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Model for the Performance of Airbreathing Pulse-Detonation Engines

Wintenberger, E. and Shepherd, J. E. (2006) Model for the Performance of Airbreathing Pulse-Detonation Engines. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 22 (3). pp. 593-603. ISSN 0748-4658. doi:10.2514/1.5792.

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A simplified flowpath analysis of a single-tube airbreathing pulse detonation engine is described. The configuration consists of a steady supersonic inlet, a large plenum, a valve, and a straight detonation tube (no exit nozzle). The interaction of the filling process with the detonation is studied, and it is shown how the flow in the plenum is coupled with the flow in the detonation tube. This coupling results in total pressure losses and pressure oscillations in the plenum caused by the unsteadiness of the flow. Moreover, the filling process generates a moving flow into which the detonation has to initiate and propagate. An analytical model is developed for predicting the flow and estimating performance based on an open-system control volume analysis and gasdynamics. The existing single-cycle impulse model is extended to include the effect of filling velocity on detonation tube impulse. Based on this, the engine thrust is found to be the sum of the contributions of detonation tube impulse, momentum, and pressure terms. Performance calculations for pulse detonation engines operating with stoichiometric hydrogen–air and JP10–air are presented and compared to the performance of the ideal ramjet over a range of Mach numbers.

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Shepherd, J. E.0000-0003-3181-9310
Additional Information:© 2005 by California Institute of Technology. Published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc., with permission. Presented as Paper 2003-4511 at the AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 39th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, Huntsville, AL, 20–23 July 2003; received 13 October 2003; revision received 26 August 2005; accepted for publication 26 August 2005. This work was supported by Stanford University Contract PY-1905 under the U.S. Department of the Navy Grant N00014-02-1-0589, “Pulse Detonation Engines: Initiation, Propagation, and Performance.”
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Stanford UniversityPY- 1905
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-02-1-0589
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:WINjpp06a
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ID Code:11348
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Deposited On:07 Aug 2008 03:02
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 21:57

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