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Reversible tenfod reduction in mitochondrial DNA content of human cells treated with ethidium bromide

Wiseman, Andrew and Attardi, Giuseppe (1978) Reversible tenfod reduction in mitochondrial DNA content of human cells treated with ethidium bromide. Molecular and General Genetics MGG, 167 (1). pp. 51-63. ISSN 0026-8925. doi:10.1007/bf00270321. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20221004-680171300.15

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Abstract

Cells of the human line VA₂-B in suspension culture have been treated with very low concentrations of ethidium bromide for the purpose of reducing the amount of mitochondrial DNA (mit-DNA) per cell. Cells maintained in the presence of 5 ng/ml ethidium bromide grew at a normal rate for three days; thereafter, their doubling time gradually increased to a stable value of about 60 h. In these cells, the rate of ³H thymidine incorporation into mit-DNA decreased very rapidly to ∼60% of the normal, and remained thereafter at this level, while the amount of mit-DNA per cell stabilized around a level of 70–80% of the control. In cells long-term treated with 5 ng/ml ethidium bromide, the rate of mitochondrial protein synthesis was about 35% of the normal, and the cytochrome c oxidase activity about 50% of the control. Cells treated with 20 ng/ml of the drug underwent 3–4 cell doublings at control rates, then gradually stopped growing, and eventually died. In these cells, the rate of incorporation of ³H thymidine into mit-DNA was reduced to 50% of the control value after 10 min treatment with ethidium bromide, and became barely detectable after three cell doublings. At this time, the cells had on the average less than 10% of the control amount of mit-DNA, the rate of mitochondrial protein synthesis was reduced to 3% of the normal, and the specific activities of cytochrome c oxidase and rutamycin-sensitive ATPase were less than 20% of the control values. In spite of these marked changes, the cells exhibited only a 20–30% loss in cell viability, as estimated by cloning efficiency, after three days of exposure to the drug. Cells treated with ethidium bromide at 20 ng/ml for three days, and then transferred to drug-free medium, recovered a near-to-normal growth rate and cloning efficiency and a near-to-normal rate of synthesis and amount of mit-DNA in about five days.


Item Type:Article
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https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00270321DOIArticle
Issue or Number:1
DOI:10.1007/bf00270321
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20221004-680171300.15
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20221004-680171300.15
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:117241
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Oct 2022 23:01
Last Modified:12 Oct 2022 23:01

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