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Wall-resolved and wall-modelled large-eddy simulation of plane Couette flow

Cheng, W. and Pullin, D. I. and Samtaney, R. (2022) Wall-resolved and wall-modelled large-eddy simulation of plane Couette flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 934 . Art. No. A19. ISSN 0022-1120. doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.1046.

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We describe wall-resolved and wall-modelled large-eddy simulation (LES) of plane Couette (PC) flow. Subgrid-scale (SGS) motion is represented using the Re_τ = 220$, wall-resolved LES at Re_τ ~ 500-3600 and wall-modelled LES at Re_τ ~ 3600-- 2.8 x 10⁵. All LES performed show the presence of approximately spanwise periodic sets of streamwise rolls. Averaged (including spanwise) wall-normal profiles of the mean streamwise velocity show a consistent log region across all Reynolds numbers. Two distinct measures of turbulent intensity are explored, one of which recognizes the roll structure and one that does not. The spanwise variation of turbulence flow metrics is investigated. Mean streamwise velocity profiles show substantial spanwise variation but collapse well when normalized by local skin-friction velocities. Similar collapse is found for streamwise turbulent intensities. For all present LES, the mean skin-friction variation with the plate Reynolds number is found to match a simple analytical form (Pirozzoli et al., J. Fluid Mech., vol. 758, 2014, pp. 327–343) while the scaled centre-plane, mean-velocity gradient exhibits an inverse ProductLog dependence. Both the mean-flow roll energy and circulation, scaled with outer variables, decrease monotonically for Re_τ ≳ 500. At lower Re_τ, the mean streamwise zero-velocity line follows a wavy form in the spanwise direction, while at our larger Re_τ, a mushroom shape emerges which could potentially enhance local momentum transport in the spanwise direction and be responsible for the weakening of the spanwise rolls.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Cheng, W.0000-0003-3960-4162
Samtaney, R.0000-0002-4702-6473
Additional Information:© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press. (Received 11 April 2021; revised 18 August 2021; accepted 21 November 2021) This work was partially supported by the KAUST baseline research funds of R.S. The Cray XC40, Shaheen, at KAUST was used for all the reported LES. The authors report no conflict of interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:turbulence simulation
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220309-965615000
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Official Citation:Cheng, W., Pullin, D., & Samtaney, R. (2022). Wall-resolved and wall-modelled large-eddy simulation of plane Couette flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 934, A19. doi:10.1017/jfm.2021.1046
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:113841
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:11 Mar 2022 17:45
Last Modified:11 Mar 2022 17:46

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