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Narrowband Searches for Continuous and Long-duration Transient Gravitational Waves from Known Pulsars in the LIGO-Virgo Third Observing Run

Abbott, R. and Abbott, T. D. and Acernese, F. and Ackley, K. and Adams, C. and Adhikari, N. and Adhikari, R. X. and Adya, V. B. and Affeldt, C. and Agarwal, D. and Agathos, M. and Agatsuma, K. and Aggarwal, N. and Aguiar, O. D. and Aiello, L. and Ain, A. and Ajith, P. and Akutsu, T. and Albanesi, S. and Allocca, A. and Altin, P. A. and Amato, A. and Anand, C. and Anand, S. and Ananyeva, A. and Anderson, S. B. and Anderson, W. G. and Ando, M. and Andrade, T. and Andres, N. and Andrić, T. and Angelova, S. V. and Ansoldi, S. and Antelis, J. M. and Antier, S. and Appert, S. and Arai, Koji and Arai, Koya and Arai, Y. and Araki, S. and Araya, A. and Araya, M. C. and Areeda, J. S. and Arène, M. and Aritomi, N. and Arnaud, N. and Aronson, S. M. and Arun, K. G. and Asada, H. and Asali, Y. and Ashton, G. and Aso, Y. and Assiduo, M. and Aston, S. M. and Astone, P. and Aubin, F. and Austin, C. and Babak, S. and Badaracco, F. and Bader, M. K. M. and Badger, C. and Bae, S. and Bae, Y. and Baer, A. M. and Bagnasco, S. and Bai, Y. and Bailes, M. and Baiotti, L. and Baird, J. and Bajpai, R. and Ball, M. and Ballardin, G. and Ballmer, S. W. and Balsamo, A. and Baltus, G. and Banagiri, S. and Bankar, D. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barbieri, C. and Barish, B. C. and Barker, D. and Barneo, P. and Barone, F. and Barr, B. and Barsotti, L. and Barsuglia, M. and Barta, D. and Bartlett, J. and Barton, M. A. and Bartos, I. and Bassiri, R. and Basti, A. and Bawaj, M. and Bayley, J. C. and Baylor, A. C. and Bazzan, M. and Bécsy, B. and Bedakihale, V. M. and Bejger, M. and Belahcene, I. and Benedetto, V. and Beniwal, D. and Bennett, T. F. and Bentley, J. D. and BenYaala, M. and Bergamin, F. and Berger, B. K. and Bernuzzi, S. and Bersanetti, D. and Bertolini, A. and Betzwieser, J. and Beveridge, D. and Bhandare, R. and Bhardwaj, U. and Bhattacharjee, D. and Bhaumik, S. and Bilenko, I. A. and Billingsley, G. and Bini, S. and Birney, R. and Birnholtz, O. and Biscans, S. and Bischi, M. and Biscoveanu, S. and Bisht, A. and Biswas, B. and Bitossi, M. and Bizouard, M.-A. and Blackburn, J. K. and Blair, C. D. and Blair, D. G. and Blair, R. M. and Bobba, F. and Bode, N. and Boer, M. and Bogaert, G. and Boldrini, M. and Bonavena, L. D. and Bondu, F. and Bonilla, E. and Bonnand, R. and Booker, P. and Boom, B. A. and Bork, R. and Boschi, V. and Bose, N. and Bose, S. and Bossilkov, V. and Boudart, V. and Bouffanais, Y. and Bozzi, A. and Bradaschia, C. and Brady, P. R. and Bramley, A. and Branch, A. and Branchesi, M. and Brau, J. E. and Breschi, M. and Briant, T. and Briggs, J. H. and Brillet, A. and Brinkmann, M. and Brockill, P. and Brooks, A. F. and Brooks, J. and Brown, D. D. and Brunett, S. and Bruno, G. and Bruntz, R. and Bryant, J. and Bulik, T. and Bulten, H. J. and Buonanno, A. and Buscicchio, R. and Buskulic, D. and Buy, C. and Byer, R. L. and Cadonati, L. and Cagnoli, G. and Cahillane, C. and Calderón Bustillo, J. and Callaghan, J. D. and Callister, T. A. and Calloni, E. and Cameron, J. and Camp, J. B. and Canepa, M. and Canevarolo, S. and Cannavacciuolo, M. and Cannon, K. C. and Cao, H. and Cao, Z. and Capocasa, E. and Capote, E. and Carapella, G. and Carbognani, F. and Carlin, J. B. and Carney, M. F. and Carpinelli, M. and Carrillo, G. and Carullo, G. and Carver, T. L. and Casanueva Diaz, J. and Casentini, C. and Castaldi, G. and Caudill, S. and Cavaglià, M. and Cavalier, F. and Cavalieri, R. and Ceasar, M. and Cella, G. and Cerdá-Durán, P. and Cesarini, E. and Chaibi, W. and Chakravarti, K. and Chalathadka Subrahmanya, S. and Champion, E. and Chan, C.-H. and Chan, C. and Chan, C. L. and Chan, K. and Chan, M. and Chandra, K. and Chanial, P. and Chao, S. and Charlton, P. and Chase, E. A. and Chassande-Mottin, E. and Chatterjee, C. and Chatterjee, Debarati and Chatterjee, Deep and Chaturvedi, M. and Chaty, S. and Chen, C. and Chen, H. Y. and Chen, J. and Chen, K. and Chen, X. and Chen, Y.-B. and Chen, Y.-R. and Chen, Z. and Cheng, H. and Cheong, C. K. and Cheung, H. Y. and Chia, H. Y. and Chiadini, F. and Chiang, C.-Y. and Chiarini, G. and Chierici, R. and Chincarini, A. and Chiofalo, M. L. and Chiummo, A. and Cho, G. and Cho, H. S. and Choudhary, R. K. and Choudhary, S. and Christensen, N. and Chu, H. and Chu, Q. and Chu, Y.-K. and Chua, S. and Chung, K. W. and Ciani, G. and Ciecielag, P. and Cieślar, M. and Cifaldi, M. and Ciobanu, A. A. and Ciolfi, R. and Cipriano, F. and Cirone, A. and Clara, F. and Clark, E. N. and Clark, J. A. and Clarke, L. and Clearwater, P. and Clesse, S. and Cleva, F. and Coccia, E. and Codazzo, E. and Cohadon, P.-F. and Cohen, D. E. and Cohen, L. and Colleoni, M. and Collette, C. G. and Colombo, A. and Colpi, M. and Compton, C. M. and Constancio, M. and Conti, L. and Cooper, S. J. and Corban, P. and Corbitt, T. R. and Cordero-Carrión, I. and Corezzi, S. and Corley, K. R. and Cornish, N. and Corre, D. and Corsi, A. and Cortese, S. and Costa, C. A. and Cotesta, R. and Coughlin, M. W. and Coulon, J.-P. and Countryman, S. T. and Cousins, B. and Couvares, P. and Coward, D. M. and Cowart, M. J. and Coyne, D. C. and Coyne, R. and Creighton, J. D. E. and Creighton, T. D. and Criswell, A. W. and Croquette, M. and Crowder, S. G. and Cudell, J. R. and Cullen, T. J. and Cumming, A. and Cummings, R. and Cunningham, L. and Cuoco, E. and Curyło, M. and Dabadie, P. and Dal Canton, T. and Dall’Osso, S. and Dálya, G. and Dana, A. and DaneshgaranBajastani, L. M. and D’Angelo, B. and Danilishin, S. and D’Antonio, S. and Danzmann, K. and Darsow-Fromm, C. and Dasgupta, A. and Datrier, L. E. H. and Datta, S. and Dattilo, V. and Dave, I. and Davier, M. and Davies, G. S. and Davis, D. and Davis, M. C. and Daw, E. J. and Dean, R. and DeBra, D. and Deenadayalan, M. and Degallaix, J. and De Laurentis, M. and Deléglise, S. and Del Favero, V. and De Lillo, F. and De Lillo, N. and Del Pozzo, W. and DeMarchi, L. M. and De Matteis, F. and D’Emilio, V. and Demos, N. and Dent, T. and Depasse, A. and De Pietri, R. and De Rosa, R. and De Rossi, C. and DeSalvo, R. and De Simone, R. and Dhurandhar, S. and Díaz, M. C. and Diaz-Ortiz, M. and Didio, N. A. and Dietrich, T. and Di Fiore, L. and Di Fronzo, C. and Di Giorgio, C. and Di Giovanni, F. and Di Giovanni, M. and Di Girolamo, T. and Di Lieto, A. and Ding, B. and Di Pace, S. and Di Palma, I. and Di Renzo, F. and Divakarla, A. K. and Dmitriev, A. and Doctor, Z. and D’Onofrio, L. and Donovan, F. and Dooley, K. L. and Doravari, S. and Dorrington, I. and Drago, M. and Driggers, J. C. and Drori, Y. and Ducoin, J.-G. and Dupej, P. and Durante, O. and D’Urso, D. and Duverne, P.-A. and Dwyer, S. E. and Eassa, C. and Easter, P. J. and Ebersold, M. and Eckhardt, T. and Eddolls, G. and Edelman, B. and Edo, T. B. and Edy, O. and Effler, A. and Eguchi, S. and Eichholz, J. and Eikenberry, S. S. and Eisenmann, M. and Eisenstein, R. A. and Ejlli, A. and Engelby, E. and Enomoto, Y. and Errico, L. and Essick, R. C. and Estellés, H. and Estevez, D. and Etienne, Z. and Etzel, T. and Evans, M. and Evans, T. M. and Ewing, B. E. and Fafone, V. and Fair, H. and Fairhurst, S. and Farah, A. M. and Farinon, S. and Farr, B. and Farr, W. M. and Farrow, N. W. and Fauchon-Jones, E. J. and Favaro, G. and Favata, M. and Fays, M. and Fazio, M. and Feicht, J. and Fejer, M. M. and Fenyvesi, E. and Ferguson, D. L. and Fernandez-Galiana, A. and Ferrante, I. and Ferreira, T. A. and Fidecaro, F. and Figura, P. and Fiori, I. and Fishbach, M. and Fisher, R. P. and Fittipaldi, R. and Fiumara, V. and Flaminio, R. and Floden, E. and Fong, H. and Font, J. A. and Fornal, B. and Forsyth, P. W. F. and Franke, A. and Frasca, S. and Frasconi, F. and Frederick, C. and Freed, J. P. and Frei, Z. and Freise, A. and Frey, R. and Fritschel, P. and Frolov, V. V. and Fronzé, G. G. and Fujii, Y. and Fujikawa, Y. and Fukunaga, M. and Fukushima, M. and Fulda, P. and Fyffe, M. and Gabbard, H. A. and Gadre, B. U. and Gair, J. R. and Gais, J. and Galaudage, S. and Gamba, R. and Ganapathy, D. and Ganguly, A. and Gao, D. and Gaonkar, S. G. and Garaventa, B. and García-Núñez, C. and García-Quirós, C. and Garufi, F. and Gateley, B. and Gaudio, S. and Gayathri, V. and Ge, G.-G. and Gemme, G. and Gennai, A. and George, J. and Gerberding, O. and Gergely, L. and Gewecke, P. and Ghonge, S. and Ghosh, Abhirup and Ghosh, Archisman and Ghosh, Shaon and Ghosh, Shrobana and Giacomazzo, B. and Giacoppo, L. and Giaime, J. A. and Giardina, K. D. and Gibson, D. R. and Gier, C. and Giesler, M. and Giri, P. and Gissi, F. and Glanzer, J. and Gleckl, A. E. and Godwin, P. and Goetz, E. and Goetz, R. and Gohlke, N. and Goncharov, B. and González, G. and Gopakumar, A. and Gosselin, M. and Gouaty, R. and Gould, D. W. and Grace, B. and Grado, A. and Granata, M. and Granata, V. and Grant, A. and Gras, S. and Grassia, P. and Gray, C. and Gray, R. and Greco, G. and Green, A. C. and Green, R. and Gretarsson, A. M. and Gretarsson, E. M. and Griffith, D. W. T. and Griffiths, W. and Griggs, H. L. and Grignani, G. and Grimaldi, A. and Grimm, S. J. and Grote, H. and Grunewald, S. and Gruning, P. and Guerra, D. and Guidi, G. M. and Guimaraes, A. R. and Guixé, G. and Gulati, H. K. and Guo, H.-K. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, Anchal and Gupta, Anuradha and Gupta, P. and Gustafson, E. K. and Gustafson, R. and Guzman, F. and Ha, S. and Haegel, L. and Hagiwara, A. and Haino, S. and Halim, O. and Hall, E. D. and Hamilton, E. Z. and Hammond, G. and Han, W.-B. and Haney, M. and Hanks, J. and Hanna, C. and Hannam, M. D. and Hannuksela, O. and Hansen, H. and Hansen, T. J. and Hanson, J. and Harder, T. and Hardwick, T. and Haris, K. and Harms, J. and Harry, G. M. and Harry, I. W. and Hartwig, D. and Hasegawa, K. and Haskell, B. and Hasskew, R. K. and Haster, C.-J. and Hattori, K. and Haughian, K. and Hayakawa, H. and Hayama, K. and Hayes, F. J. and Healy, J. and Heidmann, A. and Heidt, A. and Heintze, M. C. and Heinze, J. and Heinzel, J. and Heitmann, H. and Hellman, F. and Hello, P. and Helmling-Cornell, A. F. and Hemming, G. and Hendry, M. and Heng, I. S. and Hennes, E. and Hennig, J. and Hennig, M. H. and Hernandez, A. G. and Hernandez Vivanco, F. and Heurs, M. and Hild, S. and Hill, P. and Himemoto, Y. and Hines, A. S. and Hiranuma, Y. and Hirata, N. and Hirose, E. and Ho, W. C. G. and Hochheim, S. and Hofman, D. and Hohmann, J. N. and Holcomb, D. G. and Holland, N. A. and Hollows, I. J. and Holmes, Z. J. and Holt, K. and Holz, D. E. and Hong, Z. and Hopkins, P. and Hough, J. and Hourihane, S. and Howell, E. J. and Hoy, C. G. and Hoyland, D. and Hreibi, A. and Hsieh, B.-H. and Hsu, Y. and Huang, G.-Z. and Huang, H.-Y. and Huang, P. and Huang, Y-C. and Huang, Y.-J. and Huang, Y. and Hübner, M. T. and Huddart, A. D. and Hughey, B. and Hui, D. C. Y. and Hui, V. and Husa, S. and Huttner, S. H. and Huxford, R. and Huynh-Dinh, T. and Ide, S. and Idzkowski, B. and Iess, A. and Ikenoue, B. and Imam, S. and Inayoshi, K. and Ingram, C. and Inoue, Y. and Ioka, K. and Isi, M. and Isleif, K. and Ito, K. and Itoh, Y. and Iyer, B. R. and Izumi, K. and JaberianHamedan, V. and Jacqmin, T. and Jadhav, S. J. and Jadhav, S. P. and James, A. L. and Jan, A. Z. and Jani, K. and Janquart, J. and Janssens, K. and Janthalur, N. N. and Jaranowski, P. and Jariwala, D. and Jaume, R. and Jenkins, A. C. and Jenner, K. and Jeon, C. and Jeunon, M. and Jia, W. and Jin, H.-B. and Johns, G. R. and Jones, A. W. and Jones, D. I. and Jones, J. D. and Jones, P. and Jones, R. and Jonker, R. J. G. and Ju, L. and Jung, P. and Jung, K. and Junker, J. and Juste, V. and Kaihotsu, K. and Kajita, T. and Kakizaki, M. and Kalaghatgi, C. V. and Kalogera, V. and Kamai, B. and Kamiizumi, M. and Kanda, N. and Kandhasamy, S. and Kang, G. and Kanner, J. B. and Kao, Y. and Kapadia, S. J. and Kapasi, D. P. and Karat, S. and Karathanasis, C. and Karki, S. and Kashyap, R. and Kasprzack, M. and Kastaun, W. and Katsanevas, S. and Katsavounidis, E. and Katzman, W. and Kaur, T. and Kawabe, K. and Kawaguchi, K. and Kawai, N. and Kawasaki, T. and Kéfélian, F. and Keitel, D. and Key, J. S. and Khadka, S. and Khalili, F. Y. and Khan, S. and Khazanov, E. A. and Khetan, N. and Khursheed, M. and Kijbunchoo, N. and Kim, C. and Kim, J. C. and Kim, J. and Kim, K. and Kim, W. S. and Kim, Y.-M. and Kimball, C. and Kimura, N. and Kinley-Hanlon, M. and Kirchhoff, R. and Kissel, J. S. and Kita, N. and Kitazawa, H. and Kleybolte, L. and Klimenko, S. and Knee, A. M. and Knowles, T. D. and Knyazev, E. and Koch, P. and Koekoek, G. and Kojima, Y. and Kokeyama, K. and Koley, S. and Kolitsidou, P. and Kolstein, M. and Komori, K. and Kondrashov, V. and Kong, A. K. H. and Kontos, A. and Koper, N. and Korobko, M. and Kotake, K. and Kovalam, M. and Kozak, D. B. and Kozakai, C. and Kozu, R. and Kringel, V. and Krishnendu, N. V. and Królak, A. and Kuehn, G. and Kuei, F. and Kuijer, P. and Kumar, A. and Kumar, P. and Kumar, Rahul and Kumar, Rakesh and Kume, J. and Kuns, K. and Kuo, C. and Kuo, H-S. and Kuromiya, Y. and Kuroyanagi, S. and Kusayanagi, K. and Kuwahara, S. and Kwak, K. and Lagabbe, P. and Laghi, D. and Lalande, E. and Lam, T. L. and Lamberts, A. and Landry, M. and Lane, B. B. and Lang, R. N. and Lange, J. and Lantz, B. and La Rosa, I. and Lartaux-Vollard, A. and Lasky, P. D. and Laxen, M. and Lazzarini, A. and Lazzaro, C. and Leaci, P. and Leavey, S. and Lecoeuche, Y. K. and Lee, H. K. and Lee, H. M. and Lee, H. W. and Lee, J. and Lee, K. and Lee, R. and Lehmann, J. and Lemaître, A. and Leonardi, M. and Leroy, N. and Letendre, N. and Levesque, C. and Levin, Y. and Leviton, J. N. and Leyde, K. and Li, A. K. Y. and Li, B. and Li, J. and Li, K. L. and Li, T. G. F. and Li, X. and Lin, C-Y. and Lin, F-K. and Lin, F-L. and Lin, H. L. and Lin, L. C.-C. and Linde, F. and Linker, S. D. and Linley, J. N. and Littenberg, T. B. and Liu, G. C. and Liu, J. and Liu, K. and Liu, X. and Llamas, F. and Llorens-Monteagudo, M. and Lo, R. K. L. and Lockwood, A. and London, L. T. and Longo, A. and Lopez, D. and Lopez Portilla, M. and Lorenzini, M. and Loriette, V. and Lormand, M. and Losurdo, G. and Lott, T. P. and Lough, J. D. and Lousto, C. O. and Lovelace, G. and Lucaccioni, J. F. and Lück, H. and Lumaca, D. and Lundgren, A. P. and Luo, L.-W. and Lynam, J. E. and Macas, R. and MacInnis, M. and Macleod, D. M. and MacMillan, I. A. O. and Macquet, A. and Magaña Hernandez, I. and Magazzù, C. and Magee, R. 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(2022) Narrowband Searches for Continuous and Long-duration Transient Gravitational Waves from Known Pulsars in the LIGO-Virgo Third Observing Run. Astrophysical Journal, 932 (2). Art. No. 133. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ac6ad0. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220808-886915000

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Abstract

Isolated neutron stars that are asymmetric with respect to their spin axis are possible sources of detectable continuous gravitational waves. This paper presents a fully coherent search for such signals from eighteen pulsars in data from LIGO and Virgo’s third observing run (O3). For known pulsars, efficient and sensitive matched-filter searches can be carried out if one assumes the gravitational radiation is phase-locked to the electromagnetic emission. In the search presented here, we relax this assumption and allow both the frequency and the time derivative of the frequency of the gravitational waves to vary in a small range around those inferred from electromagnetic observations. We find no evidence for continuous gravitational waves, and set upper limits on the strain amplitude for each target. These limits are more constraining for seven of the targets than the spin-down limit defined by ascribing all rotational energy loss to gravitational radiation. In an additional search, we look in O3 data for long-duration (hours–months) transient gravitational waves in the aftermath of pulsar glitches for six targets with a total of nine glitches. We report two marginal outliers from this search, but find no clear evidence for such emission either. The resulting duration-dependent strain upper limits do not surpass indirect energy constraints for any of these targets.


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https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac6ad0DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/2112.10990arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, R. X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Aguiar, O. D.0000-0002-2139-4390
Anand, S.0000-0003-3768-7515
Anderson, S. B.0000-0003-2219-9383
Arai, Koji0000-0001-8916-8915
Araya, M. C.0000-0002-6018-6447
Badaracco, F.0000-0001-8553-7904
Barish, B. C.0000-0001-6386-7371
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Biscans, S.0000-0002-9635-7527
Biscoveanu, S.0000-0001-7616-7366
Bizouard, M.-A.0000-0002-4618-1674
Blackburn, J. K.0000-0002-3838-2986
Bouffanais, Y.0000-0003-3462-0366
Brady, P. R.0000-0002-4611-9387
Branchesi, M.0000-0003-1643-0526
Brooks, A. F.0000-0003-4295-792X
Buonanno, A.0000-0002-5433-1409
Calderón Bustillo, J.0000-0002-4171-5884
Chalathadka Subrahmanya, S.0000-0002-9207-4669
Chassande-Mottin, E.0000-0003-3768-9908
Chatterjee, Deep0000-0003-0038-5468
Chen, Y.-B.0000-0002-9730-9463
Chiang, C.-Y.0000-0002-9630-4003
Chincarini, A.0000-0003-4094-9942
Chiummo, A.0000-0003-2165-2967
Cieślar, M.0000-0001-8912-5587
Ciobanu, A. A.0000-0002-4793-093X
Ciolfi, R.0000-0003-3140-8933
Cordero-Carrión, I.0000-0002-1985-1361
Coughlin, M. W.0000-0002-8262-2924
Countryman, S. T.0000-0003-0613-2760
Couvares, P.0000-0002-2823-3127
Coyne, D. C.0000-0002-6427-3222
Creighton, J. D. E.0000-0003-3600-2406
Criswell, A. W.0000-0002-9225-7756
Dal Canton, T.0000-0001-5078-9044
Darsow-Fromm, C.0000-0001-9602-0388
Datrier, L. E. H.0000-0002-0290-3129
Davis, D.0000-0001-5620-6751
Degallaix, J.0000-0002-1019-6911
De Laurentis, M.0000-0002-9945-682X
Deléglise, S.0000-0002-8680-5170
De Lillo, F.0000-0003-4977-0789
De Lillo, N.0000-0002-5083-3639
Del Pozzo, W.0000-0003-3978-2030
DeMarchi, L. M.0000-0003-4587-2366
De Matteis, F.0000-0001-7860-9754
De Simone, R.0000-0002-7555-8856
Di Giorgio, C.0000-0003-2127-3991
Di Giovanni, F.0000-0001-8568-9334
Di Girolamo, T.0000-0003-2339-4471
Di Lieto, A.0000-0002-4787-0754
Di Pace, S.0000-0001-6759-5676
Di Palma, I.0000-0003-1544-8943
Di Renzo, F.0000-0002-5447-3810
Driggers, J. C.0000-0002-6134-7628
Drori, Y.0000-0001-6590-1828
D’Urso, D.0000-0002-8215-4542
Edo, T. B.0000-0001-9828-028X
Eichholz, J.0000-0002-2643-163X
Fauchon-Jones, E. J.0000-0002-4200-892X
Feicht, J.0000-0001-5223-7091
Fejer, M. M.0000-0002-5512-1905
Fernandez-Galiana, A.0000-0002-8940-9261
Fritschel, P.0000-0003-1983-3187
Fronzé, G. G.0000-0003-0966-4279
García-Quirós, C.0000-0002-8059-2477
Griffith, D. W. T.0000-0002-7986-1924
Gupta, Anchal0000-0002-1762-9644
Gupta, Anuradha0000-0002-5441-9013
Hannuksela, O.0000-0002-3887-7137
Helmling-Cornell, A. F.0000-0002-7709-8638
Hernandez Vivanco, F.0000-0002-1942-7608
Ho, W. C. G.0000-0002-6089-6836
Hourihane, S.0000-0002-9152-0719
Hui, D. C. Y.0000-0003-1753-1660
Idzkowski, B.0000-0001-5869-2714
JaberianHamedan, V.0000-0003-3605-4169
Kalogera, V.0000-0001-9236-5469
Kamai, B.0000-0001-6521-9351
Kanner, J. B.0000-0001-8115-0577
Kasprzack, M.0000-0003-4618-5939
Kéfélian, F.0000-0001-9656-0261
Kijbunchoo, N.0000-0002-2874-1228
Kinley-Hanlon, M.0000-0002-7367-8002
Kong, A. K. H.0000-0002-5105-344X
Kozak, D. B.0000-0003-3118-8950
Lane, B. B.0000-0002-7379-3764
Lazzarini, A.0000-0002-5993-8808
Lecoeuche, Y. K.0000-0002-9186-7034
Leonardi, M.0000-0002-7641-0060
Li, A. K. Y.0000-0001-6728-6523
Li, T. G. F.0000-0003-4297-7365
Llorens-Monteagudo, M.0000-0003-4984-2527
Lo, R. K. L.0000-0003-1561-6716
MacMillan, I. A. O.0000-0002-6927-1031
Magaña Hernandez, I.0000-0003-2362-0459
Magazzù, C.0000-0002-9913-381X
Mantovani, M.0000-0002-4424-5726
Marchesoni, F.0000-0001-6482-1842
Márka, S.0000-0002-3957-1324
Markowitz, A.0000-0003-0223-2342
Massinger, T. J.0000-0002-3429-5025
Masso-Reid, M.0000-0001-6177-8105
Matichard, F.0000-0001-8982-8418
McCuller, L.0000-0003-0851-0593
McWilliams, S. T.0000-0003-2397-8290
Menendez-Vazquez, A.0000-0002-0828-8219
Meshkov, S.0000-0002-7973-5338
Miravet-Tenés, M.0000-0002-8766-1156
Mitrofanov, V. P.0000-0002-6983-4981
Mo, Geoffrey0000-0001-6331-112X
Mow-Lowry, C. M.0000-0002-0351-4555
Mukherjee, Arunava0000-0003-1274-5846
Mukherjee, Suvodip0000-0002-3373-5236
Ng, K. Y.0000-0001-5843-1434
Ng, S. W. S.0000-0001-5843-1434
Nguyen Quynh, L.0000-0002-1828-3702
Ossokine, S.0000-0002-2579-1246
Ottaway, D. J.0000-0001-6794-1591
Pang, P. T. H.0000-0001-7041-3239
Pascucci, D.0000-0003-1907-0175
Passaquieti, R.0000-0003-4753-9428
Peña Arellano, F. E.0000-0002-8516-5159
Pfeiffer, H. P.0000-0001-9288-519X
Piendibene, M.0000-0003-2434-488X
Piergiovanni, F.0000-0001-8063-828X
Piotrzkowski, K.0000-0002-6226-957X
Pitkin, M. D.0000-0003-4548-526X
Porter, E. K.0000-0001-7042-0914
Quetschke, V.0000-0002-8012-4868
Quitzow-James, R.0000-0003-1233-633X
Ramos-Buades, A.0000-0002-6874-7421
Reitze, D. H.0000-0002-5756-1111
Renzini, A.0000-0002-7093-7355
Richardson, J. W.0000-0002-1472-4806
Rollins, J. G.0000-0002-9388-2799
Romero-Rodríguez, A.0000-0003-2275-4164
Sanchez, L. E.0000-0001-6903-5736
Scheel, M.0000-0001-6656-9134
Seglar-Arroyo, M.0000-0001-8654-409X
Shoemaker, D. H.0000-0002-4147-2560
Shoemaker, D. M.0000-0002-9899-6357
Singer, L. P.0000-0001-9898-5597
Slagmolen, B. J. J.0000-0002-2471-3828
Smith, R. J. E.0000-0001-8516-3324
Suzuki, Takamasa0000-0002-1977-0510
Szczepańczyk, M. J.0000-0002-6167-6149
Talbot, C.0000-0003-2053-5582
Tanaka, Takahiro0000-0002-4913-2720
Tanner, D. B.0000-0003-1940-4710
Tapia San Martín, E. N.0000-0002-4817-5606
Torres-Forné, A.0000-0001-8709-5118
Tosta e Melo, I.0000-0001-5833-4052
Trapananti, A.0000-0001-7763-5758
Travasso, F.0000-0002-4653-6156
Tringali, M. C.0000-0001-5087-189X
Tripathee, A.0000-0002-6976-5576
Trovato, A.0000-0002-9714-1904
Tso, R.0000-0003-4464-0117
Vajente, G.0000-0002-7656-6882
van Beuzekom, M.0000-0002-0500-1286
van den Brand, J. F. J.0000-0003-4434-5353
van Heijningen, J. V.0000-0002-8391-7513
Venugopalan, G.0000-0003-4414-9918
Villa-Ortega, V.0000-0001-7983-1963
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Willis, J. L.0000-0002-9929-0225
Wofford, J. K.0000-0002-4301-2859
Wong, I. C. F.0000-0003-2166-0027
Xiao, L.0000-0003-2703-449X
Yamamoto, H.0000-0001-6919-9570
Yu, Hang0000-0002-6011-6190
Yu, Haocun0000-0002-7597-098X
Zhang, L.0000-0002-0898-787X
Zucker, M. E.0000-0002-2544-1596
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Basu, A.0000-0002-4142-7831
Bogdanov, S.0000-0002-9870-2742
Cognard, I.0000-0002-1775-9692
Crowter, K.0000-0002-1529-5169
Enoto, T.0000-0003-1244-3100
Flynn, C. M. L.0000-0003-1110-0712
Fonseca, E.0000-0001-8384-5049
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Guillemot, L.0000-0002-9049-8716
Guillot, S.0000-0002-6449-106X
Harding, A. K.0000-0001-6119-859X
Keith, M. J.0000-0001-5567-5492
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McKee, J. W.0000-0002-2885-8485
Meyers, B. W.0000-0001-8845-1225
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Shannon, R. M.0000-0002-7285-6348
Shaw, B.0000-0002-9581-2452
Stairs, I. H.0000-0001-9784-8670
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Theureau, G.0000-0002-3649-276X
Weltevrede, P.0000-0003-2122-4540
Additional Information:© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society. Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Received 2021 December 20; revised 2022 March 20; accepted 2022 March 21; published 2022 June 27. This material is based upon work supported by NSF's LIGO Laboratory, which is a major facility fully funded by the National Science Foundation. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society (MPS), and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction of Advanced LIGO and construction and operation of the GEO 600 detector. Additional support for Advanced LIGO was provided by the Australian Research Council. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector and the creation and support of the EGO consortium. The authors also gratefully acknowledge research support from these agencies as well as by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology, India, the Science & Engineering Research Board (SERB), India, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, India, the Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI), the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación and Ministerio de Universidades, the Conselleria de Fons Europeus, Universitat i Cultura and the Direcció General de Política Universitaria i Recerca del Govern de les Illes Balears, the Conselleria d'Innovació Universitats, Ciència i Societat Digital de la Generalitat Valenciana and the CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain, the National Science Centre of Poland and the European Union—European Regional Development Fund; Foundation for Polish Science (FNP), the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, the Russian Science Foundation, the European Commission, the European Social Funds (ESF), the European Regional Development Funds (ERDF), the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA), the French Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO), the Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FRS-FNRS), Actions de Recherche Concertées (ARC) and Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek—Vlaanderen (FWO), Belgium, the Paris Île-de-France Region, the National Research, Development and Innovation Office Hungary (NKFIH), the National Research Foundation of Korea, the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, Canadian Foundation for Innovation (CFI), the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovations, the International Center for Theoretical Physics South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTP-SAIFR), the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the Leverhulme Trust, the Research Corporation, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan, the United States Department of Energy, and the Kavli Foundation. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the NSF, STFC, INFN, and CNRS for provision of computational resources. This work was supported by MEXT, JSPS Leading-edge Research Infrastructure Program, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research 26000005, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas 2905: JP17H06358, JP17H06361 and JP17H06364, JSPS Core-to-Core Program A. Advanced Research Networks, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) 17H06133 and 20H05639, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Transformative Research Areas (A) 20A203: JP20H05854, the joint research program of the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, National Research Foundation (NRF), Computing Infrastructure Project of KISTI-GSDC, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI), and Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) in Korea, Academia Sinica (AS), AS Grid Center (ASGC) and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) in Taiwan under grants including AS-CDA-105-M06, Advanced Technology Center (ATC) of NAOJ, and Mechanical Engineering Center of KEK. We would like to thank all of the essential workers who put their health at risk during the COVID-19 pandemic, without whom we would not have been able to complete this work. We acknowledge that CHIME is located on the traditional, ancestral, and unceded territory of the Syilx/Okanagan people. We are grateful to the staff of the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada. CHIME is funded by a grant from the Canada Foundation for Innovation (CFI) 2012 Leading Edge Fund (Project 31170) and by contributions from the provinces of British Columbia, Québec, and Ontario. The CHIME/FRB Project, which enabled development in common with the CHIME/Pulsar instrument, is funded by a grant from the CFI 2015 Innovation Fund (Project 33213) and by contributions from the provinces of British Columbia and Québec, and by the Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Toronto. Additional support was provided by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), McGill University, and the McGill Space Institute thanks to the Trottier Family Foundation, and the University of British Columbia. The CHIME/Pulsar instrument hardware was funded by NSERC RTI-1 grant EQPEQ 458893-2014. This research was enabled in part by support provided by WestGrid (www.westgrid.ca) and Compute Canada (www.computecanada.ca). We acknowledge support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) funding reference #CITA 490888-16, the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and the UBC Four Year Fellowship (6456). We acknowledge support from EPSRC/STFC fellowship (EP/T017325/1), ANID/FONDECYT grants 1171421 and 1211964, and NASA grants 80NSSC19K1444 and 80NSSC21K0091. This work is supported by NASA through the NICER mission and the Astrophysics Explorers Program, and uses data and software provided by the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC), which is a service of the Astrophysics Science Division at NASA/GSFC and High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. Software: Astropy (Robitaille et al. 2013; Price-Whelan et al. 2018), corner.py (Foreman-Mackey 2016), distromax (Tenorio et al. 2021c, 2022), GWpy (Macleod et al. 2021), LALSuite (LIGO Scientific Collaboration 2021), matplotlib (Hunter 2007), numpy (Harris et al. 2020), OctApps (Wette et al. 2018b), pandas (McKinney 2010; Reback et al. 2020), ptemcee (Foreman-Mackey et al. 2013; Vousden et al. 2015), PyFstat (Ashton & Prix 2018; Ashton et al. 2021; Keitel et al. 2021), scipy (Virtanen et al. 2020), SWIGLAL (Wette 2020), Tempo (Nice et al. 2015), Tempo2 (Edwards et al. 2006).
Group:Astronomy Department, LIGO, TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Council of Science and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Science and Technology (India)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Human Resource Development (India)UNSPECIFIED
Agencia Estatal de InvestigaciónUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de UniversidadesUNSPECIFIED
Conselleria de Fons Europeus, Universitat i CulturaUNSPECIFIED
Direcció General de Política Universitaria i Recerca del Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d'Innovació Universitats, Ciència i Societat Digital de la Generalitat ValencianaUNSPECIFIED
Generalitat de CatalunyaUNSPECIFIED
National Science Centre (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
European Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Foundation for Polish ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)UNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Russian Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
European CommissionUNSPECIFIED
European Social FundUNSPECIFIED
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA)UNSPECIFIED
Lyon Institute of Origins (LIO)UNSPECIFIED
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO)UNSPECIFIED
Paris Île-de-France RegionUNSPECIFIED
National Research, Development and Innovation Office (Hungary)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)QPEQ 458893-2014
Canada Foundation for Innovation31170
Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e InovaçõesUNSPECIFIED
International Center for Theoretical Physics South American Institute for Fundamental Research (ICTP-SAIFR)UNSPECIFIED
Research Grants Council of Hong KongUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology (Taipei)AS-CDA-105-M06
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Kavli FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)UNSPECIFIED
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)26000005
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP17H06358
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP17H06361
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP17H06364
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)17H06133
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)20H05639
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP20H05854
Institute for Cosmic Ray ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and ICT (Korea)UNSPECIFIED
Academia SinicaUNSPECIFIED
National Astronomical Observatory of JapanUNSPECIFIED
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Council of CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Canada Foundation for Innovation33213
Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
University of TorontoUNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)UNSPECIFIED
McGill Space InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Trottier Family FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)CITA 490888-16
Canadian Institute for Theoretical AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
University of British ColumbiaUNSPECIFIED
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/T017325/1
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1171421
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1211964
NASA80NSSC19K1444
NASA80NSSC21K0091
Subject Keywords:Gravitational wave astronomy; Neutron stars; Pulsars
Issue or Number:2
DOI:10.3847/1538-4357/ac6ad0
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220808-886915000
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20220808-886915000
Official Citation:R. Abbott et al 2022 ApJ 932 133
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:116178
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:11 Aug 2022 23:46
Last Modified:08 Nov 2022 20:28

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