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Hysteresis in electrochemical systems

Van der Ven, Anton and See, Kimberly A. and Pilon, Laurent (2022) Hysteresis in electrochemical systems. Battery Energy, 1 (2). Art. No. 20210017. ISSN 2768-1696. doi:10.1002/bte2.20210017.

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Hysteresis is a phenomenon that pervades both the physical and social sciences. While commonly associated with magnetism, it also occurs in a wide variety of other materials, including ferroelectrics and shape memory alloys. Hysteresis emerges when a particular property has a history dependence. It is exploited in microelectronic memory, logic, and neuromorphic devices. In electrochemical systems, such as Li-ion batteries, hysteresis is undesirable as it leads to energy losses during each round trip charge–discharge cycle. Unfortunately, many new battery concepts that promise significant increases in energy density, including those that rely on displacement and conversion reactions, or on anion-redox mechanisms, suffer from severe hysteresis that prevents their commercialization. This article surveys different forms of hysteresis in electrochemical systems with a focus on Li-ion batteries and establishes thermodynamic and kinetic principles with which to understand and rationalize electrochemical hysteresis. The ability to control hysteresis in rechargeable batteries will enable the implementation of promising electrode chemistries. It will also open the door to many new device applications. As on-chip batteries become more prominent, new possibilities will emerge to incorporate them not only as local energy sources but also as active components of new device concepts that exploit electrochemical hysteresis.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Van der Ven, Anton0000-0002-2679-8909
See, Kimberly A.0000-0002-0133-9693
Pilon, Laurent0000-0001-9459-8207
Additional Information:© 2022 The Authors. Battery Energy published by Xijing University and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Issue Online: 22 April 2022; Version of Record online: 16 March 2022; Manuscript accepted: 14 January 2022; Manuscript revised: 25 December 2021; Manuscript received: 15 November 2021. This study was supported as part of the Center for Synthetic Control Across Length-scales for Advancing Rechargeables (SCALAR), an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences under Award # DE-SC0019381. The authors declare that there are no conflict of interests. Data Availability Statement: The data presented in this study are available on request from the corresponding author.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0019381
Subject Keywords:batteries and fuel cells, energy, energy efficiency, energy storage, material science
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220317-377255000
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Official Citation:Van der Ven, A, See, KA, Pilon, L. Hysteresis in electrochemical systems. Battery Energy. 2022; 1:20210017. doi:10.1002/bte2.20210017
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:113952
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:17 Mar 2022 20:33
Last Modified:26 Apr 2022 17:00

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