CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

Multi-omic analysis along the gut-brain axis points to a functional architecture of autism

Morton, James T. and Jin, Dong-Min and Mills, Robert H. and Shao, Yan and Rahman, Gibraan and McDonald, Daniel and Berding, Kirsten and Needham, Brittany D. and Zurita, María Fernanda and David, Maude and Averina, Olga V. and Kovtun, Alexey S. and Noto, Antonio and Mussap, Michele and Wang, Mingbang and Frank, Daniel N. and Li, Ellen and Zhou, Wenhao and Fanos, Vassilios and Danilenko, Valery N. and Wall, Dennis P. and Cárdenas, Paúl and Baldeón, Manuel E. and Xavier, Ramnik J. and Mazmanian, Sarkis K. and Knight, Rob and Gilbert, Jack A. and Donovan, Sharon M. and Lawley, Trevor D. and Carpenter, Bob and Bonneau, Richard and Taroncher-Oldenburg, Gaspar (2022) Multi-omic analysis along the gut-brain axis points to a functional architecture of autism. . (Unpublished) https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220228-619146000

[img] PDF (March 9, 2022) - Submitted Version
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

6MB
[img] MS Excel (Table S9) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

72kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S8) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

6kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S7) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

102kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S6) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

6kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S5) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

12kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S4) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

116kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S3) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

3MB
[img] MS Excel (Table S2) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

764kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S10) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

851kB
[img] MS Excel (Table S1) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

162kB
[img] PDF (Supplemental Materials) - Supplemental Material
Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

153kB

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220228-619146000

Abstract

Autism is a highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by heterogeneous cognitive, behavioral and communication impairments. Disruption of the gut-brain axis (GBA) has been implicated in autism, with dozens of cross-sectional microbiome and other omic studies revealing autism-specific profiles along the GBA albeit with little agreement in composition or magnitude. To explore the functional architecture of autism, we developed an age and sex-matched Bayesian differential ranking algorithm that identified autism-specific profiles across 10 cross-sectional microbiome datasets and 15 other omic datasets, including dietary patterns, metabolomics, cytokine profiles, and human brain expression profiles. The analysis uncovered a highly significant, functional architecture along the GBA that encapsulated the overall heterogeneity of autism phenotypes. This architecture was determined by autism-specific amino acid, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism profiles predominantly encoded by microbial species in the genera Prevotella, Enterococcus, Bifidobacterium, and Desulfovibrio, and was mirrored in brain-associated gene expression profiles and restrictive dietary patterns in individuals with autism. Pro-inflammatory cytokine profiling and virome association analysis further supported the existence of an autism-specific architecture associated with particular microbial genera. Re-analysis of a longitudinal intervention study in autism recapitulated the cross-sectional profiles, and showed a strong association between temporal changes in microbiome composition and autism symptoms. Further elucidation of the functional architecture of autism, including of the role the microbiome plays in it, will require deep, multi-omic longitudinal intervention studies on well-defined stratified cohorts to support causal and mechanistic inference.


Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.02.25.482050DOIDiscussion Paper
https://github.com/flatironinstitute/q2-matchmakerRelated ItemSoftware
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Morton, James T.0000-0003-3189-2681
Jin, Dong-Min0000-0002-1131-4801
Mills, Robert H.0000-0002-0749-9524
Shao, Yan0000-0002-8662-0504
Rahman, Gibraan0000-0002-8843-0229
McDonald, Daniel0000-0003-0876-9060
Berding, Kirsten0000-0001-5489-2954
Needham, Brittany D.0000-0002-0280-1886
Zurita, María Fernanda0000-0001-7530-5624
David, Maude0000-0003-1561-418X
Averina, Olga V.0000-0003-1541-0785
Kovtun, Alexey S.0000-0002-7655-1808
Noto, Antonio0000-0003-3538-0050
Mussap, Michele0000-0002-3417-1284
Wang, Mingbang0000-0002-5989-5377
Frank, Daniel N.0000-0001-6669-228X
Li, Ellen0000-0002-1141-0406
Zhou, Wenhao0000-0001-8956-7238
Fanos, Vassilios0000-0003-2617-2890
Danilenko, Valery N.0000-0001-5780-0621
Wall, Dennis P.0000-0002-7889-9146
Cárdenas, Paúl0000-0001-9626-4489
Baldeón, Manuel E.0000-0002-1243-7467
Xavier, Ramnik J.0000-0002-5630-5167
Mazmanian, Sarkis K.0000-0003-2713-1513
Knight, Rob0000-0002-0975-9019
Gilbert, Jack A.0000-0001-7920-7001
Donovan, Sharon M.0000-0002-9785-4189
Lawley, Trevor D.0000-0002-4805-621X
Carpenter, Bob0000-0002-2433-9688
Bonneau, Richard0000-0003-4354-7906
Taroncher-Oldenburg, Gaspar0000-0003-2840-1415
Additional Information:The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license. Version 1: February 26, 2022; Version 2: March 9, 2022. We would like to thank Allan Packer, Paul Wang, Natalia Volfovsky, Kelsey Martin and John Spiro for their critical review of the manuscript. We’d also like to add Kevin Liu, Hannah Sherman and Xue-Jun Kong for insightful discussions. Y.S. and T.D.L. are supported by the Wellcome Trust (WT098051). Contributions: J.T.M. and G.T.-O. conceived and designed the study, developed the software, analyzed the data, interpreted the results and wrote the manuscript; R.B. contributed to study design, data analysis, result interpretation and manuscript editing; R.H.M. contributed to study design, data analysis and manuscript editing; R.J.X. and S.K.M. contributed to study design and manuscript editing; G.R. and B.C. contributed to software development and manuscript editing; D.-M.J. and Y.S. contributed to data analysis and manuscript editing; K.B., B.D.N., M.F.Z., M.D., O.V.A., A.S.K., A.N., M.M., M.W., D.N.F., E.L., W.Z., V.F., V.N.D., D.P.W., M.E.B., R.K., J.G., S.M.D. and T.D.L. provided access to data and contributed to manuscript editing. Conflict of Interest: R.H.M. is Scientific Director at Precidiag Inc.; T.D.L. is co-founder and Chief Scientific Officer of Microbiotica; S.K.M. is a co-founder and has equity in Axial Therapeutics; R.B is currently Executive Director of Prescient Design, a Genentech Accelerator; G.T.-O. is a Consultant-in-Residence at the Simons Foundation. Software Availability: Software implementation of our Bayesian age-sex matched differential ranking algorithm can be found at https://github.com/flatironinstitute/q2-matchmaker. We want to acknowledge Matplotlib [113], Seaborn [114], Scipy [115], Numpy [116], Xarray [117], Arviz [118], Scikit-learn [119], biom-format [120] and Scikit-bio [121] for providing the software foundation that this work was built upon.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Wellcome TrustWT098051
DOI:10.1101/2022.02.25.482050
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220228-619146000
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220228-619146000
Official Citation:Multi-omic analysis along the gut-brain axis points to a functional architecture of autism. James T. Morton, Dong-Min Jin, Robert H. Mills, Yan Shao, Gibraan Rahman, Daniel McDonald, Kirsten Berding, Brittany D. Needham, María Fernanda Zurita, Maude David, Olga V. Averina, Alexey S. Kovtun, Antonio Noto, Michele Mussap, Mingbang Wang, Daniel N. Frank, Ellen Li, Wenhao Zhou, Vassilios Fanos, Valery N. Danilenko, Dennis P. Wall, Paúl Cárdenas, Manuel E. Baldeón, Ramnik J. Xavier, Sarkis K. Mazmanian, Rob Knight, Jack A. Gilbert, Sharon M. Donovan, Trevor D. Lawley, Bob Carpenter, Richard Bonneau, Gaspar Taroncher-Oldenburg. bioRxiv 2022.02.25.482050; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.02.25.482050
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:113621
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:28 Feb 2022 21:48
Last Modified:15 Mar 2022 16:34

Repository Staff Only: item control page