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Radio Detection of an Elusive Millisecond Pulsar in the Globular Cluster NGC 6397

Zhang, Lei and Ridolfi, Alessandro and Blumer, Harsha and Freire, Paulo C. C. and Manchester, Richard N. and McLaughlin, Maura and Kremer, Kyle and Cameron, Andrew D. and Zhang, Zhiyu and Behrend, Jan and Burgay, Marta and Buchner, Sarah and Champion, David J. and Chen, Weiwei and Dai, Shi and Feng, Yi and Fu, Xiaoting and Guo, Meng and Hobbs, George and Keane, Evan F. and Kramer, Michael and Levin, Lina and Li, Xiangdong and Ni, Mengmeng and Pan, Jingshan and Padmanabh, Prajwal V. and Possenti, Andrea and Ransom, Scott M. and Tsai, Chao-Wei and Venkatraman Krishnan, Vivek and Wang, Pei and Zhang, Jielai and Zhi, Qijun and Zhang, Yongkun and Li, Di (2022) Radio Detection of an Elusive Millisecond Pulsar in the Globular Cluster NGC 6397. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 934 (2). Art. No. L21. ISSN 2041-8205. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ac81c3. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220729-893890000

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Abstract

We report the discovery of a new 5.78 ms period millisecond pulsar (MSP), PSR J1740−5340B (NGC 6397B), in an eclipsing binary system discovered with the Parkes radio telescope (now also known as Murriyang) in Australia and confirmed with the MeerKAT radio telescope in South Africa. The measured orbital period, 1.97 days, is the longest among all eclipsing binaries in globular clusters (GCs) and consistent with that of the coincident X-ray source U18, previously suggested to be a “hidden MSP.” Our XMM-Newton observations during NGC 6397B’s radio-quiescent epochs detected no X-ray flares. NGC 6397B is either a transitional MSP or an eclipsing binary in its initial stage of mass transfer after the companion star left the main sequence. The discovery of NGC 6397B potentially reveals a subgroup of extremely faint and heavily obscured binary pulsars, thus providing a plausible explanation for the apparent dearth of binary neutron stars in core-collapsed GCs as well as a critical constraint on the evolution of GCs.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ac81c3DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2207.07880arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Zhang, Lei0000-0001-8539-4237
Ridolfi, Alessandro0000-0001-6762-2638
Blumer, Harsha0000-0003-4046-884X
Freire, Paulo C. C.0000-0003-1307-9435
McLaughlin, Maura0000-0001-7697-7422
Kremer, Kyle0000-0002-4086-3180
Cameron, Andrew D.0000-0002-2037-4216
Zhang, Zhiyu0000-0002-7299-2876
Burgay, Marta0000-0002-8265-4344
Dai, Shi0000-0002-9618-2499
Feng, Yi0000-0002-0475-7479
Fu, Xiaoting0000-0002-6506-1985
Hobbs, George0000-0003-1502-100X
Keane, Evan F.0000-0002-4553-655X
Kramer, Michael0000-0002-4175-2271
Levin, Lina0000-0002-2034-2986
Li, Xiangdong0000-0002-0584-8145
Possenti, Andrea0000-0001-5902-3731
Ransom, Scott M.0000-0001-5799-9714
Tsai, Chao-Wei0000-0002-9390-9672
Venkatraman Krishnan, Vivek0000-0001-9518-9819
Zhang, Jielai0000-0001-5310-4186
Zhi, Qijun0000-0001-9389-5197
Zhang, Yongkun0000-0002-8744-3546
Li, Di0000-0003-3010-7661
Additional Information:© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 2022 June 16; revised 2022 July 14; accepted 2022 July 15; published 2022 July 28. This work is supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under grant Nos. 11988101, 11725313, 12103069, U2031121, U1731238, U2031117, 12041305, 12173016, 12041301, and 12121003. L.Z. is supported by ACAMAR Postdoctoral Fellowship and especially thanks Matthew Bailes and Ryan Shannon at the Swinburne University of Technology for their constructive feedback on this work. K.K. is supported by an NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship under award AST-2001751. Y.F. is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China No. 2017YFA0402600, and by the Key Research Project of Zhejiang Lab No. 2021PE0AC03. X.F. and Z.Y.Z acknowledge the science research grants from the China Manned Space Project with Nos. CMS-CSST-2021-A08, CMS-CSST-2021-A07, the Program for Innovative Talents Entrepreneur in Jiangsu, the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation No. 2020M670023, and the National Key R&D Program of China No. 2019YFA0405500. P.W. acknowledges support from the Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (id. 2021055), CAS Project for Young Scientists in Basic Research (grant YSBR-006), and the Cultivation Project for FAST Scientific Payoff and Research Achievement of CAMS-CAS. Q.J.Z. is supported by the Guizhou Provincial Science and Technology Foundation (Nos. [2016]4008, [2017]5726-37, [2018]5769-02), the Foundation of Guizhou Provincial Education Department (No. KY (2020) 003). A.R., M.K, J.B., D.J.C., P.F., P.V.P., V.V.K and W.C. acknowledge continuing valuable support from the Max-Planck Society. A.R. and M.B. gratefully acknowledge financial support by the research grant "iPeska" (P.I. Andrea Possenti) funded under the INAF national call Prin-SKA/CTA approved with the Presidential Decree 70/2016. This work is partly supported by the Pilot Project for Integrated Innovation of Science, Education and Industry of Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences) under grant 2020KJC-ZD02, and the Aoshan Science and Technology Innovation Project under Grant 2018ASKJ01. Parts of this research were conducted by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery (OzGrav), through project number CE170100004. The MeerKAT telescope is operated by the South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, which is a facility of the National Research Foundation, an agency of the Department of Science and Innovation. TRAPUM observations used the FBFUSE and APSUSE computing clusters for data acquisition, storage, and analysis. These clusters were funded and installed by the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie and the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft We also thank the Parkes team for their great effort to install and commission the UWL receiver system.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China11988101
National Natural Science Foundation of China11725313
National Natural Science Foundation of China12103069
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaU2031121
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaU1731238
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaU2031117
National Natural Science Foundation of China12041305
National Natural Science Foundation of China12173016
National Natural Science Foundation of China12041301
National Natural Science Foundation of China12121003
ACAMAR FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics FellowshipAST-2001751
National Program on Key Research and Development Project2017YFA0402600
Key Research Project of Zhejiang Lab2021PE0AC03
China Manned Space ProjectCMS-CSST-2021-A08
China Manned Space ProjectCMS-CSST-2021-A07
Program for Innovative Talents Entrepreneur in JiangsuUNSPECIFIED
China Postdoctoral Science Foundation2020M670023
National Program on Key Research and Development Project2019YFA0405500
Chinese Academy of Sciences2021055
Chinese Academy of SciencesYSBR-006
Guizhou Provincial Science and Technology Foundation[2016]4008
Guizhou Provincial Science and Technology Foundation[2018]5769-02
Guizhou Provincial Science and Technology Foundation[2017]5726-37
Foundation of Guizhou Provincial Education DepartmentKY (2020) 003
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)70/2016
Shandong Academy of Sciences2020KJC-ZD02
Aoshan Science and Technology Innovation Project2018ASKJ01
Australian Research CouncilCE170100004
Subject Keywords:Globular star clusters; Eclipsing binary stars; Millisecond pulsars
Issue or Number:2
Classification Code:Unified Astronomy Thesaurus concepts: Globular star clusters (656); Eclipsing binary stars (444); Millisecond pulsars (1062)
DOI:10.3847/2041-8213/ac81c3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220729-893890000
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220729-893890000
Official Citation:Lei Zhang et al 2022 ApJL 934 L21
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:115974
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:01 Aug 2022 22:49
Last Modified:01 Aug 2022 22:49

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