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Flexible Electronics and Devices as Human–Machine Interfaces for Medical Robotics

Heng, Wenzheng and Solomon, Samuel and Gao, Wei (2022) Flexible Electronics and Devices as Human–Machine Interfaces for Medical Robotics. Advanced Materials, 34 (16). Art. No. 2107902. ISSN 0935-9648. PMCID PMC9035141. doi:10.1002/adma.202107902.

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Medical robots are invaluable players in non-pharmaceutical treatment of disabilities. Particularly, using prosthetic and rehabilitation devices with human–machine interfaces can greatly improve the quality of life for impaired patients. In recent years, flexible electronic interfaces and soft robotics have attracted tremendous attention in this field due to their high biocompatibility, functionality, conformability, and low-cost. Flexible human–machine interfaces on soft robotics will make a promising alternative to conventional rigid devices, which can potentially revolutionize the paradigm and future direction of medical robotics in terms of rehabilitation feedback and user experience. In this review, the fundamental components of the materials, structures, and mechanisms in flexible human-machine interfaces are summarized by recent and renowned applications in five primary areas: physical and chemical sensing, physiological recording, information processing and communication, soft robotic actuation, and feedback stimulation. This review further concludes by discussing the outlook and current challenges of these technologies as a human–machine interface in medical robotics.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Gao, Wei0000-0002-8503-4562
Additional Information:© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH. Issue Online: 21 April 2022; Version of Record online: 25 February 2022; Accepted manuscript online: 12 December 2021; Manuscript revised: 08 December 2021; Manuscript received: 02 October 2021. W.H. and S.S. contributed equally to this work. This project was supported by the National Institutes of Health grant R01HL155815, the Office of Naval Research grants N00014-21-1-2483 and N00014-21-1-2845, the Translational Research Institute for Space Health through NASA NNX16AO69A, the Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program grant R01RG3746, and the Carver Mead New Adventures Fund at California Institute of Technology. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-21-1-2483
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-21-1-2845
California Tobacco-Related Disease Research ProgramR01RG3746
Carver Mead New Adventures FundUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:flexible electronics; human-machine interaction; machine learning; medical robotics; prosthetics; rehabilitation
Issue or Number:16
PubMed Central ID:PMC9035141
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211213-518563000
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Heng, W., Solomon, S., Gao, W., Flexible Electronics and Devices as Human–Machine Interfaces for Medical Robotics. Adv. Mater. 2022, 34, 2107902.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:112380
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:13 Dec 2021 22:11
Last Modified:26 Apr 2022 17:38

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