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The observed impact of galaxy halo gas on fast radio bursts

Connor, Liam and Ravi, Vikram (2022) The observed impact of galaxy halo gas on fast radio bursts. . (Unpublished)

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Galaxies and groups of galaxies exist in dark-matter halos filled with diffuse gas. The diffuse gas represents up to 80% of the mass in baryonic matter within the halos, but is difficult to detect because of its low density (particle number densities of ≲ 10⁻⁴ cm⁻³) and high temperature (mostly greater than 10⁶ K). Here we analyze the impact of diffuse gas associated with nearby galaxies using the dispersion measures (DMs) of extragalactic fast radio bursts (FRBs). FRB DMs provide direct measurements of the total ionized-gas contents along their sightlines. Out of a sample of 474 distant FRBs from the CHIME/FRB Catalog 1, we identify a subset of events that likely intersect the dark-matter halos of galaxies in the local Universe (< 40 Mpc). The mean DM of the galaxy-intersecting FRBs is larger than the non-intersecting DMs with probability > 0.99 and the excess DM is > 90 pc cm⁻³ with > 95% confidence. The excess is larger than expected for the diffuse gas surrounding isolated galaxies, but may be explained by additional contributions from gas surrounding galaxy groups, including from the Local Group. This result demonstrates the predicted ability of FRBs to be used as sensitive, model-independent measures of the diffuse-gas contents of dark-matter halos.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper ItemJournal Article
Connor, Liam0000-0002-7587-6352
Ravi, Vikram0000-0002-7252-5485
Additional Information:Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). We first the referees, whose careful consideration and suggestions were invaluable. We thank Cameron Hummels, Wenbin Lu, J. Michael Shull, and the Caltech FRB group for a helpful discussions. We also thank Calvin Leung, Kiyoshi Masui, and Mohit Bhardwaj for valuable comments on the manuscript. This research was partially supported by the National Science Foundation under grant AST-1836018.
Group:Astronomy Department, Owens Valley Radio Observatory (OVRO)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220531-161251395
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:114963
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:15 Feb 2023 19:20
Last Modified:15 Feb 2023 19:53

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