, F.0000-0001-5927-8865
Del Re, D.0000-0003-0870-5796
Di Marco, E.0000-0002-5920-2438
Dissertori, G.0000-0002-4549-2569
Dogra, S.0000-0002-0812-0758
Dosselli, U.0000-0001-8086-2863
Dutta, I.0000-0003-0953-4503
Fernandez, M.0000-0002-4824-1087
Gallinaro, M.0000-0003-1261-2277
Ghezzi, A.0000-0002-8184-7953
Gninenko, S.0000-0001-6495-7619
Golf, F.0000-0003-3567-9351
Kim, H.0000-0001-9886-0487
Maravin, Y.0000-0002-9449-0666
Marlow, D.0000-0002-6395-1079
Marzocchi, B.0000-0001-6687-6214
Meridiani, P.0000-0002-8480-2259
Minafra, N.0000-0003-4002-1888
Moon, C. S.0000-0001-8229-7829
Neu, C.0000-0003-3644-8627
Obertino, M.0000-0002-8781-8192
Ogul, H.0000-0002-5121-2893
Organtini, G.0000-0002-3229-0781
Ott, J.0000-0001-8224-1956
Paganoni, M.0000-0003-2461-275X
Paramatti, R.0000-0002-0080-9550
Peña, C.0000-0002-4500-7930
Pigazzini, S.0000-0002-8046-4344
Redaelli, N.0000-0002-0098-2716
Robutti, E.0000-0001-9038-4500
Rogan, C.0000-0002-4166-4503
Rovelli, C.0000-0003-2173-7530
Sahin, M. Ö.0000-0001-6402-4050
Santanastasio, F.0000-0003-2505-8359
Sarica, U.0000-0002-1557-4424
Soffi, L.0000-0003-2532-9876
Sola, V.0000-0001-6288-951X
Spiropulu, M.0000-0001-8172-7081
Spitzbart, D.0000-0003-2025-2742
Stahl Leiton, A. G.0000-0002-5397-252X
Staiano, A.0000-0003-1803-624X
Tabarelli de Fatis, T.0000-0001-6262-4685
Tannenwald, B.0000-0002-5570-8095
Titov, M.0000-0002-1119-6614
Tosi, M.0000-0003-4050-1769
Varela, J.0000-0003-2613-3146
Ventura, S.0000-0001-7065-5342
Wetzel, J.0000-0003-4687-7302
Xie, S.0000-0003-2509-5731
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zhang, Z.0000-0002-1630-0986
Zhu, R.0000-0003-3091-7461
Additional Information:© 2021 CERN for the benefit of the CMS collaboration. Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of Sissa Medialab. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. We are grateful to the FNAL accelerator teams for providing excellent beam quality for these tests. We acknowledge the FTBF team for the support provided during data taking. We would like to thank Lorenzo Uplegger for his support with the tracking. We are also thankful to Todd Nebel and Jim Wish for their help in promptly providing mechanical solutions to arrange our setup on the beam line. We thank the technical and administrative staff at the CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. We acknowledge the support provided to the MTD project by the following funding agencies: CERN; Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland); CEA (France); NKFIH, OTKA-131991 (Hungary); INFN (Italy); NRF-2008-00460, 2018R1A6A1A06024970, 2020R1A2C1012322 (Republic of Korea); LAS (Lithuania); FCT (Portugal); MON, Rosatom, RAS, RFBR, and NRC KI (Russia); SEIDI, CPAN, PCTI, and FEDER (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); DOE and NSF (U.S.A.).
Group:CMS@Caltech
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
Helsinki Institute of PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
National Research, Development and Innovation Fund (NKFIA)UNSPECIFIED
Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA)131991
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaNRF-2008-00460
National Research Foundation of Korea2018R1A6A1A06024970
National Research Foundation of Korea2020R1A2C1012322
Lithuanian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian FederationUNSPECIFIED
RosAtomUNSPECIFIED
Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (NRCKI)UNSPECIFIED
Secretaría de Estado de Investigación Desarrollo e Innovación (SEIDI)UNSPECIFIED
Centro Nacional de Física de Partículas, Astropartículas y Nuclear (CPAN)UNSPECIFIED
Plan de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (PCTI)UNSPECIFIED
Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss Funding AgenciesUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Photon detectors for UV, visible and IR photons (solid-state) (PIN diodes, APDs, Si-PMTs, G-APDs, CCDs, EBCCDs, EMCCDs, CMOS imagers, etc); Scintillators, scintillation and light emission processes (solid, gas and liquid scintillators); Timing detectors
Issue or Number:7
DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/16/07/p07023
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211015-162634751
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211015-162634751
Official Citation:The CMS MTD collaboration et al 2021 JINST 16 P07023
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:111469
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:18 Oct 2021 17:36
Last Modified:18 Oct 2021 17:36

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