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BASS XXXI: Outflow scaling relations in low redshift X-ray AGN host galaxies with MUSE

Kakkad, D. and Sani, E. and Rojas, A. F. and Mallmann, Nicolas D. and Veilleux, S. and Bauer, Franz E. and Ricci, F. and Mushotsky, R. and Koss, M. and Ricci, C. and Treister, E. and Privon, George C. and Nguyen, N. and Bär, R. and Harrison, F. and Oh, K. and Powell, M. and Riffel, R. and Stern, D. and Trakhtenbrot, B. and Urry, C. M. (2022) BASS XXXI: Outflow scaling relations in low redshift X-ray AGN host galaxies with MUSE. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 511 (2). pp. 2105-2124. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/stac103. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220119-234010540

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Abstract

Ionized gas kinematics provide crucial evidence of the impact that active galactic nuclei (AGNs) have in regulating star formation in their host galaxies. Although the presence of outflows in AGN host galaxies has been firmly established, the calculation of outflow properties such as mass outflow rates and kinetic energy remains challenging. We present the [O III]λ5007 ionized gas outflow properties of 22 z<0.1 X-ray AGN, derived from the BAT AGN Spectroscopic Survey using MUSE/VLT. With an average spatial resolution of 1 arcsec (0.1–1.2 kpc), the observations resolve the ionized gas clouds down to sub-kiloparsec scales. Resolved maps show that the [O III] velocity dispersion is, on average, higher in regions ionized by the AGN, compared to star formation. We calculate the instantaneous outflow rates in individual MUSE spaxels by constructing resolved mass outflow rate maps, incorporating variable outflow density and velocity. We compare the instantaneous values with time-averaged outflow rates by placing mock fibres and slits on the MUSE field-of-view, a method often used in the literature. The instantaneous outflow rates (0.2–275 M⊙ yr⁻¹) tend to be two orders of magnitude higher than the time-averaged outflow rates (0.001–40 M⊙ yr⁻¹). The outflow rates correlate with the AGN bolometric luminosity (L_(bol) ∼ 10^(42.71)–10^(45.62) erg s⁻¹) but we find no correlations with black hole mass (10^(6.1)–10^(8.9) M⊙), Eddington ratio (0.002–1.1), and radio luminosity (10²¹–10²⁶ W Hz⁻¹). We find the median coupling between the kinetic energy and L_(bol) to be 1 per cent, consistent with the theoretical predictions for an AGN-driven outflow.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stac103DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2201.04149arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kakkad, D.0000-0002-2603-2639
Rojas, A. F.0000-0003-0006-8681
Mallmann, Nicolas D.0000-0001-9159-004X
Veilleux, S.0000-0002-3158-6820
Bauer, Franz E.0000-0002-8686-8737
Ricci, F.0000-0001-5742-5980
Koss, M.0000-0002-7998-9581
Ricci, C.0000-0001-5231-2645
Treister, E.0000-0001-7568-6412
Privon, George C.0000-0003-3474-1125
Bär, R.0000-0001-5481-8607
Harrison, F.0000-0003-2992-8024
Oh, K.0000-0002-5037-951X
Powell, M.0000-0003-2284-8603
Riffel, R.0000-0002-1321-1320
Stern, D.0000-0003-2686-9241
Trakhtenbrot, B.0000-0002-3683-7297
Urry, C. M.0000-0002-0745-9792
Additional Information:© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society. This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model). Accepted 2022 January 10. Received 2022 January 10; in original form 2021 August 13. Published: 17 January 2022. We thank the referee for their useful suggestions. ET and FEB acknowledge support from Agencia Nacional de Investigacion y Desarrollo (ANID) grants CATA-Basal AFB-170002 and FB210003 and Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Cientifico y Technologico (FONDECYT) Regular grant 1190818. ET acknowledges support from ANID Anillo ACT172033 and Millennium Nucleus NCN19_058 (TITANs). FEB acknowledges support from FONDECYT regular grant 1200495, Millennium Science Initiative ICN12_009. ARL acknowledges support from FONDECYT Postdoctorado project No. 3210157. MK acknowledges support from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) through Astrophysics Data Analysis Programme (ADAP) award NNH16CT03C. KO acknowledges support from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2020R1C1C1005462). CR acknowledges support from the Fondecyt Iniciacion grant 11190831 and ANID BASAL project FB210003. BT acknowledges support from the Israel Science Foundation (grant number 1849/19) and from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement number 950533). DK, ES, NDM, and NG acknowledge the support from ESO for their studentship programme and Science Support Discretionary Funds. NDM and NG are grateful for the hospitality by ESO-Chile. FR acknowledges support from Progetti di Ricerca di Interesse Nazionale (PRIN) MIUR 2017 project ‘Black Hole winds and the Baryon Life Cycle of galaxies: the stone-guest at the galaxy evolution supper’, contract 2017PH3WAT. RR thanks Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, Proj. 311223/2020-6, 304927/2017-1, and 400352/2016-8), Fundação de amparo ’a pesquisa do Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS, Proj. 16/2551-0000251-7 and 19/1750-2), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES, Proj. 0001). Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programmes 60.A-9100(K), 60.A-9339(A), 094.B-298, 094.B-0321, 094.B-0345, 095.B-0015, 095.B-0482, 095.B-0532, 095.B-0934, 096.D-0263, 096.B-0309, 097.B-0080, 097.D-0408, 099.B-0137, 0100.B-0116. Data Availability: All the raw data analysed in this paper are publicly available in the ESO archive. The respective programme IDs from which these data are obtained are mentioned in the footnote in Section 2.
Group:Astronomy Department, Space Radiation Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
BASAL-CATAAFB-170002
BASAL-CATAFB210003
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1190818
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (ANID)ACT172033
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (ANID)NCN19_058
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1200495
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT)ICN12_009
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)3210157
NASANNH16CT03C
National Research Foundation of KoreaNRF-2020R1C1C1005462
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)11190831
Israel Science Foundation1849/19
European Research Council (ERC)950533
European Southern Observatory (ESO)UNSPECIFIED
Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca (MIUR)2017PH3WAT
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)311223/2020-6
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)304927/2017-1
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)400352/2016-8
Fundação de Amparo à pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS)16/2551-0000251-7
Fundação de Amparo à pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS)19/1750-2
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)0001
Subject Keywords:galaxies: active – galaxies: evolution – galaxies: kinematics and dynamics – galaxies: nuclei – galaxies: Seyfert
Issue or Number:2
DOI:10.1093/mnras/stac103
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220119-234010540
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220119-234010540
Official Citation:D Kakkad, E Sani, A F Rojas, Nicolas D Mallmann, S Veilleux, Franz E Bauer, F Ricci, R Mushotzky, M Koss, C Ricci, E Treister, George C Privon, N Nguyen, R Bär, F Harrison, K Oh, M Powell, R Riffel, D Stern, B Trakhtenbrot, C M Urry, BASS XXXI: Outflow scaling relations in low redshift X-ray AGN host galaxies with MUSE, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 511, Issue 2, April 2022, Pages 2105–2124, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stac103
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:113012
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:20 Jan 2022 17:17
Last Modified:22 Mar 2022 19:11

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