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ALPINE: A Large Survey to Understand Teenage Galaxies

Faisst, Andreas L. and Yan, Lin and Béthermin, Matthieu and Cassata, Paolo and Dessauges-Zavadsky, Miroslava and Fudamoto, Yoshinobu and Ginolfi, Michele and Gruppioni, Carlotta and Jones, Gareth and Khusanova, Yana and LeFèvre, Olivier and Pozzi, Francesca and Romano, Michael and Silverman, John and Vanderhoof, Brittany (2022) ALPINE: A Large Survey to Understand Teenage Galaxies. Universe, 8 (6). Art. No. 314. ISSN 2218-1997. doi:10.3390/universe8060314.

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A multiwavelength study of galaxies is important to understand their formation and evolution. Only in the recent past, thanks to the Atacama Large (Sub) Millimeter Array (ALMA), were we able to study the far-infrared (IR) properties of galaxies at high redshifts. In this article, we summarize recent research highlights and their significance to our understanding of early galaxy evolution from the ALPINE survey, a large program with ALMA to observe the dust continuum and 158μm C⁺ emission of normal star-forming galaxies at z= 4–6. Combined with ancillary data at UV through near-IR wavelengths, ALPINE provides the currently largest multiwavelength sample of post-reionization galaxies and has advanced our understanding of (i) the demographics of C⁺ emission; (ii) the relation of star formation and C⁺ emission; (iii) the gas content; (iv) outflows and enrichment of the intergalactic medium; and (v) the kinematics, emergence of disks, and merger rates in galaxies at z>4. ALPINE builds the basis for more detailed measurements with the next generation of telescopes, and places itself as an important post-reionization baseline sample to allow a continuous study of galaxies over 13 billion years of cosmic time.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper ItemData ItemData
Faisst, Andreas L.0000-0002-9382-9832
Yan, Lin0000-0003-1710-9339
Béthermin, Matthieu0000-0002-3915-2015
Cassata, Paolo0000-0002-6716-4400
Dessauges-Zavadsky, Miroslava0000-0003-0348-2917
Fudamoto, Yoshinobu0000-0001-7440-8832
Ginolfi, Michele0000-0002-9122-1700
Gruppioni, Carlotta0000-0002-5836-4056
Jones, Gareth0000-0002-0267-9024
Khusanova, Yana0000-0002-7220-397X
LeFèvre, Olivier0000-0001-5891-2596
Pozzi, Francesca0000-0002-7412-647X
Romano, Michael0000-0002-9948-3916
Silverman, John0000-0002-0000-6977
Vanderhoof, Brittany0000-0002-8163-0172
Additional Information:© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( Received: 2 May 2022 / Revised: 23 May 2022 / Accepted: 26 May 2022 / Published: 1 June 2022. (This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Infrared Galaxies and AGN). M.R. acknowledges support from the Narodowe Centrum Nauki (UMO-2020/38/ E/ST9/00077). G.C.J. acknowledges ERC Advanced Grant 695671 “QUENCH” and support by the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). YK acknowledges the support by funding from the European Research Council Advanced Grant ERC–2010–AdG–268107–EARLY. This paper makes use of the following ALMA data: ADS/JAO.ALMA#2017.1.00428.L. ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada), MOST and ASIAA (Taiwan), and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO and NAOJ. This research made use of Astropy (, accessed on 23 May 2022), a community-developed core Python package for Astronomy [192,193]. We would also like to recognize the contributions from all of the members of the COSMOS Team who helped in obtaining and reducing the large amount of multiwavelength data that are now publicly available through IRSA at, accessed on 23 May 2022. This article is dedicated to the memory of Olivier Le Fèvre, PI of the ALPINE survey. Author Contributions. Project administration, O.L.; Writing—original draft preparation, A.L.F. and L.Y.; Writing—review and editing, M.B., P.C., M.D.-Z., Y.F., M.G., C.G., G.J., Y.K., F.P., M.R., J.S. and B.V. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. This research received no external funding. Institutional Review Board Statement: Not applicable. Informed Consent Statement: Not applicable. Data Availability Statement. The data used in this article are available online at, accessed on 23 May 2022. The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Science Centre (Poland)UMO-2020/38/E/ST9/00077
European Research Council (ERC)695671
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)268107
Subject Keywords:galaxies: evolution; galaxies: star formation; galaxies: formation; galaxies: high-redshift; galaxies: ISM; submillimeter: galaxies; galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220608-849014000
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Faisst, A.L.; Yan, L.; Béthermin, M.; Cassata, P.; Dessauges-Zavadsky, M.; Fudamoto, Y.; Ginolfi, M.; Gruppioni, C.; Jones, G.; Khusanova, Y.; LeFèvre, O.; Pozzi, F.; Romano, M.; Silverman, J.; Vanderhoof, B. ALPINE: A Large Survey to Understand Teenage Galaxies. Universe 2022, 8, 314.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:115075
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:14 Jun 2022 14:47
Last Modified:14 Jun 2022 15:06

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