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Imagination and the prosocial personality: Mapping the effect of episodic simulation on helping across prosocial traits

Campbell, Dylan and Tusche, Anita and O'Connor, Brendan Bo (2022) Imagination and the prosocial personality: Mapping the effect of episodic simulation on helping across prosocial traits. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 36 (3). pp. 685-698. ISSN 0888-4080. doi:10.1002/acp.3954. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220609-633823000

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Abstract

Prior work suggests that imagining helping others increases prosocial intentions and behavior toward those individuals. But is this true for everyone, or only for those who tend toward—or away from—helping more generally? The current study (N = 283) used an imagined helping paradigm and a battery of behavioral and self-report measures of trait prosociality to determine whether the prosocial benefits of imagination depend upon an individual's general tendency to help others. Replicating prior work, we found links between imagination and prosociality and support for a three-factor model of prosociality comprising altruistically, norm-motivated, and self-reported prosocial behaviors. Centrally, the effects of imagination on prosociality were slightly larger for less altruistic individuals but independent of norm-motivated and self-reported prosociality. These results suggest leveraging people's abilities for episodic simulation as a promising strategy for increasing prosociality in general, and perhaps particularly for those least likely to help otherwise.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3954DOIArticle
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/action/downloadSupplement?doi=10.1002%2Facp.3954&file=acp3954-sup-0001-Supinfo.docxPublisherSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Campbell, Dylan0000-0003-2650-4541
Tusche, Anita0000-0003-4180-8447
Additional Information:© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Issue Online: 22 May 2022; Version of Record online: 04 May 2022; Accepted manuscript online: 28 April 2022; Manuscript accepted: 20 April 2022; Manuscript revised: 13 March 2022; Manuscript received: 22 February 2021. Funding information: NIMH Conte Center, Grant/Award Number: 2P50 MH094258; NSERC Discovery, Grant/Award Number: RGPIN-2019-04329.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NIH2P50 MH094258
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)RGPIN-2019-04329
Subject Keywords:charity; cooperation; economic games; episodic simulation; prosocial behavior
Issue or Number:3
DOI:10.1002/acp.3954
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220609-633823000
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220609-633823000
Official Citation:Campbell, D., Tusche, A., & Bo O'Connor, B. (2022). Imagination and the prosocial personality: Mapping the effect of episodic simulation on helping across prosocial traits. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 36(3), 685–698. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3954
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:115099
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:13 Jun 2022 17:55
Last Modified:13 Jun 2022 17:55

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