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Scintillation light detection in the 6-m drift-length ProtoDUNE Dual Phase liquid argon TPC

Abed Abud, A. and Abi, B. and Acciarri, R. and Acero, M. A. and Adames, M. R. and Adamov, G. and Adamowski, M. and Adams, D. and Adinolfi, M. and Aduszkiewicz, A. and Aguilar, J. and Ahmad, Z. and Ahmed, J. and Aimard, B. and Ali-Mohammadzadeh, B. and Alion, T. and Allison, K. and Alonso Monsalve, S. and AlRashed, M. and Alt, C. and Alton, A. and Alvarez, R. and Amedo, P. and Anderson, J. and Andreopoulos, C. and Andreotti, M. and Andrews, M. and Andrianala, F. and Andringa, S. and Anfimov, N. and Ankowski, A. and Antoniassi, M. and Antonova, M. and Antoshkin, A. and Antusch, S. and Aranda-Fernandez, A. and Arellano, L. and Arnold, L. O. and Arroyave, M. A. and Asaadi, J. and Asquith, L. and Aurisano, A. and Aushev, V. and Autiero, D. and Ayala Lara, V. and Ayala-Torres, M. and Azfar, F. and Back, A. and Back, H. and Back, J. J. and Backhouse, C. and Bagaturia, I. and Bagby, L. and Balashov, N. and Balasubramanian, S. and Baldi, P. and Baller, B. and Bambah, B. and Barao, F. and Barenboim, G. and Barham Alzas, P. and Barker, G. and Barkhouse, W. and Barnes, C. and Barr, G. and Barranco Monarca, J. and Barros, A. and Barros, N. and Barrow, J. L. and Basharina-Freshville, A. and Bashyal, A. and Basque, V. and Batchelor, C. and Batista das Chagas, E. and Battat, J. B. R. and Battisti, F. and Bay, F. and Bazetto, M. C. Q. and Bazo Alba, J. L. L. and Beacom, J. F. and Bechetoille, E. and Behera, B. and Beigbeder, C. and Bellantoni, L. and Bellettini, G. and Bellini, V. and Beltramello, O. and Benekos, N. and Benitez Montiel, C. and Bento Neves, F. and Berger, J. and Berkman, S. and Bernardini, P. and Berner, R. M. and Bersani, A. and Bertolucci, S. and Betancourt, M. and Betancur Rodríguez, A. and Bevan, A. and Bezawada, Y. and Bezerra, T. J. C. and Bhardwaj, A. and Bhatnagar, V. and Bhattacharjee, M. and Bhattarai, D. and Bhuller, S. and Bhuyan, B. and Biagi, S. and Bian, J. and Biassoni, M. and Biery, K. and Bilki, B. and Bishai, M. and Bitadze, A. and Blake, A. and Blaszczyk, F. and Blazey, G. C. and Blucher, E. and Boissevain, J. and Bolognesi, S. and Bolton, T. and Bomben, L. and Bonesini, M. and Bongrand, M. and Bonilla-Diaz, C. and Bonini, F. and Booth, A. and Boran, F. and Bordoni, S. and Borkum, A. and Bostan, N. and Bour, P. and Bourgeois, C. and Boyden, D. and Bracinik, J. and Braga, D. and Brailsford, D. and Branca, A. and Brandt, A. and Bremer, J. and Breton, D. and Brew, C. and Brice, S. J. and Brizzolari, C. and Bromberg, C. and Brooke, J. and Bross, A. and Brunetti, G. and Brunetti, M. and Buchanan, N. and Budd, H. and Butorov, I. and Cagnoli, I. and Cai, T. and Caiulo, D. and Calabrese, R. and Calafiura, P. and Calcutt, J. and Calin, M. and Calvez, S. and Calvo, E. and Caminata, A. and Campanelli, M. and Caratelli, D. and Carber, D. and Carceller, J. C. and Carini, G. and Carlus, B. and Carneiro, M. F. and Carniti, P. and Caro Terrazas, I. and Carranza, H. and Carroll, T. and Castaño Forero, J. F. and Castillo, A. and Castromonte, C. and Catano-Mur, E. and Cattadori, C. and Cavalier, F. and Cavallaro, G. and Cavanna, F. and Centro, S. and Cerati, G. and Cervelli, A. and Cervera Villanueva, A. and Chalifour, M. and Chappell, A. and Chardonnet, E. and Charitonidis, N. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chavarry Neyra, M. S. S. and Chen, H. and Chen, M. and Chen, Y. and Chen, Z. and Chen-Wishart, Z. and Cheon, Y. and Cherdack, D. and Chi, C. and Childress, S. and Chirco, R. and Chiriacescu, A. and Chisnall, G. and Cho, K. and Choate, S. and Chokheli, D. and Chong, P. S. and Christensen, A. and Christian, D. and Christodoulou, G. and Chukanov, A. and Chung, M. and Church, E. and Cicero, V. and Clarke, P. and Cline, G. and Coan, T. E. and Cocco, A. G. and Coelho, J. A. B. and Colton, N. and Conley, E. and Conley, R. and Conrad, J. and Convery, M. and Copello, S. and Cova, P. and Cremaldi, L. and Cremonesi, L. and Crespo-Anadón, J. I. and Crisler, M. and Cristaldo, E. and Crnkovic, J. and Cross, R. and Cudd, A. and Cuesta, C. and Cui, Y. and Cussans, D. and Dalager, O. and da Motta, H. and Da Silva Peres, L. and David, C. and David, Q. and Davies, G. S. and Davini, S. and Dawson, J. and De, K. and De, S. and Debbins, P. and De Bonis, I. and Decowski, M. P. and De Gouvêa, A. and De Holanda, P. C. and De Icaza Astiz, I. L. and Deisting, A. and De Jong, P. and Delbart, A. and Delepine, D. and Delgado, M. and Dell’Acqua, A. and Delmonte, N. and De Lurgio, P. and de Mello Neto, J. R. T. and DeMuth, D. M. and Dennis, S. and Densham, C. and Deptuch, G. W. and De Roeck, A. and De Romeri, V. and De Souza, G. and Devi, R. and Dharmapalan, R. and Dias, M. and Diaz, F. and Díaz, J. S. and Di Domizio, S. and Di Giulio, L. and Ding, P. and Di Noto, L. and Dirkx, G. and Distefano, C. and Diurba, R. and Diwan, M. and Djurcic, Z. and Doering, D. and Dolan, S. and Dolek, F. and Dolinski, M. and Domine, L. and Donon, Y. and Douglas, D. and Douillet, D. and Dragone, A. and Drake, G. and Drielsma, F. and Duarte, L. and Duchesneau, D. and Duffy, K. and Dunne, P. and Dutta, B. and Duyang, H. and Dvornikov, O. and Dwyer, D. and Dyshkant, A. and Eads, M. and Earle, A. and Edmunds, D. and Eisch, J. and Emberger, L. and Emery, S. and Englezos, P. and Ereditato, A. and Erjavec, T. and Escobar, C. and Eurin, G. and Evans, J. J. and Ewart, E. and Ezeribe, A. C. and Fahey, K. and Falcone, A. and Fani’, M. and Farnese, C. and Farzan, Y. and Fedoseev, D. and Felix, J. and Feng, Y. and Fernandez-Martinez, E. and Fernandez Menendez, P. and Fernandez Morales, M. and Ferraro, F. and Fields, L. and Filip, P. and Filthaut, F. and Fiorini, M. and Fischer, V. and Fitzpatrick, R. S. and Flanagan, W. and Fleming, B. and Flight, R. and Fogarty, S. and Foreman, W. and Fowler, J. and Fox, W. and Franc, J. and Francis, K. and Franco, D. and Freeman, J. and Freestone, J. and Fried, J. and Friedland, A. and Fuentes Robayo, F. and Fuess, S. and Furic, I. K. and Furman, K. and Furmanski, A. P. and Gabrielli, A. and Gago, A. and Gallagher, H. and Gallas, A. and Gallego-Ros, A. and Gallice, N. and Galymov, V. and Gamberini, E. and Gamble, T. and Ganacim, F. and Gandhi, R. and Gandrajula, R. and Gao, F. and Gao, S. and Garcia-Gamez, D. and García-Peris, M. Á. and Gardiner, S. and Gastler, D. and Gauvreau, J. and Ge, G. and Geffroy, N. and Gelli, B. and Gendotti, A. and Gent, S. and Ghorbani-Moghaddam, Z. and Giammaria, P. and Giammaria, T. and Giangiacomi, N. and Gibin, D. and Gil-Botella, I. and Gilligan, S. and Girerd, C. and Giri, A. K. and Gnani, D. and Gogota, O. and Gold, M. and Gollapinni, S. and Gollwitzer, K. and Gomes, R. A. and Gomez Bermeo, L. V. and Gomez Fajardo, L. S. and Gonnella, F. and Gonzalez-Diaz, D. and Gonzalez-Lopez, M. and Goodman, M. C. and Goodwin, O. and Goswami, S. and Gotti, C. and Goudzovski, E. and Grace, C. and Gran, R. and Granados, E. and Granger, P. and Grant, A. and Grant, C. and Gratieri, D. and Green, P. and Greenler, L. and Greer, J. and Grenard, J. and Griffith, W. C. and Groh, M. and Grudzinski, J. and Grzelak, K. and Gu, W. and Guardincerri, E. and Guarino, V. and Guarise, M. and Guenette, R. and Guerard, E. and Guerzoni, M. and Guffanti, D. and Guglielmi, A. and Guo, B. and Gupta, A. and Gupta, V. and Guthikonda, K. K. and Gutierrez, R. and Guzowski, P. and Guzzo, M. M. and Gwon, S. and Ha, C. and Haaf, K. and Habig, A. and Hadavand, H. and Haenni, R. and Hahn, A. and Haiston, J. and Hamacher-Baumann, P. and Hamernik, T. and Hamilton, P. and Han, J. and Harris, D. A. and Hartnell, J. and Hartnett, T. and Harton, J. and Hasegawa, T. and Hasnip, C. and Hatcher, R. and Hatfield, K. W. and Hatzikoutelis, A. and Hayes, C. and Hayrapetyan, K. and Hays, J. and Hazen, E. and He, M. and Heavey, A. and Heeger, K. M. and Heise, J. and Henry, S. and Hernandez Morquecho, M. A. and Herner, K. and Hewes, J. and Hilgenberg, C. and Hill, T. and Hillier, S. J. and Himmel, A. and Hinkle, E. and Hirsch, L. R. and Ho, J. and Hoff, J. and Holin, A. and Hoppe, E. and Horton-Smith, G. A. and Hostert, M. and Hourlier, A. and Howard, B. and Howell, R. and Hoyos, J. and Hristova, I. and Hronek, M. S. and Huang, J. and Hulcher, Z. and Iles, G. and Ilic, N. and Iliescu, A. M. and Illingworth, R. and Ingratta, G. and Ioannisian, A. and Irwin, B. and Isenhower, L. and Itay, R. and Jackson, C. M. and Jain, V. and James, E. and Jang, W. and Jargowsky, B. and Jediny, F. and Jena, D. and Jeong, Y. S. and Jesús-Valls, C. and Ji, X. and Jiang, L. and Jiménez, S. and Jipa, A. and Johnson, R. and Johnson, W. and Johnston, N. and Jones, B. and Jones, S. and Judah, M. and Jung, C. K. and Junk, T. and Jwa, Y. and Kabirnezhad, M. and Kaboth, A. and Kadenko, I. and Kakorin, I. and Kalitkina, A. and Kalra, D. and Kamiya, F. and Kaneshige, N. and Kaplan, D. M. and Karagiorgi, G. and Karaman, G. and Karcher, A. and Karolak, M. and Karyotakis, Y. and Kasai, S. and Kasetti, S. P. and Kashur, L. and Kazaryan, N. and Kearns, E. and Keener, P. and Kelly, K. J. and Kemp, E. and Kemularia, O. and Ketchum, W. and Kettell, S. H. and Khabibullin, M. and Khotjantsev, A. and Khvedelidze, A. and Kim, D. and King, B. and Kirby, B. and Kirby, M. and Klein, J. and Klustova, A. and Kobilarcik, T. and Koehler, K. and Koerner, L. W. and Koh, D. H. and Kohn, S. and Koller, P. P. and Kolupaeva, L. and Korablev, D. and Kordosky, M. and Kosc, T. and Kose, U. and Kostelecký, V. A. and Kothekar, K. and Kralik, R. and Kreczko, L. and Krennrich, F. and Kreslo, I. and Kropp, W. and Kroupova, T. and Kubota, S. and Kudenko, Y. and Kudryavtsev, V. A. and Kulagin, S. and Kumar, J. and Kumar, P. and Kunze, P. and Kurita, N. and Kuruppu, C. and Kus, V. and Kutter, T. and Kvasnicka, J. and Kwak, D. and Lambert, A. and Land, B. and Lane, C. E. and Lang, K. and Langford, T. and Langstaff, M. and Larkin, J. and Lasorak, P. and Last, D. and Laundrie, A. and Laurenti, G. and Lawrence, A. and Lazanu, I. and LaZur, R. and Lazzaroni, M. and Le, T. and Leardini, S. and Learned, J. and LeBrun, P. and LeCompte, T. and Lee, C. and Lee, S. Y. and Lehmann Miotto, G. and Lehnert, R. and Leigui de Oliveira, M. A. and Leitner, M. and Lepin, L. M. and Li, S. W. and Li, Y. and Liao, H. and Lin, C. S. and Lin, Q. and Lin, S. and Lineros, R. A. and Ling, J. and Lister, A. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, J. and Liu, Y. and Lockwitz, S. and Loew, T. and Lokajicek, M. and Lomidze, I. and Long, K. and Lord, T. and LoSecco, J. M. and Louis, W. C. and Lu, X.-G. and Luk, K. B. and Lunday, B. and Luo, X. and Luppi, E. and Lux, T. and Luzio, V. 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S. and Young, T. and Yu, B. and Yu, H. and Yu, H. and Yu, J. and Yu, Y. and Yuan, W. and Zaki, R. and Zalesak, J. and Zambelli, L. and Zamorano, B. and Zani, A. and Zazueta, L. and Zeller, G. P. and Zennamo, J. and Zeug, K. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, Y. and Zhao, M. and Zhivun, E. and Zhu, G. and Zimmerman, E. D. and Zucchelli, S. and Zuklin, J. and Zutshi, V. and Zwaska, R. (2022) Scintillation light detection in the 6-m drift-length ProtoDUNE Dual Phase liquid argon TPC. European Physical Journal C, 82 (7). Art. No. 618. ISSN 1434-6052. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-022-10549-w.

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DUNE is a dual-site experiment for long-baseline neutrino oscillation studies, neutrino astrophysics and nucleon decay searches. ProtoDUNE Dual Phase (DP) is a 6 x 6 x 6 m³ liquid argon time-projection-chamber (LArTPC) that recorded cosmic-muon data at the CERN Neutrino Platform in 2019-2020 as a prototype of the DUNE Far Detector. Charged particles propagating through the LArTPC produce ionization and scintillation light. The scintillation light signal in these detectors can provide the trigger for non-beam events. In addition, it adds precise timing capabilities and improves the calorimetry measurements. In ProtoDUNE-DP, scintillation and electroluminescence light produced by cosmic muons in the LArTPC is collected by photomultiplier tubes placed up to 7 m away from the ionizing track. In this paper, the ProtoDUNE-DP photon detection system performance is evaluated with a particular focus on the different wavelength shifters, such as PEN and TPB, and the use of Xe-doped LAr, considering its future use in giant LArTPCs. The scintillation light production and propagation processes are analyzed and a comparison of simulation to data is performed, improving understanding of the liquid argon properties.

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Abed Abud, A.0000-0002-2788-3822
Alonso Monsalve, S.0000-0002-9678-7121
Mualem, L.0000-0003-3716-5100
Patterson, R. B.0000-0002-5787-9517
Additional Information:© The Author(s) 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit Received: 31 March 2022 / Accepted: 24 June 2022. Funded by SCOAP3. SCOAP3 supports the goals of the International Year of Basic Sciences for Sustainable Development. The ProtoDUNE-DP detector was constructed and operated on the CERN Neutrino Platform. We gratefully acknowledge the support of the CERN management, and the CERN EP, BE, TE, EN and IT Departments for NP04/ProtoDUNE-SP. This document was prepared by the DUNE collaboration using the resources of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), a U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, HEP User Facility. Fermilab is managed by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC (FRA), acting under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. This work was supported by CNPq, FAPERJ, FAPEG and FAPESP, Brazil; CFI, IPP and NSERC, Canada; CERN; MŠMT, Czech Republic; ERDF, H2020-EU and MSCA, European Union; CNRS/IN2P3 and CEA, France; INFN, Italy; FCT, Portugal; NRF, South Korea; CAM, Fundación “La Caixa”, Junta de Andalucía-FEDER, MICINN, and Xunta de Galicia, Spain; SERI and SNSF, Switzerland; TÜBİTAK, Turkey; The Royal Society and UKRI/STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, United States of America. This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Goiás (FAPEG)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)UNSPECIFIED
Canada Foundation for InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Institute of Particle PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (Czech Republic)UNSPECIFIED
European Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)UNSPECIFIED
Marie Curie FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
La Caixa FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Junta de AndalucíaUNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MICINN)UNSPECIFIED
Xunta de GaliciaUNSPECIFIED
State Secretariat for Education and Research (Switzerland)UNSPECIFIED
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TÜBİTAK)UNSPECIFIED
UK Research and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220810-254295000
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Official Citation:Abud, A.A., Abi, B., Acciarri, R. et al. Scintillation light detection in the 6-m drift-length ProtoDUNE Dual Phase liquid argon TPC. Eur. Phys. J. C 82, 618 (2022).
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:116219
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:12 Aug 2022 00:34
Last Modified:12 Aug 2022 00:34

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