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Characterization of BNL and HPK AC-LGAD sensors with a 120 GeV proton beam

Heller, R. and Madrid, C. and Apresyan, A. and Brooks, W. K. and Chen, W. and D'Amen, G. and Giacomini, G. and Goya, I. and Hara, K. and Kita, S. and Los, S. and Molnar, A. and Nakamura, K. and Peña, C. and San Martín, C. and Tricoli, A. and Ueda, T. and Xie, S. (2022) Characterization of BNL and HPK AC-LGAD sensors with a 120 GeV proton beam. Journal of Instrumentation, 17 (5). Art. No. P05001. ISSN 1748-0221. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/17/05/p05001. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220708-435208900

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Abstract

We present measurements of AC-LGADs performed at the Fermilab's test beam facility using 120 GeV protons. We studied the performance of various strip and pad AC-LGAD sensors that were produced by BNL and HPK. The measurements are performed with our upgraded test beam setup that utilizes a high precision telescope tracker, and a simultaneous readout of up to 7 channels per sensor, which allows detailed studies of signal sharing characteristics. These measurements allow us to assess the differences in designs between different manufacturers, and optimize them based on experimental performance. We then study several reconstruction algorithms to optimize position and time resolutions that utilize the signal sharing properties of each sensor. We present a world's first demonstration of silicon sensors in a test beam that simultaneously achieve better than 6–10 μm position and 30 ps time resolution. This represents a substantial improvement to the spatial resolution than would be obtained with binary readout of sensors with similar pitch.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/17/05/p05001DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2201.07772arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heller, R.0000-0002-7368-6723
Apresyan, A.0000-0002-6186-0130
Los, S.0000-0001-8637-5628
Nakamura, K.0000-0002-1560-0434
Peña, C.0000-0002-4500-7930
Xie, S.0000-0003-2509-5731
Additional Information:© 2022 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab. Received 20 January 2022; Accepted 1 April 2022; Published 2 May 2022. We thank the Fermilab accelerator and FTBF personnel for the excellent performance of the accelerator and support of the test beam facility, in particular M. Kiburg, E. Niner and E. Schmidt. We also thank the SiDet department for preparing the readout boards by mounting and wire-bonding the AC-LGAD sensors. Finally, we thank L. Uplegger for developing the telescope tracker and a large part of the DAQ system. This document was prepared using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), aU.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This research is partially funded by the U.S.-Japan Science and Technology Cooperation Program in High Energy Physics, through Department of Energy under FWP 20-32 in the USA, and via High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) in Japan. This work was also supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under grant DE-SC0012704; used resources of the Center for Functional Nanomaterials, which is a U.S. DOE Office of Science Facility, at Brookhaven National Laboratory under Contract No. DE-SC0012704; supported by the Chilean ANID PIA/APOYO AFB180002 and ANID - Millennium Science Initiative Program - ICN2019_044. This research was partially supported by Grant-in-Aid for scientific research on advanced basic research (Grant No. 19H05193, 19H04393, 21H0073 and 21H01099) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, of Japan.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Department of Energy (DOE)FWP 20-32
U.S.-Japan Science and Technology Cooperation ProgramUNSPECIFIED
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0012704
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (ANID)AFB180002
Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo (ANID)ICN2019_044
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)19H05193
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)19H04393
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)21H0073
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)21H01099
Subject Keywords:Solid state detectors; Timing detectors; Particle tracking detectors (Solid-state detectors); Si microstrip and pad detectors
Issue or Number:5
DOI:10.1088/1748-0221/17/05/p05001
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220708-435208900
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220708-435208900
Official Citation:R. Heller et al 2022 JINST 17 P05001
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:115444
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:11 Jul 2022 17:44
Last Modified:11 Jul 2022 17:44

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