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Building a Quantum Engineering Undergraduate Program

Asfaw, Abraham and Blais, Alexandre and Brown, Kenneth R. and Candelaria, Jonathan and Cantwell, Christopher and Carr, Lincoln D. and Combes, Joshua and Debroy, Dripto M. and Donohue, John M. and Economou, Sophia E. and Edwards, Emily and Fox, Michael F. J. and Girvin, Steven M. and Ho, Alan and Hurst, Hilary M. and Jacob, Zubin and Johnson, Blake R. and Johnston-Halperin, Ezekiel and Joynt, Robert and Kapit, Eliot and Klein-Seetharaman, Judith and Laforest, Martin and Lewandowski, H. J. and Lynn, Theresa W. and McRae, Corey Rae H. and Merzbacher, Celia and Michalakis, Spyridon and Narang, Prineha and Oliver, William D. and Palsberg, Jens and Pappas, David P. and Raymer, Michael G. and Reilly, David J. and Saffman, Mark and Searles, Thomas A. and Shapiro, Jeffrey H. and Singh, Chandralekha (2022) Building a Quantum Engineering Undergraduate Program. IEEE Transactions on Education, 65 (2). pp. 220-242. ISSN 0018-9359. doi:10.1109/te.2022.3144943.

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Contribution: A roadmap is provided for building a quantum engineering education program to satisfy U.S. national and international workforce needs. Background: The rapidly growing quantum information science and engineering (QISE) industry will require both quantum-aware and quantum-proficient engineers at the bachelor's level. Research Question: What is the best way to provide a flexible framework that can be tailored for the full academic ecosystem? Methodology: A workshop of 480 QISE researchers from across academia, government, industry, and national laboratories was convened to draw on best practices; representative authors developed this roadmap. Findings: 1) For quantum-aware engineers, design of a first quantum engineering course, accessible to all STEM students, is described; 2) for the education and training of quantum-proficient engineers, both a quantum engineering minor accessible to all STEM majors, and a quantum track directly integrated into individual engineering majors are detailed, requiring only three to four newly developed courses complementing existing STEM classes; 3) a conceptual QISE course for implementation at any postsecondary institution, including community colleges and military schools, is delineated; 4) QISE presents extraordinary opportunities to work toward rectifying issues of inclusivity and equity that continue to be pervasive within engineering. A plan to do so is presented, as well as how quantum engineering education offers an excellent set of education research opportunities; and 5) a hands-on training plan on quantum hardware is outlined, a key component of any quantum engineering program, with a variety of technologies, including optics, atoms and ions, cryogenic and solid-state technologies, nanofabrication, and control and readout electronics.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Carr, Lincoln D.0000-0002-4848-7941
Michalakis, Spyridon0000-0003-4963-1156
Additional Information:© 2022 The Author(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Manuscript received August 3, 2021; revised November 19, 2021; accepted November 28, 2021. Date of publication February 4, 2022; date of current version May 5, 2022. This work was supported in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant EEC-2110432. The work of Alexandre Blais was supported by the Canada First Research Excellence Fund. The work of Lincoln D. Carr, Hilary M. Hurst, Eliot Kapit, and Theresa W. Lynn was supported by NSF QLCI-CG under Grant OMA-1936835. The work of Sophia E. Economou, Steven M. Girvin, and Thomas A. Searles was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, National Quantum Information Science Research Centers, Co-Design Center for Quantum Advantage (C2QA) under Contract DE-SC0012704. The work of Ezekiel Johnston-Halperin was supported by NSF C-ACCEL under Grant 2040581. The work of H. J. Lewandowski was supported by NSF QLCI under Grant OMA-2016244. The work of Corey Rae H. McRae and David P. Pappas was supported by NIST NQI and QIS efforts, as well as the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, National Quantum Information Science Research Centers, Superconducting Quantum Materials and Systems Center (SQMS) under Contract DE-AC02-07CH11359. The work of Spyridon Michalakis was supported by Caltech’s Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM), a National Science Foundation (NSF) Physics Frontiers Center under Grant PHY-1733907. The work of Michael G. Raymer was supported by the NSF Engineering Research Center for Quantum Networks (CQN), led by the University of Arizona under Grant NSF-1941583. The work of Mark Saffman was supported by NSF QLCI-HQAN under Award 2016136. This article was presented in part at the Quantum Undergraduate Education & Scientific Training (QUEST) Workshop and at the SPIE Photonics for Quantum Symposium. (All authors contributed equally to this work.)
Group:Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Canada First Research Excellence FundUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0012704
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Subject Keywords:Quantum engineering, quantum information science (QIS), undergraduate education
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220210-721846000
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Official Citation:A. Asfaw et al., "Building a Quantum Engineering Undergraduate Program," in IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 220-242, May 2022, doi: 10.1109/TE.2022.3144943
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:113411
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:11 Feb 2022 18:05
Last Modified:12 May 2022 18:59

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