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Wavefront shaping: A versatile tool to conquer multiple scattering in multidisciplinary fields

Yu, Zhipeng and Li, Huanhao and Zhong, Tianting and Park, Jung-Hoon and Cheng, Shengfu and Woo, Chi Man and Zhao, Qi and Yao, Jing and Zhou, Yingying and Huang, Xiazi and Pang, Weiran and Yoon, Hansol and Shen, Yuecheng and Liu, Honglin and Zheng, Yuanjin and Park, YongKeun and Wang, Lihong V. and Lai, Puxiang (2022) Wavefront shaping: A versatile tool to conquer multiple scattering in multidisciplinary fields. The Innovation, 3 (5). Art. No. 100292. ISSN 2666-6758. doi:10.1016/j.xinn.2022.100292.

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Optical techniques offer a wide variety of applications as light-matter interactions provide extremely sensitive mechanisms to probe or treat target media. Most of these implementations rely on the usage of ballistic or quasi-ballistic photons to achieve high spatial resolution. However, the inherent scattering nature of light in biological tissues or tissue-like scattering media constitutes a critical obstacle that has restricted the penetration depth of non-scattered photons and hence limited the implementation of most optical techniques for wider applications. In addition, the components of an optical system are usually designed and manufactured for a fixed function or performance. Recent advances in wavefront shaping have demonstrated that scattering- or component-induced phase distortions can be compensated by optimizing the wavefront of the input light pattern through iteration or by conjugating the transmission matrix of the scattering medium. This offers unprecedented opportunities in many applications to achieve controllable optical delivery or detection at depths, or dynamically configurable functionalities by using scattering media to substitute conventional optical components. In this article, the recent progress of wavefront shaping in multidisciplinary fields is reviewed, from optical focusing and imaging with scattering media, functionalized devices, modulation of mode coupling and nonlinearity in multimode fiber, and to multimode fiber-based applications. Apart from insights into the underlying principles and recent advances in wavefront shaping implementations, practical limitations and roadmap for future development are discussed in depth. Looking back and looking forward, it is believed that wavefront shaping holds a bright future that will open new avenues for noninvasive or minimally invasive optical interactions and arbitrary control inside deep tissues. The high degree of freedom with multiple scattering will also provide unprecedented opportunities to develop novel optical devices based on a single scattering medium (generic or customized) that can outperform traditional optical components.

Item Type:Article
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Shen, Yuecheng0000-0003-1990-8142
Liu, Honglin0000-0003-2473-9056
Wang, Lihong V.0000-0001-9783-4383
Additional Information:© 2022 The Author(s). Under a Creative Commons license. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Available online 2 August 2022. The work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (81930048, 81627805), Hong Kong Research Grant Council (15217721, R5029-19, C7074-21GF), Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Commission (GHP/043/19SZ, GHP/044/19GD), Guangdong Science and Technology Commission (2019A1515011374, 2019BT02X105), National Research Foundation of Korea (2015R1A3A2066550, 2021R1A2C3012903), and Institute of Information & communications Technology Planning & Evaluation (IITP; 2021-0-00745) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT). AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS. Y.P., L.W. and P.L. conceived and coordinated the mauscript. Z.Y., H.L., T.Z., J.P., S.C., C.W., Q.Z. and P.L. wrote the manuscript. Z.Y., H.L. and T.Z. prepared the figures. All authors were involved in the proofreading of the manuscript. The authors declare no competing interests.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China81930048
National Natural Science Foundation of China81627805
Research Grants Council of Hong Kong15217721
Research Grants Council of Hong KongR5029-19
Research Grants Council of Hong KongC7074-21GF
Hong Kong Innovation and Technology CommissionGHP/043/19SZ
Hong Kong Innovation and Technology CommissionGHP/044/19GD
Guangdong Science and Technology Commission2019A1515011374
Guangdong Science and Technology Commission2019BT02X105
National Research Foundation of Korea2015R1A3A2066550
National Research Foundation of Korea2021R1A2C301293
Ministry of Science and ICT (Korea)2021-0-00745
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220803-224712000
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Zhipeng Yu, Huanhao Li, Tianting Zhong, Jung-Hoon Park, Shengfu Cheng, Chi Man Woo, Qi Zhao, Jing Yao, Yingying Zhou, Xiazi Huang, Weiran Pang, Hansol Yoon, Yuecheng Shen, Honglin Liu, Yuanjin Zheng, YongKeun Park, Lihong V. Wang, Puxiang Lai, Wavefront shaping: A versatile tool to conquer multiple scattering in multidisciplinary fields, The Innovation, 2022, 100292, ISSN 2666-6758,
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:116066
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:03 Aug 2022 19:29
Last Modified:18 Oct 2022 21:49

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