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The Next Generation Global Gravitational Wave Observatory: The Science Book

Kalogera, Vicky and Sathyaprakash, B. S. and Bailes, Matthew and Bizouard, Marie-Anne and Buonanno, Alessandra and Burrows, Adam and Colpi, Monica and Evans, Matthew and Fairhurst, Stephen and Hild, Stefan and Kasliwal, Mansi M. and Lehner, Luis and Mandel, Ilya and Mandic, Vuk and Nissanke, Samaya and Papa, Maria Alessandra and Reddy, Sanjay and Rosswog, Stephan and Van Den Broeck, Chris and Ajith, P. and Anand, Shreya G. and Andreoni, Igor and Arun, K. G. and Barausse, Enrico and Baryakhtar, Masha and Belgacem, Enis and Berry, Christopher P. L. and Bertacca, Daniele and Brito, Richard and Caprini, Chiara and Chatziioannou, Katerina and Coughlin, Michael and Cusin, Giulia and Dietrich, Tim and Dirian, Yves and East, William E. and Fan, Xilong and Figueroa, Daniel and Foffa, Stefano and Ghosh, Archisman and Hall, Evan and Harms, Jan and Harry, Ian and Hinderer, Tanja and Janka, Thomas and Justham, Stephen and Kasen, Dan and Kotake, Kei and Lovelace, Geoffrey and Maggiore, Michele and Mangiagli, Alberto and Mapelli, Michela and Maselli, Andrea and Matas, Andrew and McIver, Jess and Messer, Bronson and Mezzacappa, Tony and Mills, Cameron and Mueller, Bernhard and Müller, Ewald and Pürrer, Michael and Pani, Paolo and Pratten, Geraint and Regimbau, Tania and Sakellariadou, Mairi and Schneider, Raffaella and Sesana, Alberto and Shao, Lijing and Sotiriou, P. Thomas and Tamanini, Nicola and Tauris, Thomas M. and Thrane, Eric and Valiante, Rosa and van de Meent, Maarten and Varma, Vijay and Vines, Justin and Vitale, Salvatore and Yang, Huan and Yunes, Nicolas and Zumalacarregui, Miguel and Punturo, Michele and Reitze, David and Couvares, Peter and Katsanevas, Stavros and Kajita, Takaaki and Lueck, Harald and McClelland, David and Rowan, Sheila and Sanders, Gary and Shoemaker, David and van den Brand, Jo (2021) The Next Generation Global Gravitational Wave Observatory: The Science Book. . (Unpublished)

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The next generation of ground-based gravitational-wave detectors will observe coalescences of black holes and neutron stars throughout the cosmos, thousands of them with exceptional fidelity. The Science Book is the result of a 3-year effort to study the science capabilities of networks of next generation detectors. Such networks would make it possible to address unsolved problems in numerous areas of physics and astronomy, from Cosmology to Beyond the Standard Model of particle physics, and how they could provide insights into workings of strongly gravitating systems, astrophysics of compact objects and the nature of dense matter. It is inevitable that observatories of such depth and finesse will make new discoveries inaccessible to other windows of observation. In addition to laying out the rich science potential of the next generation of detectors, this report provides specific science targets in five different areas in physics and astronomy and the sensitivity requirements to accomplish those science goals. This report is the second in a six part series of reports by the GWIC 3G Subcommittee: i) Expanding the Reach of Gravitational Wave Observatories to the Edge of the Universe, ii) The Next Generation Global Gravitational Wave Observatory: The Science Book (this report), iii) 3G R&D: R&D for the Next Generation of Ground-based Gravitational Wave Detectors, iv) Gravitational Wave Data Analysis: Computing Challenges in the 3G Era, v) Future Ground-based Gravitational-wave Observatories: Synergies with Other Scientific Communities, and vi) An Exploration of Possible Governance Models for the Future Global Gravitational-Wave Observatory Network.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Kalogera, Vicky0000-0001-9236-5469
Sathyaprakash, B. S.0000-0003-3845-7586
Bailes, Matthew0000-0003-3294-3081
Bizouard, Marie-Anne0000-0002-4618-1674
Burrows, Adam0000-0002-3099-5024
Evans, Matthew0000-0001-8459-4499
Kasliwal, Mansi M.0000-0002-5619-4938
Mandel, Ilya0000-0002-6134-8946
Nissanke, Samaya0000-0001-6573-7773
Ajith, P.0000-0001-7519-2439
Anand, Shreya G.0000-0003-3768-7515
Andreoni, Igor0000-0002-8977-1498
Barausse, Enrico0000-0001-6499-6263
Berry, Christopher P. L.0000-0003-3870-7215
Brito, Richard0000-0002-7807-3053
Chatziioannou, Katerina0000-0002-5833-413X
Coughlin, Michael0000-0002-8262-2924
Dietrich, Tim0000-0003-2374-307X
East, William E.0000-0002-9017-6215
Ghosh, Archisman0000-0003-0423-3533
Hall, Evan0000-0001-9018-666X
Harms, Jan0000-0002-7332-9806
Hinderer, Tanja0000-0002-3394-6105
Kasen, Dan0000-0002-5981-1022
Lovelace, Geoffrey0000-0002-7084-1070
Matas, Andrew0000-0001-6299-7414
McIver, Jess0000-0003-0316-1355
Pürrer, Michael0000-0002-3329-9788
Pani, Paolo0000-0003-4443-1761
Shao, Lijing0000-0002-1334-8853
Tauris, Thomas M.0000-0002-3865-7265
Thrane, Eric0000-0002-4418-3895
Varma, Vijay0000-0002-9994-1761
Vitale, Salvatore0000-0003-2700-0767
Yang, Huan0000-0002-8757-5733
Yunes, Nicolas0000-0001-6147-1736
Reitze, David0000-0002-5756-1111
Shoemaker, David0000-0002-4147-2560
Additional Information:This document was produced by the GWIC 3G Committee, the GWIC 3G Science Case Team and the International 3G Science Team Consortium. Final release, April 2021.
Group:Astronomy Department, LIGO
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211213-224956515
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:112387
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:14 Dec 2021 02:55
Last Modified:02 Jun 2023 01:20

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