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The large-scale environment of thermonuclear and core-collapse supernovae

Tsaprazi, Eleni and Jasche, Jens and Goobar, Ariel and Peiris, Hiranya V. and Andreoni, Igor and Coughlin, Michael W. and Fremling, Christoffer U. and Graham, Matthew J. and Kasliwal, Mansi and Kulkarni, Shri R. and Mahabal, Ashish A. and Riddle, Reed and Sollerman, Jesper and Tzanidakis, Anastasios (2022) The large-scale environment of thermonuclear and core-collapse supernovae. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 510 (1). pp. 366-372. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/stab3525.

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The new generation of wide-field time-domain surveys has made it feasible to study the clustering of supernova (SN) host galaxies in the large-scale structure (LSS) for the first time. We investigate the LSS environment of SN populations, using 106 dark matter density realisations with a resolution of ∼3.8 Mpc, constrained by the 2M+ + galaxy survey. We limit our analysis to redshift z < 0.036, using samples of 498 thermonuclear and 782 core-collapse SNe from the Zwicky Transient Facility’s Bright Transient Survey and Census of the Local Universe catalogues. We detect clustering of SNe with high significance; the observed clustering of the two SNe populations is consistent with each other. Further, the clustering of SN hosts is consistent with that of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey DR12 spectroscopic galaxy sample in the same redshift range. Using a tidal shear classifier, we classify the LSS into voids, sheets, filaments, and knots. We find that both SNe and SDSS galaxies are predominantly found in sheets and filaments. SNe are significantly under-represented in voids and over-represented in knots compared to the volume fraction in these structures. This work opens the potential for using forthcoming wide-field deep SN surveys as a complementary LSS probe.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper ItemAquila Consortium ItemSDSS-III ItemData
Tsaprazi, Eleni0000-0001-5082-4380
Jasche, Jens0000-0002-4677-5843
Goobar, Ariel0000-0002-4163-4996
Peiris, Hiranya V.0000-0002-2519-584X
Andreoni, Igor0000-0002-8977-1498
Coughlin, Michael W.0000-0002-8262-2924
Fremling, Christoffer U.0000-0002-4223-103X
Graham, Matthew J.0000-0002-3168-0139
Kasliwal, Mansi0000-0002-5619-4938
Kulkarni, Shri R.0000-0001-5390-8563
Mahabal, Ashish A.0000-0003-2242-0244
Riddle, Reed0000-0002-0387-370X
Sollerman, Jesper0000-0003-1546-6615
Tzanidakis, Anastasios0000-0003-0484-3331
Additional Information:© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Accepted 2021 December 1. Received 2021 December 1; in original form 2021 August 17. Published: 04 December 2021. We thank the anonymous referee for the useful comments. ET thanks Guilhem Lavaux and Suvodip Mukherjee for helpful discussions and access to the peculiar velocity data; and Florent Leclercq and Natalia Porqueres for providing test data during the early stages of this work. HVP thanks Daniel Mortlock for helpful discussions regarding the statistical formalism. This work has been enabled by support from the research project grant ‘Understanding the Dynamic Universe’ funded by the Knut and Alice Wallenberg under Dnr KAW 2018.0067. JJ acknowledges support by the Swedish Research Council (VR) under the project 2020-05143 – ‘Deciphering the Dynamics of Cosmic Structure’. AG acknowledges support from the Swedish Research Council under Dnr VR 2020-03444. HVP was partially supported by the research project grant ‘Fundamental Physics from Cosmological Surveys’ funded by VR under Dnr 2017-04212. This work uses products of the Aquila Consortium ( This study is based on observations obtained with the Samuel Oschin 48-inch Telescope at the Palomar Observatory as part of the Zwicky Transient Facility project. ZTF is supported by the National Science Foundation under grant number AST-1440341 and a collaboration including Caltech, IPAC, the Weizmann Institute for Science, the Oskar Klein Centre at Stockholm University, the University of Maryland, the University of Washington, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, and Humboldt University, Los Alamos National Laboratories, the TANGO Consortium of Taiwan, the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. Operations are conducted by COO, IPAC, and UW. This work makes use of public data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. The SDSS-III web site is SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University. Author Contributions: The main roles of the authors were, using the CRediT (Contribution Roles Taxonomy) system ( ET: Conceptualisation, methodology, software, formal analysis, writing – original draft. JJ: Data, software, resources, validation, supervision, writing – review, funding acquisition. AG: Data, conceptualisation, writing – review & editing, supervision, funding acquisition. HVP: Conceptualisation, methodology, software, validation, writing – review & editing, funding acquisition. In alphabetical order: IA, MWC, CUF, MJG, MK, SRK, AAM, RR, JS, AT: Data curation. Data Availability: The SN data underlying this article are available in
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), Astronomy Department, Zwicky Transient Facility
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationKAW 2018.0067
Swedish Research Council2020-05143
Swedish Research Council2020-03444
Swedish Research Council2017-04212
ZTF partner institutionsUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:(stars:) supernovae: general – (cosmology:) large-scale structure of Universe
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20211213-225020664
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Eleni Tsaprazi, Jens Jasche, Ariel Goobar, Hiranya V Peiris, Igor Andreoni, Michael W Coughlin, Christoffer U Fremling, Matthew J Graham, Mansi Kasliwal, Shri R Kulkarni, Ashish A Mahabal, Reed Riddle, Jesper Sollerman, Anastasios Tzanidakis, The large-scale environment of thermonuclear and core-collapse supernovae, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 510, Issue 1, February 2022, Pages 366–372,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:112394
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:15 Dec 2021 22:12
Last Modified:04 Jan 2022 21:54

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