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Zolenskyite, FeCr₂S₄, a new sulfide mineral from the Indarch meteorite

Ma, Chi and Rubin, Alan E. (2022) Zolenskyite, FeCr₂S₄, a new sulfide mineral from the Indarch meteorite. American Mineralogist, 107 (6). pp. 1030-1033. ISSN 0003-004X. doi:10.2138/am-2022-8094. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220616-200843800

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Abstract

Zolenskyite (IMA 2020-070), FeCr₂S₄, is a new sulfide mineral that occurs within troilite, with clinoenstatite and tridymite, in the matrix of the Indarch meteorite, an EH4 enstatite chondrite. The mean chemical composition of zolenskyite determined by electron probe microanalysis, is (wt%) S 43.85, Cr 35.53, Fe 18.94, Mn 0.68, Ca 0.13, total 99.13, yielding an empirical formula of Fe_(0.99)Mn_(0.04)Ca_(0.01)Cr_(1.99)S_(3.98). The ideal formula is FeCr₂S₄. Electron backscatter diffraction shows that zolenskyite has the C2/m CrNb₂Se₄-Cr₃S₄-type structure of synthetic FeCr₂S₄, which has a = 12.84(1) Å, b = 3.44(1) Å, c = 5.94(1) Å, β = 117(1)°, V = 234(6) ų, and Z = 2. The calculated density using the measured composition is 4.09 g/cm³. Zolenskyite is a monoclinic polymorph of daubréelite. It may be a high-pressure phase, formed from daubréelite at high pressures (several gigapascals) and moderate temperatures in highly shocked regions of the EH parent asteroid before becoming incorporated into Indarch via impact mixing. Zolenskyite survived moderate annealing of the Indarch whole-rock. The new mineral is named in honor of Michael E. Zolensky, an esteemed cosmochemist and mineralo-gist at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, for his contributions to research on extraterrestrial materials, including enstatite chondrites.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2022-8094DOIArticle
http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/AmMin/TOC/2022/Jun2022_data/AM-22-68094.zipPublisherSupplement
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Ma, Chi0000-0002-1828-7033
Rubin, Alan E.0000-0002-4515-4527
Alternate Title:Zolenskyite, FeCr2S4, a new sulfide mineral from the Indarch meteorite
Additional Information:© 2022 Mineralogical Society of America. Manuscript received April 12, 2021; Manuscript accepted June 8, 2021; Manuscript handled by Steven B. Simon. We thank M.K. Weisberg, T.J. McCoy, and Associate Editor S.B. Simon for their constructive reviews. SEM, EBSD, and EPMA were carried out at the Geological and Planetary Science Division Analytical Facility, Caltech, which is supported in part by NSF grants EAR-0318518 and DMR-0080065. This work was also supported by NASA grant NNG06GF95G (A.E.R.).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-0318518
NSFDMR-0080065
NASANNG06GF95G
Subject Keywords:Zolenskyite, FeCr2S4, new mineral, sulfide, Indarch meteorite, enstatite chondrite
Issue or Number:6
DOI:10.2138/am-2022-8094
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220616-200843800
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220616-200843800
Official Citation:Chi Ma, Alan E. Rubin; Zolenskyite, FeCr2S4, a new sulfide mineral from the Indarch meteorite. American Mineralogist 2022; 107 (6): 1030–1033. doi: https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2022-8094
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:115192
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Jun 2022 19:48
Last Modified:21 Jun 2022 19:48

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