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Origin of the analytical ¹⁸³W effect and its implications for tungsten isotope analyses

Budde, Gerrit and Archer, Gregory J. and Tissot, François L. H. and Tappe, Sebastian and Kleine, Thorsten (2022) Origin of the analytical ¹⁸³W effect and its implications for tungsten isotope analyses. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 37 (10). pp. 2005-2021. ISSN 0267-9477. doi:10.1039/d2ja00102k.

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Mass-independent tungsten isotope variations provide critical insights into the timing and nature of processes that occurred in the early Solar System and during planetary differentiation. However, W isotope analyses are often compromised by an analytical artifact manifesting itself as an apparent deficit in ¹⁸³W, whose origin and nature have remained enigmatic. Here, by evaluating previously published high-precision W isotope data for a large and diverse set of terrestrial samples, we demonstrate that this artifact occurs independent of the type of mass spectrometer and confirm that it can be attributed to mass-independent fractionation of ¹⁸³W. Contrary to previous proposals, we find that this ‘analytical¹⁸³W effect’ cannot be explained by a nuclear field shift, but may instead reflect a magnetic isotope effect. Regardless of its exact origin, our investigation reveals that this artifact is induced during the chemical separation of W, and that the specific combination of chromatographic purification and dry-down procedure determines its overall magnitude. Within a given analytical protocol, however, its size is strongly controlled by the amount of W that is processed, where the ¹⁸³W effect increases with decreasing amount of W. Therefore, this work resolves apparent inconsistencies between previous studies regarding the occurrence and magnitude of the ¹⁸³W effect, and provides directions for its mitigation and reliable correction. This in turn is crucial for the accurate interpretation of W isotope data with respect to radiogenic and nucleosynthetic anomalies for both terrestrial and meteoritic materials.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Budde, Gerrit0000-0003-0762-779X
Archer, Gregory J.0000-0003-3076-811X
Tissot, François L. H.0000-0001-6622-2907
Tappe, Sebastian0000-0003-1224-5155
Kleine, Thorsten0000-0003-4657-5961
Additional Information:We are grateful to E. A. Schauble (UCLA) for initial discussions regarding mass-independent isotope fractionation, J. Tusch (University of Cologne) for providing additional data, as well as to R. J. Walker (University of Maryland) and A. Mundl-Petermeier (now University of Vienna) for providing the IGL W isotope solution standard. We thank several reviewers for their constructive comments on different versions of this manuscript and C. Sutton for the editorial handling. This study was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) – Project-ID 263649064 – TRR 170 (to T. K.), a Geochemistry Option Postdoctoral Fellowship by Caltech (to G. B.), and start-up funds by Caltech (to F. T.). This is TRR 170 publication no. 160.
Group:Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)263649064
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220907-386783000
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:116750
Deposited By: Olivia Warschaw
Deposited On:15 Nov 2022 23:12
Last Modified:15 Nov 2022 23:17

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