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Compact Michelson Interferometers with Subpicometer Sensitivity

Smetana, Jiri and Walters, Rebecca and Bauchinger, Sophie and Ubhi, Amit Singh and Cooper, Sam and Hoyland, David and Abbott, Richard and Baune, Christoph and Fritchel, Peter and Gerberding, Oliver and Köhnke, Semjon and Miao, Haixing and Rode, Sebastian and Martynov, Denis (2022) Compact Michelson Interferometers with Subpicometer Sensitivity. Physical Review Applied, 18 (3). Art. No. 034040. ISSN 2331-7019. doi:10.1103/physrevapplied.18.034040.

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The network of interferometric gravitational-wave observatories has successfully detected tens of astrophysical signals since 2015. In this paper, we experimentally investigate compact sensors that have the potential to improve the sensitivity of gravitational-wave detectors to intermediate-mass black holes. We use only commercial components, such as sensing heads and lasers, to assemble the setup and demonstrate its subpicometer precision. The setup consists of a pair of Michelson interferometers that use deep frequency modulation techniques to obtain a linear, relative displacement readout over multiple interference fringes. We implement a laser-frequency stabilization scheme to achieve a sensitivity of 0.3 pm/√Hz above 0.1 Hz. The device has also the potential to improve other experiments, such as torsion balances and commercial seismometers.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Smetana, Jiri0000-0002-7277-6671
Walters, Rebecca0000-0002-1580-2714
Ubhi, Amit Singh0000-0002-3240-6000
Cooper, Sam0000-0001-8114-3596
Abbott, Richard0000-0003-1106-1178
Fritchel, Peter0000-0003-1983-3187
Gerberding, Oliver0000-0001-7740-2698
Miao, Haixing0000-0003-2879-5821
Martynov, Denis0000-0003-0679-1344
Additional Information:We thank members of the LIGO SWG group for useful discussions and Michael Ross for his valuable feedback. The authors acknowledge the support of the Institute for Gravitational Wave Astronomy at the University of Birmingham, STFC 2018 Equipment Call ST/S002154/1, STFC “Astrophysics at the University of Birmingham” Grant No. ST/S000305/1. A.S.U. and J.S. are supported by STFC studentships 2117289 and 2116965. O.G. is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany’s Excellence Strategy — EXC 2121 "Quantum Universe" — 390833306, and by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF, Project 05A20GU5).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/S002154/1
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/S000305/1
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)2117289
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)2116965
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)390900948
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)05A20GU5
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20221003-756400000.25
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:117215
Deposited By: Melissa Ray
Deposited On:09 Oct 2022 14:28
Last Modified:09 Oct 2022 14:28

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