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The JWST Early Release Science Program for the Direct Imaging and Spectroscopy of Exoplanetary Systems

Hinkley, Sasha and Carter, Aarynn L. and Ray, Shrishmoy and Skemer, Andrew and Biller, Beth and Choquet, Élodie and Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. and Sallum, Stephanie and Miles, Brittany and Whiteford, Niall and Patapis, Polychronis and Perrin, Marshall and Pueyo, Laurent and Schneider, Glenn and Stapelfeldt, Karl R. and Wang, Jason J. and Ward-Duong, Kimberly and Bowler, Brendan P. and Boccaletti, Anthony and H. Girard, Julien and Hines, Dean and Kalas, Paul and Kammerer, Jens and Kervella, Pierre and Leisenring, Jarron and Pantin, Éric and Zhou, Yifan and Meyer, Michael and Liu, Michael C. and Bonnefoy, Mickaël and Currie, Thayne and McElwain, Michael and Metchev, Stanimir and Wyatt, Mark and Absil, Olivier and Adams, Jea and Barman, Travis and Baraffe, Isabelle and Bonavita, Mariangela and Booth, Mark and Bryan, Marta and Chauvin, Gael and Chen, Christine and Danielski, Camilla and Furio, Matthew De and Factor, Samuel M. and Fitzgerald, Michael P. and Fortney, Jonathan J. and Grady, Carol and Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. and Henning, Thomas and Hoch, Kielan K. W. and Janson, Markus and Kennedy, Grant and Kenworthy, Matthew and Kraus, Adam and Kuzuhara, Masayuki and Lagage, Pierre-Olivier and Lagrange, Anne-Marie and Launhardt, Ralf and Lazzoni, Cecilia and Lloyd, James and Marino, Sebastian and Marley, Mark and Martinez, Raquel and Marois, Christian and Matthews, Brenda and Matthews, Elisabeth C. and Mawet, Dimitri and Mazoyer, Johan and Phillips, Mark and Petrus, Simon and Quanz, Sascha P. and Quirrenbach, Andreas and Rameau, Julien and Rebollido, Isabel and Rickman, Emily and Samland, Matthias and Sargent, B. and Schlieder, Joshua E. and Sivaramakrishnan, Anand and Stone, Jordan M. and Tamura, Motohide and Tremblin, Pascal and Uyama, Taichi and Vasist, Malavika and Vigan, Arthur and Wagner, Kevin and Ygouf, Marie (2022) The JWST Early Release Science Program for the Direct Imaging and Spectroscopy of Exoplanetary Systems. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 134 (1039). Art. No. 095003. ISSN 0004-6280. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/ac77bd.

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The direct characterization of exoplanetary systems with high-contrast imaging is among the highest priorities for the broader exoplanet community. As large space missions will be necessary for detecting and characterizing exo-Earth twins, developing the techniques and technology for direct imaging of exoplanets is a driving focus for the community. For the first time, JWST will directly observe extrasolar planets at mid-infrared wavelengths beyond 5 μm, deliver detailed spectroscopy revealing much more precise chemical abundances and atmospheric conditions, and provide sensitivity to analogs of our solar system ice-giant planets at wide orbital separations, an entirely new class of exoplanet. However, in order to maximize the scientific output over the lifetime of the mission, an exquisite understanding of the instrumental performance of JWST is needed as early in the mission as possible. In this paper, we describe our 55 hr Early Release Science Program that will utilize all four JWST instruments to extend the characterization of planetary-mass companions to ∼15 μm as well as image a circumstellar disk in the mid-infrared with unprecedented sensitivity. Our program will also assess the performance of the observatory in the key modes expected to be commonly used for exoplanet direct imaging and spectroscopy, optimize data calibration and processing, and generate representative data sets that will enable a broad user base to effectively plan for general observing programs in future Cycles.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Hinkley, Sasha0000-0001-8074-2562
Carter, Aarynn L.0000-0001-5365-4815
Ray, Shrishmoy0000-0003-2259-3911
Skemer, Andrew0000-0001-6098-3924
Biller, Beth0000-0003-4614-7035
Choquet, Élodie0000-0002-9173-0740
Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A.0000-0001-6205-9233
Miles, Brittany0000-0002-5500-4602
Patapis, Polychronis0000-0001-8718-3732
Perrin, Marshall0000-0002-3191-8151
Pueyo, Laurent0000-0003-3818-408X
Schneider, Glenn0000-0002-4511-5966
Stapelfeldt, Karl R.0000-0002-2805-7338
Wang, Jason J.0000-0003-0774-6502
Ward-Duong, Kimberly0000-0002-4479-8291
Bowler, Brendan P.0000-0003-2649-2288
Boccaletti, Anthony0000-0001-9353-2724
H. Girard, Julien0000-0001-8627-0404
Hines, Dean0000-0003-4653-6161
Kalas, Paul0000-0002-6221-5360
Kammerer, Jens0000-0003-2769-0438
Kervella, Pierre0000-0003-0626-1749
Leisenring, Jarron0000-0002-0834-6140
Pantin, Éric0000-0001-6472-2844
Zhou, Yifan0000-0003-2969-6040
Meyer, Michael0000-0003-2232-7664
Liu, Michael C.0000-0003-0241-8956
Bonnefoy, Mickaël0000-0001-5579-5339
Currie, Thayne0000-0002-7405-3119
McElwain, Michael0000-0003-0241-8956
Metchev, Stanimir0000-0003-3050-8203
Wyatt, Mark0000-0001-9064-5598
Absil, Olivier0000-0002-4006-6237
Adams, Jea0000-0002-4489-3168
Barman, Travis0000-0002-7129-3002
Bonavita, Mariangela0000-0002-7520-8389
Booth, Mark0000-0001-8568-6336
Bryan, Marta0000-0002-6076-5967
Chen, Christine0000-0002-8382-0447
Danielski, Camilla0000-0002-3729-2663
Furio, Matthew De0000-0003-1863-4960
Factor, Samuel M.0000-0002-8332-8516
Fitzgerald, Michael P.0000-0002-0176-8973
Fortney, Jonathan J.0000-0002-9843-4354
Grady, Carol0000-0001-5440-1879
Greenbaum, Alexandra Z.0000-0002-7162-8036
Henning, Thomas0000-0002-1493-300X
Hoch, Kielan K. W.0000-0002-9803-8255
Janson, Markus0000-0001-8345-593X
Kennedy, Grant0000-0001-6831-7547
Kenworthy, Matthew0000-0002-7064-8270
Kraus, Adam0000-0001-9811-568X
Kuzuhara, Masayuki0000-0002-4677-9182
Marley, Mark0000-0002-5251-2943
Martinez, Raquel0000-0001-6301-896X
Marois, Christian0000-0002-4164-4182
Matthews, Brenda0000-0003-3017-9577
Matthews, Elisabeth C.0000-0003-0593-1560
Mawet, Dimitri0000-0002-8895-4735
Mazoyer, Johan0000-0002-9133-3091
Phillips, Mark0000-0003-2734-0796
Quanz, Sascha P.0000-0003-3829-7412
Quirrenbach, Andreas0000-0002-8388-6040
Rameau, Julien0000-0003-0029-0258
Rebollido, Isabel0000-0002-4388-6417
Rickman, Emily0000-0003-4203-9715
Samland, Matthias0000-0001-9992-4067
Sargent, B.0000-0001-9855-8261
Schlieder, Joshua E.0000-0001-5347-7062
Sivaramakrishnan, Anand0000-0003-1251-4124
Stone, Jordan M.0000-0003-0454-3718
Tamura, Motohide0000-0002-6510-0681
Tremblin, Pascal0000-0001-6172-3403
Uyama, Taichi0000-0002-6879-3030
Vigan, Arthur0000-0002-5902-7828
Wagner, Kevin0000-0002-4309-6343
Ygouf, Marie0000-0001-7591-2731
Additional Information:We thank the anonymous referee for numerous helpful suggestions, which significantly improved the manuscript. S. H. acknowledges the significant harm caused to members of the LGBTQIA+ community in the Department of State and NASA, while under the leadership of James Webb as Under Secretary of State and NASA Administrator, respectively. This project was supported by a grant from STScI (JWST-ERS-01386) under NASA contract NAS5-03127. supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant No.18H05442. M.B. acknowledges support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) through grant Kr 2164/13–2. K.W. acknowledges support from NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship grant HST-HF2-51472.001-A awarded by the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Incorporated, under NASA contract NAS5-26555.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)18H05442
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)Kr 2164/13-2
NASA Hubble FellowshipHST-HF2-51472.001-A
Issue or Number:1039
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20221003-756400000.31
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:117220
Deposited By: Research Services Depository
Deposited On:12 Oct 2022 23:51
Last Modified:12 Oct 2022 23:51

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