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Science Goals and Mission Architecture of the Europa Lander Mission Concept

Hand, K. P. and Phillips, C. B. and Murray, A. and Garvin, J. B. and Maize, E. H. and Gibbs, R. G. and Reeves, G. and San Martin, A. M. and Tan-Wang, G. H. and Krajewski, J. and Hurst, K. and Crum, R. and Kennedy, B. A. and McElrath, T. P. and Gallon, J. C. and Sabahi, D. and Thurman, S. W. and Goldstein, B. and Estabrook, P. and Lee, S. W. and Dooley, J. A. and Brinckerhoff, W. B. and Edgett, K. S. and German, C. R. and Hoehler, T. M. and Hörst, S. M. and Lunine, J. I. and Paranicas, C. and Nealson, K. and Smith, D. E. and Templeton, A. S. and Russell, M. J. and Schmidt, B. and Christner, B. and Ehlmann, B. and Hayes, A. and Rhoden, A. and Willis, P. and Yingst, R. A. and Craft, K. and Cameron, M. E. and Nordheim, T. and Pitesky, J. and Scully, J. and Hofgartner, J. and Sell, S. W. and Barltrop, K. J. and Izraelevitz, J. and Brandon, E. J. and Seong, J. and Jones, J.-P. and Pasalic, J. and Billings, K. J. and Ruiz, J. P. and Bugga, R. V. and Graham, D. and Arenas, L. A. and Takeyama, D. and Drummond, M. and Aghazarian, H. and Andersen, A. J. and Andersen, K. B. and Anderson, E. W. and Babuscia, A. and Backes, P. G. and Bailey, E. S. and Balentine, D. and Ballard, C. G. and Berisford, D. F. and Bhandari, P. and Blackwood, K. and Bolotin, G. S. and Bovre, E. A. and Bowkett, J. and Boykins, K. T. and Bramble, M. S. and Brice, T. M. and Briggs, P. and Brinkman, A. P. and Brooks, S. M. and Buffington, B. B. and Burns, B. and Cable, M. L. and Campagnola, S. and Cangahuala, L. A. and Carr, G. A. and Casani, J. R. and Chahat, N. E. and Chamberlain-Simon, B. K. and Cheng, Y. and Chien, S. A. and Cook, B. T. and Cooper, M. and DiNicola, M. and Clement, B. and Dean, Z. and Cullimore, E. A. and Curtis, A. G. and de la Croix, J.-P. and Di Pasquale, P. and Dodd, E. M. and Dubord, L. A. and Edlund, J. A. and Ellyin, R. and Emanuel, B. and Foster, J. T. and Ganino, A. J. and Garner, G. J. and Gibson, M. T. and Gildner, M. and Glazebrook, K. J. and Greco, M. E. and Green, W. M. and Hatch, S. J. and Hetzel, M. M. and Hoey, W. A. and Hofmann, A. E. and Ionasescu, R. and Jain, A. and Jasper, J. D. and Johannesen, J. R. and Johnson, G. K. and Jun, I. and Katake, A. B. and Kim-Castet, S. Y. and Kim, D. I. and Kim, W. and Klonicki, E. F. and Kobeissi, B. and Kobie, B. D. and Kochocki, J. and Kokorowski, M. and Kosberg, J. A. and Kriechbaum, K. and Kulkarni, T. P. and Lam, R. L. and Landau, D. F. and Lattimore, M. A. and Laubach, S. L. and Lawler, C. R. and Lim, G. and Lin, J. Y. and Litwin, T. E. and Lo, M. W. and Logan, C. A. and Maghasoudi, E. and Mandrake, L. and Marchetti, Y. and Marteau, E. and Maxwell, K. A. and Mc Namee, J. B. and Mcintyre, O. and Meacham, M. and Melko, J. P. and Mueller, J. and Muliere, D. A. and Mysore, A. and Nash, J. and Ono, H. and Parker, J. M. and Perkins, R. C. and Petropoulos, A. E. and Gaut, A. and Piette Gomez, M. Y. and Casillas, R. P. and Preudhomme, M. and Pyrzak, G. and Rapinchuk, J. and Ratliff, J. M. and Ray, T. L. and Roberts, E. T. and Roffo, K. and Roth, D. C. and Russino, J. A. and Schmidt, T. M. and Schoppers, M. J. and Senent, J. S. and Serricchio, F. and Sheldon, D. J. and Shiraishi, L. R. and Shirvanian, J. and Siegel, K. J. and Singh, G. and Sirota, A. R. and Skulsky, E. D. and Stehly, J. S. and Strange, N. J. and Stevens, S. U. and Sunada, E. T. and Tepsuporn, S. P. and Tosi, L. P. C. and Trawny, N. and Uchenik, I. and Verma, V. and Volpe, R. A. and Wagner, C. T. and Wang, D. and Willson, R. G. and Wolff, J. L. and Wong, A. T. and Zimmer, A. K. and Sukhatme, K. G. and Bago, K. A. and Chen, Y. and Deardorff, A. M. and Kuch, R. S. and Lim, C. and Syvertson, M. L. and Arakaki, G. A. and Avila, A. and DeBruin, K. J. and Frick, A. and Harris, J. R. and Heverly, M. C. and Kawata, J. M. and Kim, S.-K. and Kipp, D. M. and Murphy, J. and Smith, M. W. and Spaulding, M. D. and Thakker, R. and Warner, N. Z. and Yahnker, C. R. and Young, M. E. and Magner, T. and Adams, D. and Bedini, P. and Mehr, L. and Sheldon, C. and Vernon, S. and Bailey, V. and Briere, M. and Butler, M. and Davis, A. and Ensor, S. and Gannon, M. and Haapala-Chalk, A. and Hartka, T. and Holdridge, M. and Hong, A. and Hunt, J. and Iskow, J. and Kahler, F. and Murray, K. and Napolillo, D. and Norkus, M. and Pfisterer, R. and Porter, J. and Roth, D. and Schwartz, P. and Wolfarth, L. and Cardiff, E. H. and Davis, A. and Grob, E. W. and Adam, J. R. and Betts, E. and Norwood, J. and Heller, M. M. and Voskuilen, T. and Sakievich, P. and Gray, L. and Hansen, D. J. and Irick, K. W. and Hewson, J. C. and Lamb, J. and Stacy, S. C. and Brotherton, C. M. and Tappan, A. S. and Benally, D. and Thigpen, H. and Ortiz, E. and Sandoval, D. and Ison, A. M. and Warren, M. and Stromberg, P. G. and Thelen, P. M. and Blasy, B. and Nandy, P. and Haddad, A. W. and Trujillo, L. B. and Wiseley, T. H. and Bell, S. A. and Teske, N. P. and Post, C. and Torres-Castro, L. and Grosso, C. and Wasiolek, M. (2022) Science Goals and Mission Architecture of the Europa Lander Mission Concept. Planetary Science Journal, 3 (1). Art. No. 22. ISSN 2632-3338. doi:10.3847/psj/ac4493.

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Europa is a premier target for advancing both planetary science and astrobiology, as well as for opening a new window into the burgeoning field of comparative oceanography. The potentially habitable subsurface ocean of Europa may harbor life, and the globally young and comparatively thin ice shell of Europa may contain biosignatures that are readily accessible to a surface lander. Europa’s icy shell also offers the opportunity to study tectonics and geologic cycles across a range of mechanisms and compositions. Here we detail the goals and mission architecture of the Europa Lander mission concept, as developed from 2015 through 2020. The science was developed by the 2016 Europa Lander Science Definition Team (SDT), and the mission architecture was developed by the preproject engineering team, in close collaboration with the SDT. In 2017 and 2018, the mission concept passed its mission concept review and delta-mission concept review, respectively. Since that time, the preproject has been advancing the technologies, and developing the hardware and software, needed to retire risks associated with technology, science, cost, and schedule.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Hand, K. P.0000-0002-3225-9426
Phillips, C. B.0000-0001-8914-9562
Garvin, J. B.0000-0003-1606-5645
Maize, E. H.0000-0003-4009-4761
Reeves, G.0000-0002-7985-8098
Hurst, K.0000-0002-3822-4689
Brinckerhoff, W. B.0000-0001-5121-2634
Edgett, K. S.0000-0001-7197-5751
German, C. R.0000-0002-3417-6413
Hoehler, T. M.0000-0002-3969-5642
Hörst, S. M.0000-0003-4596-0702
Lunine, J. I.0000-0003-2279-4131
Paranicas, C.0000-0002-4391-8255
Smith, D. E.0000-0003-3104-2169
Templeton, A. S.0000-0002-9670-0647
Russell, M. J.0000-0003-2412-262X
Ehlmann, B.0000-0002-2745-3240
Willis, P.0000-0001-5394-1101
Cameron, M. E.0000-0001-7552-3314
Nordheim, T.0000-0001-5888-4636
Scully, J.0000-0001-7139-8050
Hofgartner, J.0000-0002-6517-3864
Brandon, E. J.0000-0001-6106-7645
Andersen, A. J.0000-0002-2966-3364
Backes, P. G.0000-0002-4944-5276
Bailey, E. S.0000-0002-4769-8253
Cable, M. L.0000-0002-3680-302X
Cheng, Y.0000-0002-5437-0504
Jun, I.0000-0001-5663-8888
Adams, D.0000-0001-9897-9680
Additional Information:© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 2021 February 11; revised 2021 December 13; accepted 2021 December 16; published 2022 January 26. K.P.H., C.B.P., E.M., and all authors affiliated with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory carried out this research at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (grant No. 80NM0018D0004). J.I.L. was the David Baltimore Distinguished Visiting Scientist during the preparation of the SDT report. JPL/Caltech2021. All rights reserved.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:Europa; Ocean planets; Astrobiology; Biosignatures
Issue or Number:1
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Europa (2189); Ocean planets (1151); Astrobiology (74); Biosignatures (2018)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220203-317686000
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Official Citation:K. P. Hand et al 2022 Planet. Sci. J. 3 22
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:113252
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:04 Feb 2022 18:49
Last Modified:04 Feb 2022 18:49

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