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Discovery of the First Known Asteroid Confined within the Orbit of Venus

Ip, Wing-Huen and Masci, Frank J. and Ye, Quanzhi and Kramer, Emily A. and Helou, George and Prince, Thomas A. and Kulkarni, S. R. and Dekany, Richard and Drake, Andrew and Graham, Matthew J. and Groom, Steven and Laher, Russ R. and Mahabal, Ashish A. and Rusholme, Ben (2022) Discovery of the First Known Asteroid Confined within the Orbit of Venus. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 935 (1). Art. No. L6. ISSN 2041-8205. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ac8470.

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We report on the discovery by the Zwicky Transient Facility of an asteroid orbiting entirely within the orbit of Venus, the first known example of this orbital class. The asteroid's perihelion is closer to the Sun than the aphelion of Mercury, and its diameter is estimated at about 1.8 km assuming an albedo of 0.2. The object was first observed on 2020 January 4 in four exposures obtained 7 minutes apart during an evening twilight survey. Its IAU-recognized designation is 594913 'Ayló'chaxnim.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Ip, Wing-Huen0000-0002-3140-5014
Masci, Frank J.0000-0002-8532-9395
Ye, Quanzhi0000-0002-4838-7676
Kramer, Emily A.0000-0003-0457-2519
Helou, George0000-0003-3367-3415
Prince, Thomas A.0000-0002-8850-3627
Kulkarni, S. R.0000-0001-5390-8563
Dekany, Richard0000-0002-5884-7867
Graham, Matthew J.0000-0002-3168-0139
Groom, Steven0000-0001-5668-3507
Laher, Russ R.0000-0003-2451-5482
Mahabal, Ashish A.0000-0003-2242-0244
Rusholme, Ben0000-0001-7648-4142
Additional Information:Based on observations obtained with the Samuel Oschin Telescope 48 inch and the 60 inch Telescope at the Palomar Observatory as part of the Zwicky Transient Facility project. ZTF is supported by the National Science Foundation under grant N0. AST-1440341 and a collaboration including Caltech, IPAC, the Weizmann Institute for Science, the Oskar Klein Center at Stockholm University, the University of Maryland, the University of Washington, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron and Humboldt University, Los Alamos National Laboratories, the TANGO Consortium of Taiwan, the University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratories. Operations are conducted by COO, IPAC, and UW. Following the final acceptance of this paper for publication Dr. Bryce Bolin elected to withdraw his name from the author list. We note that Dr. Bolin played a critical role in this discovery by recognizing the uniqueness of this object in the pipeline output and triggering timely follow-up. We thank him for his contributions to this paper. The development of ZMODE and ZSTREAK and the search for asteroids in ZTF data are made possible by NASA grants 80NSSC19K0780 and 80NSSC21K0659. We acknowledge Dr. Robert Hurt's significant contribution to the generation of figures. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the cultural significance that Palomar Mountain has for the Pauma Band of the Luiseño Indians, as well as the importance of the night sky to the Luiseño people. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations of the sky from this mountain.
Group:Astronomy Department, Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), Zwicky Transient Facility
Funding AgencyGrant Number
ZTF partner institutionsUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220825-833128900
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:116515
Deposited By: Melissa Ray
Deposited On:31 Aug 2022 01:41
Last Modified:31 Aug 2022 01:41

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