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Astrophysical Observations of a Dark Matter-Baryon Fifth Force

Gresham, Moira I. and Lee, Vincent S. H. and Zurek, Kathryn M. (2022) Astrophysical Observations of a Dark Matter-Baryon Fifth Force. . (Unpublished)

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We consider the effects of an attractive, long-range Yukawa interaction between baryons and dark matter (DM), focusing in particular on temperature and pulsar timing observations of neutron stars (NSs). We show that such a fifth force, with strength modestly stronger than gravity at ranges greater than tens of kilometers (corresponding to mediator masses less than $10^{-11} \text{eV}$), can dramatically enhance dark matter kinetic heating, capture, and pulsar timing Doppler shifts relative to gravity plus short range interactions alone. Using the coldest observed NS and pulsar timing array (PTA) data, we derive limits on fifth force strength over a DM mass range spanning light dark matter up to order solar mass composite DM objects. We also consider an indirect limit by combining bullet cluster limits on the DM self-interaction with weak equivalence principle test limits on baryonic self-interactions. We find the combined indirect limits are moderately stronger than kinetic heating and PTA limits, except when considering a DM subcomponent.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
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Zurek, Kathryn M.0000-0002-2629-337X
Additional Information:Some of this work was performed at the Aspen Center for Physics, which is supported by National Science Foundation grant PHY-1607611. MG's work was also supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 1719780. The work of VL and KZ is supported by the DoE under contract DE-SC0011632, and by a Simons Investigator award. This work is also supported by the Walker Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics
Group:Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics
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Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0011632
Simons FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, CaltechUNSPECIFIED
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Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20220922-221813472
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:117118
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:23 Sep 2022 16:07
Last Modified:02 Jun 2023 01:29

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