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Volatile Chemical Product Enhancements to Criteria Pollutants in the United States

Seltzer, Karl M. and Murphy, Benjamin N. and Pennington, Elyse A. and Allen, Chris and Talgo, Kevin and Pye, Havala O. T. (2022) Volatile Chemical Product Enhancements to Criteria Pollutants in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 56 (11). pp. 6905-6913. ISSN 0013-936X. doi:10.1021/acs.est.1c04298. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211201-231207564

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Abstract

Volatile chemical products (VCPs) are a significant source of reactive organic carbon emissions in the United States with a substantial fraction (>20% by mass) serving as secondary organic aerosol (SOA) precursors. Here, we incorporate a new nationwide VCP inventory into the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model with VCP-specific updates to better model air quality impacts. Model results indicate that VCPs mostly enhance anthropogenic SOA in densely populated areas with population-weighted annual average SOA increasing 15–30% in Southern California and New York City due to VCP emissions (contribution of 0.2–0.5 μg m⁻³). Annually, VCP emissions enhance total population-weighted PM_(2.5) by ∼5% in California, ∼3% in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, and 1–2% in most other states. While the maximum daily 8 h ozone enhancements from VCP emissions are more modest, their influence can cause a several ppb increase on select days in major cities. Printing Inks, Cleaning Products, and Paints and Coatings product use categories contribute ∼75% to the modeled VCP-derived SOA and Cleaning Products, Paints and Coatings, and Personal Care Products contribute ∼81% to the modeled VCP-derived ozone. Overall, VCPs enhance multiple criteria pollutants throughout the United States with the largest impacts in urban cores.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.1c04298DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Seltzer, Karl M.0000-0002-2175-5678
Murphy, Benjamin N.0000-0003-3542-5378
Pennington, Elyse A.0000-0003-1736-2342
Pye, Havala O. T.0000-0002-2014-2140
Additional Information:© 2021 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Received: June 30, 2021; Revised: October 14, 2021; Accepted: October 18, 2021; Published: November 15, 2021. This research was supported in part by an appointment to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Research Participation Program administered by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) through an interagency agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. ORISE is managed by ORAU under DOE contract number DE-SC0014664. The authors would like to thank Venkatesh Rao, Alison Eyth, Wyat Appel, Heather Simon, Norm Possiel, Art Diem, and George Pouliot at the U.S. EPA, Kyriacos Kyriacou at the California Air Resources Board, and Georgios Gkatzelis, Carsten Warneke, and Matthew Coggon at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Chemical Sciences Laboratory/Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences at the University of Colorado, Boulder, for helpful discussions and/or data acquisition. Comments by Heather Simon (EPA), Ivan Piletic (EPA), and three anonymous reviewers served to strengthen this manuscript. Author Contributions: K.M.S. and H.O.T.P. designed the research scope. All authors participated in data curation, model development, and/or analysis. K.M.S. and H.O.T.P. drafted the initial manuscript, and all authors contributed to subsequent drafts. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript. All opinions expressed in this paper are of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies and views of US EPA, DOE, or ORAU/ORISE. EPA does not endorse any products or commercial services mentioned in this publication. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0014664
Subject Keywords:volatile chemical products; reactive organic carbon; secondary organic aerosol; ozone; PM2.5; air quality impacts
Issue or Number:11
DOI:10.1021/acs.est.1c04298
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211201-231207564
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20211201-231207564
Official Citation:Volatile Chemical Product Enhancements to Criteria Pollutants in the United States Karl M. Seltzer, Benjamin N. Murphy, Elyse A. Pennington, Chris Allen, Kevin Talgo, and Havala O. T. Pye. Environmental Science & Technology 2022 56 (11), 6905-6913; DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.1c04298
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:112150
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:02 Dec 2021 21:27
Last Modified:28 Jun 2022 19:57

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