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Combined analysis of HPK 3.1 LGADs using a proton beam, beta source, and probe station towards establishing high volume quality control

Heller, R. and Abreu, A. and Apresyan, A. and Arcidiacono, R. and Cartiglia, N. and DiPetrillo, K. and Ferrero, M. and Hussain, M. and Lazarovitz, M. and Lee, H. and Los, S. and Moon, C. S. and Peña, C. and Siviero, F. and Sola, V. and Wamorkar, T. and Xie, S. (2021) Combined analysis of HPK 3.1 LGADs using a proton beam, beta source, and probe station towards establishing high volume quality control. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 1018 . Art. No. 165828. ISSN 0168-9002. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2021.165828. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211110-175321997

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Abstract

The upgrades of the CMS and ATLAS experiments for the high luminosity phase of the Large Hadron Collider will employ precision timing detectors based on Low Gain Avalanche Detectors (LGADs). We present a suite of results combining measurements from the Fermilab Test Beam Facility, a beta source telescope, and a probe station, allowing full characterization of the HPK type 3.1 production of LGAD prototypes developed for these detectors. We demonstrate that the LGAD response to high energy test beam particles is accurately reproduced with a beta source. We further establish that probe station measurements of the gain implant accurately predict the particle response and operating parameters of each sensor, and conclude that the uniformity of the gain implant in this production is sufficient to produce full-sized sensors for the ATLAS and CMS timing detectors.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2021.165828DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2104.08369arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heller, R.0000-0002-7368-6723
Apresyan, A.0000-0002-6186-0130
Cartiglia, N.0000-0002-0548-9189
DiPetrillo, K.0000-0001-8001-4602
Ferrero, M.0000-0001-9676-8222
Lazarovitz, M.0000-0002-5565-3119
Los, S.0000-0001-8637-5628
Moon, C. S.0000-0001-8229-7829
Peña, C.0000-0002-4500-7930
Siviero, F.0000-0002-4427-4076
Xie, S.0000-0003-2509-5731
Additional Information:© 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V. Received 3 April 2021, Revised 20 July 2021, Accepted 13 September 2021, Available online 23 September 2021. We thank the Fermilab accelerator’s team for very good beam conditions during our test beam time. We thank Mandy Kiburg, Evan Niner, Todd Nebel, Jim Wish, and all of the FTBF personnel for their support during the test beam experiments. We would like to thank Lorenzo Uplegger, Alan Prosser and Ryan Rivera for their critical role in establishing the FTBF tracker and its DAQ and trigger chain. We are grateful for the technical support of the Fermilab SiDet department, especially Bert Gonzalez and Michelle Jonas for the rapid production of wire-bonded and packaged LGAD assemblies, and Abhishek Bakshi for the mechanical design of the experimental structures. This document was prepared using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. Part of this work was performed within the framework of the CERN RD50 collaboration. This work was supported by the Fermilab LDRD 2017.027; by the United States Department of Energy grant DE-FG02-04ER41286; by the California Institute of Technology High Energy Physics under Contract DE-SC0011925; by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation funding program, under Grant Agreement no. 654168 (AIDA-2020) and Grant Agreement no. 669529 (ERC UFSD669529); by the Italian Ministero degli Affari Esteri and INFN Gruppo Vl; and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (Grants No. 2018R1A6A1A06024970, No. 2020R1A2C1012322 and Contract NRF-2008-00460). The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.
Group:CMS@Caltech
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Fermilab2017.027
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-04ER41286
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0011925
European Research Council (ERC)654168
European Research Council (ERC)669529
Ministero degli affari esteri e della cooperazione internazionale (MAECI)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of Korea2018R1A6A1A06024970
National Research Foundation of Korea2020R1A2C1012322
National Research Foundation of KoreaNRF-2008-00460
Subject Keywords:Silicon; Timing; LGAD; Test beam; Beta source
DOI:10.1016/j.nima.2021.165828
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211110-175321997
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211110-175321997
Official Citation:R. Heller, A. Abreu, A. Apresyan, R. Arcidiacono, N. Cartiglia, K. DiPetrillo, M. Ferrero, M. Hussain, M. Lazarovitz, H. Lee, S. Los, C.S. Moon, C. Peña, F. Siviero, V. Sola, T. Wamorkar, S. Xie, Combined analysis of HPK 3.1 LGADs using a proton beam, beta source, and probe station towards establishing high volume quality control, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 1018, 2021, 165828, ISSN 0168-9002, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2021.165828.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:111827
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 Nov 2021 18:43
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 18:43

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