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Folding of a donor–acceptor polyrotaxane by using noncovalent bonding interactions

Zhang, Wenyu and Dichtel, William R. and Steig, Adam Z. and Benitez, Diego and Gimsewski, James K. and Heath, James R. and Stoddart, J. Fraser (2008) Folding of a donor–acceptor polyrotaxane by using noncovalent bonding interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105 (18). pp. 6514-6519. ISSN 0027-8424. PMCID PMC2373343. doi:10.1073/pnas.0711072105.

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Mechanically interlocked compounds, such as bistable catenanes and bistable rotaxanes, have been used to bring about actuation in nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and molecular electronic devices (MEDs). The elaboration of the structural features of such rotaxanes into macromolecular materials might allow the utilization of molecular motion to impact their bulk properties. We report here the synthesis and characterization of polymers that contain π electron-donating 1,5-dioxynaphthalene (DNP) units encircled by cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) (CBPQT4+), a π electron-accepting tetracationic cyclophane, synthesized by using the copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). The polyrotaxanes adopt a well defined “folded” secondary structure by virtue of the judicious design of two DNP-containing monomers with different binding affinities for CBPQT4+. This efficient approach to the preparation of polyrotaxanes, taken alongside the initial investigations of their chemical properties, sets the stage for the preparation of a previously undescribed class of macromolecular architectures.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription CentralArticle
Dichtel, William R.0000-0002-3635-6119
Heath, James R.0000-0001-5356-4385
Stoddart, J. Fraser0000-0003-3161-3697
Additional Information:© 2008 by the National Academy of Sciences. Edited by Jack Halpern, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, and approved February 26, 2008 (received for review November 21, 2007). Published online before print April 30, 2008, doi: 10.1073/pnas.0711072105. Generous financial support by the Semiconductor Research Corporation through its focus centers of Functional Engineered NanoArchitectonics and Materials, Structures, and Devices in addition to the MolApps Program funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is acknowledged gratefully. Author contributions: W.Z., W.R.D., A.Z.S., D.B., J.K.G., J.R.H., and J.F.S. designed research; W.Z., W.R.D., A.Z.S., and D.B. performed research; and W.Z., W.R.D., A.Z.S., D.B., J.K.G., J.R.H., and J.F.S. wrote the paper. The authors declare no conflict of interest. This article is a PNAS Direct Submission. This article contains supporting information online at
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Semiconductor Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:click chemistry; foldamers; polymers; supramolecular chemistry; rotaxanes
Issue or Number:18
PubMed Central ID:PMC2373343
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:ZHApnas08a
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:11658
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:17 Sep 2008 06:46
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 22:01

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