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Limits on the Detection of Planet Nine in the Dark Energy Survey

Belyakov, Matthew and Bernardinelli, Pedro H. and Brown, Michael E. (2022) Limits on the Detection of Planet Nine in the Dark Energy Survey. Astronomical Journal, 163 (5). Art. No. 216. ISSN 0004-6256. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/ac5c56.

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Studies of the clustering of the most distant Kuiper Belt objects in the outer solar system have hinted at the possible existence of a planet beyond Neptune referred to as Planet Nine (P9). Recent efforts have constrained the parameter space of the orbital elements of P9, allowing for the creation of a synthetic catalog of hypothetical P9s. By examining the potential recovery of such a catalog within numerous sky surveys, it is possible to further constrain the parameter space for P9, providing direction for a more targeted search. We examine the ability of the full six years of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) to recover a synthetic Planet Nine population presented in Brown & Batygin. We find that out of 100,000 simulated objects, 11,709 cross the wide DES survey footprint of which 10,187 (87.0%) are recovered. This rules out an additional 5% of the parameter space after accounting for Planets Nine that would have been detected by both the Zwicky Transient Facility and DES.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Belyakov, Matthew0000-0003-4778-6170
Bernardinelli, Pedro H.0000-0003-0743-9422
Brown, Michael E.0000-0002-8255-0545
Additional Information:© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 2022 January 25; revised 2022 March 4; accepted 2022 March 8; published 2022 April 14.
Subject Keywords:Planetary science; Solar system planets
Issue or Number:5
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Planetary science (1255); Solar system planets (1260)
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220512-620314000
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Official Citation:Matthew Belyakov et al 2022 AJ 163 216
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:114697
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 May 2022 17:24
Last Modified:12 May 2022 17:24

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