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The isotopic composition of lead in potassium feldspars from some 1.0-b.y. old North American igneous rocks

Zartman, Robert E. and Wasserburg, G. J. (1969) The isotopic composition of lead in potassium feldspars from some 1.0-b.y. old North American igneous rocks. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 33 (8). pp. 901-942. ISSN 0016-7037. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(69)90104-5. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220621-183942200

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Abstract

The isotopic composition of lead and the uranium, thorium and lead concentrations in potassium feldspars are determined for more than 30 1.0-b.y. old North American igneous rocks. Samples representing a broad spectrum in petrographic type and mode of occurrence were chosen; an effort was made to include only rocks having well-documented ages from 950 to 1140 m.y. and showing minimal evidence of subsequent metamorphism. Most samples, including those from extensive terranes of contemporaneous age, have limited lead isotope variations (Pb²⁰⁶Pb²⁰⁴= 16.74–17.38; Pb²⁰⁷Pb²⁰⁴= 15.39–15.59; Pb²⁰⁸Pb²⁰⁴= 36.38–37.10), which yield model ages close to the radiometric ages. Granite, pegmatite, and rhyolite from within the Grenville province of Canada and age-equivalent rocks of New York, Virginia, Texas, and Colorado and granophyric units associated with the Duluth Gabbro Complex of Minnesota are among the materials yielding this main isotopic spectrum. Several samples were encountered which had isotopic compositions very different from the above group. Lead showing a marked deficiency in radiogenic isotopes was found in two granitic bodies associated with older Labrador Trough rocks from Quebec, in a rapakivi granite from southern Nevada, and in a small granite stock from Mellen, Wisconsin. These occurrences all involve small intrusions of granite which lie near considerably older areas of basement rock. Model ages calculated from the Pb²⁰⁶Pb²⁰⁴ ratio are older than the age of the intrusions and approach the age of the host basement rock. Several possible interpretations are offered to explain the isotopic behavior encountered in this study. In particular, a “vertically differentiated crust” model is proposed which will account for both the main spectrum and the anomalous lead. The significance of lead isotopic studies in understanding crustal structure in continental regions is discussed.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(69)90104-5DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wasserburg, G. J.0000-0002-7957-8029
Additional Information:© 1969 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Received 25 November 1968; accepted in revised form 24 March 1969. Publication authorized by the Director, U.S. Geological Survey. We are indebted to many associates for providing samples and for numerous helpful discussions; we wish to particularly thank BRUCE DOE, CARL HEDGE, Z. E. PETERMAN, P. W. GAST, L. T. SILVER, P. O. BANKS, P. T. FLAWN, A. F. BUDDINGTON, ALLAN HILLS, T. E. KROGH, R. K. WANLESS, S. S. GOLDICH, HENRY LEPP, MYRL BECK, M. A. LANPHERE and B. NILSSEN. Part of the analytical work was carried out in the U.S. Geological Survey low-level lead laboratory under the supervision of M. TATSUMOTO, and uranium and thorium spikes were provided by J. N. ROSHOLT.
Issue or Number:8
DOI:10.1016/0016-7037(69)90104-5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220621-183942200
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220621-183942200
Official Citation:Robert E Zartman, G.J Wasserburg, The isotopic composition of lead in potassium feldspars from some 1.0-b.y. old North American igneous rocks, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 33, Issue 8, 1969, Pages 901-942, ISSN 0016-7037, https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(69)90104-5. (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016703769901045)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:115210
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Jun 2022 19:31
Last Modified:21 Jun 2022 19:31

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