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Assessing the ability of the 14C projection-age method to constrain the circulation of the past in a 3-D ocean model

Franke, J. and Schulz, M. and Paul, A. and Adkins, J. F. (2008) Assessing the ability of the 14C projection-age method to constrain the circulation of the past in a 3-D ocean model. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 9 (8). Q08003. ISSN 1525-2027. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:FRAggg08

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Abstract

Radiocarbon differences between benthic and planktonic foraminifera (B-P ages) and radiocarbon projection ages are both used to determine changes of the past ocean circulation rate. A global 3-D ocean circulation model with a constant modern ocean circulation is used to study which method is less influenced by atmospheric Δ14C variations. Three factors cause uncertainties: first, the long equilibration time of the ocean after atmospheric Δ14C changes; second, different mixing processes in the ocean, which cause an ocean response of smaller amplitude than the atmospheric forcing; and third, the unknown source region and corresponding initial surface 14C reservoir age of subsurface waters. The model suggests that B-P ages and projection ages have lower uncertainties the closer they are to deepwater formation zones. In the North Atlantic the B-P age method is less influenced by atmospheric Δ14C variations than the projection-age method. Projections ages vary less in the Pacific as long as atmospheric Δ14C decreases linearly. A more irregular atmospheric Δ14C evolution leads to age variations of similar magnitude with both methods. On the basis of the model experiment, we suggest a potential improvement of the projection-age method.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GC001943DOIUNSPECIFIED
Additional Information:Copyright 2008 by the American Geophysical Union. Received 11 January 2008; accepted 19 June 2008; published 6 August 2008. We greatly appreciate the constructive discussions with Mea Cock and the constructive comments of two anonymous reviewers that greatly helped to improve this manuscript. This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:projection age; top-to-bottom age; benthic-planktonic age; radiocarbon; ocean circulation
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:FRAggg08
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:FRAggg08
Official Citation:Franke, J., M. Schulz, A. Paul, and J. F. Adkins (2008), Assessing the ability of the 14C projection-age method to constrain the circulation of the past in a 3-D ocean model, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q08003, doi:10.1029/2008GC001943.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11531
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:31 Aug 2008 06:23
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 00:20

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