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SuperTIGER instrument abundances of galactic cosmic rays for the charge interval 41 ⩽ Z ≤ 56

Walsh, Nathan Elliot and Akaike, Yosui and Binns, Walter Robert and Bose, Richard G. and Brandt, Terri J. and Braun, Dana L. and Cannady, Nicholas W. and Dowkontt, Paul F. and Hams, Thomas and Israel, Martin H. and Krizmanic, John F. and Labrador, Allan W. and Mewaldt, Richard A. and Mitchell, John W. and Murphy, Ryan P. and de Nolfo, Georgia A. and Nutter, Scott and Olevitch, Martin A. and Rauch, Brian. F. and Sakai, Kenichi and Sasaki, Makoto and Simburger, Garry E. and Stone, Ed C. and Tatoli, Teresa and Ward, John Ennis and Wiedenbeck, Mark E. and Zober, Wolfgang V. (2022) SuperTIGER instrument abundances of galactic cosmic rays for the charge interval 41 ⩽ Z ≤ 56. Advances in Space Research . ISSN 0273-1177. doi:10.1016/j.asr.2022.04.063. (In Press)

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We report preliminary elemental abundance results from the 55-day long-duration-balloon flight of SuperTIGER (Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder) during the 2012-2013 austral summer. SuperTIGER measured the relative abundances of Galactic cosmic-ray (GCR) nuclei with high statistical precision and well resolved individual element peaks from ₁₀Ne to ₄₀Zr. SuperTIGER also made exploratory measurements of the relative abundances up to ₅₆Ba. Although the statistics are low for elements heavier than ₄₀Zr, we present, for the first time, relative abundance measurements of charges Z = 41-56 with individual element resolution. GCR measurements up to ₄₀Zr support a source acceleration model where supernovae in OB associations preferentially accelerate refractory elements that are more readily embedded in interstellar dust grains than volatiles. In addition, injection into the GCR for both refractory and volatile elements appears to follow a charge dependence consistent with their grain sputtering cross sections. By extending the GCR measurement range past ₄₀Zr, we can begin to further constrain these models.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Akaike, Yosui0000-0002-9489-1515
Binns, Walter Robert0000-0001-6110-3407
Brandt, Terri J.0000-0003-4087-1786
Cannady, Nicholas W.0000-0003-2916-6955
Israel, Martin H.0000-0002-8104-208X
Labrador, Allan W.0000-0001-9178-5349
Mewaldt, Richard A.0000-0003-2178-9111
de Nolfo, Georgia A.0000-0002-3677-074X
Nutter, Scott0000-0002-1794-3836
Rauch, Brian. F.0000-0002-1452-4142
Stone, Ed C.0000-0002-2010-5462
Ward, John Ennis0000-0003-1973-0794
Wiedenbeck, Mark E.0000-0002-2825-3128
Additional Information:© 2022 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier. Received 1 November 2021, Revised 22 March 2022, Accepted 26 April 2022, Available online 10 May 2022. This research was supported by NASA under grants NNX09AC17G, NNX14AB25G, NNX15AC23G and 80NSSC20K0405, by the McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences at Washington University, and by the Peggy and Steve Fossett Foundation. We thank the NASA Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility, the NASA Balloon Program Office, and the NSF United States Antarctic Program for the excellent and highly professional efforts that resulted in two successful long-duration balloon flights for SuperTIGER.
Group:Astronomy Department, Space Radiation Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Washington UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Peggy and Steve Fossett FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galactic cosmic rays; supernova; binary neutron star merger; long-duration balloon; Antarctica
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220513-557872000
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Nathan Elliot Walsh, Yosui Akaike, Walter Robert Binns, Richard G. Bose, Terri J. Brandt, Dana L. Braun, Nicholas W. Cannady, Paul F. Dowkontt, Thomas Hams, Martin H. Israel, John F. Krizmanic, Allan W. Labrador, Richard A. Mewaldt, John W. Mitchell, Ryan P. Murphy, Georgia A. de Nolfo, Scott Nutter, Martin A. Olevitch, Brian. F. Rauch, Kenichi Sakai, Makoto Sasaki, Garry E. Simburger, Ed C. Stone, Teresa Tatoli, John Ennis Ward, Mark E. Wiedenbeck, Wolfgang V. Zober, SuperTIGER instrument abundances of galactic cosmic rays for the charge interval 41⩽Z≤56, Advances in Space Research, 2022, , ISSN 0273-1177,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:114736
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:16 May 2022 20:21
Last Modified:16 May 2022 20:21

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