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Searching for axionlike time-dependent cosmic birefringence with data from SPT-3G

Ferguson, K. R. and Anderson, A. J. and Whitehorn, N. and Ade, P. A. R. and Archipley, M. and Avva, J. S. and Balkenhol, L. and Benabed, K. and Bender, A. N. and Benson, B. A. and Bianchini, F. and Bleem, L. E. and Bouchet, F. R. and Bryant, L. and Camphuis, E. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Cecil, T. W. and Chang, C. L. and Chaubal, P. and Chichura, P. M. and Chou, T.-L. and Crawford, T. M. and Cukierman, A. and Daley, C. and de Haan, T. and Dibert, K. R. and Dobbs, M. A. and Doussot, A. and Dutcher, D. and Everett, W. and Feng, C. and Foster, A. and Galli, S. and Gambrel, A. E. and Gardner, R. W. and Goeckner-Wald, N. and Gualtieri, R. and Guidi, F. and Guns, S. and Halverson, N. W. and Hivon, E. and Holder, G. P. and Holzapfel, W. L. and Hood, J. C. and Huang, N. and Knox, L. and Korman, M. and Kuo, C.-L. and Lee, A. T. and Lowitz, A. E. and Lu, C. and Millea, M. and Montgomery, J. and Natoli, T. and Noble, G. I. and Novosad, V. and Omori, Y. and Padin, S. and Pan, Z. and Paschos, P. and Prabhu, K. and Quan, W. and Rahlin, A. and Reichardt, C. L. and Rouble, M. and Ruhl, J. E. and Schiappucci, E. and Smecher, G. and Sobrin, J. A. and Stephen, J. and Suzuki, A. and Tandoi, C. and Thompson, K. L. and Thorne, B. and Tucker, C. and Umilta, C. and Vieira, J. D. and Wang, G. and Wu, W. L. K. and Yefremenko, V. and Young, M. R. (2022) Searching for axionlike time-dependent cosmic birefringence with data from SPT-3G. Physical Review D, 106 (4). Art. No. 042011. ISSN 2470-0010. doi:10.1103/physrevd.106.042011.

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Ultralight axionlike particles (ALPs) are compelling dark matter candidates because of their potential to resolve small-scale discrepancies between ΛCDM predictions and cosmological observations. Axion-photon coupling induces a polarization rotation in linearly polarized photons traveling through an ALP field; thus, as the local ALP dark matter field oscillates in time, distant static polarized sources will appear to oscillate with a frequency proportional to the ALP mass. We use observations of the cosmic microwave background from SPT-3G, the current receiver on the South Pole Telescope, to set upper limits on the value of the axion-photon coupling constant g_(ϕγ) over the approximate mass range 10⁻²²-10⁻¹⁹ eV, corresponding to oscillation periods from 12 hours to 100 days. For periods between 1 and 100 days (4.7 × 10⁻²² eV ≤ m_ϕ ≤ 4.7 × 10⁻²⁰ eV), where the limit is approximately constant, we set a median 95% C.L. upper limit on the amplitude of on-sky polarization rotation of 0.071 deg. Assuming that dark matter comprises a single ALP species with a local dark matter density of 0.3 GeV /cm³, this corresponds to g_(ϕγ) < 1.18 × 10⁻¹² GeV⁻¹ × ((m_ϕ)/(1.0 × 10⁻²¹ eV)). These new limits represent an improvement over the previous strongest limits set using the same effect by a factor of ∼ 3.8.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Ferguson, K. R.0000-0002-4928-8813
Anderson, A. J.0000-0002-4435-4623
Whitehorn, N.0000-0002-3157-0407
Archipley, M.0000-0002-0517-9842
Balkenhol, L.0000-0001-6899-1873
Bender, A. N.0000-0001-5868-0748
Benson, B. A.0000-0002-5108-6823
Bianchini, F.0000-0003-4847-3483
Bleem, L. E.0000-0001-7665-5079
Bouchet, F. R.0000-0002-8051-2924
Cecil, T. W.0000-0002-7019-5056
Chichura, P. M.0000-0002-5397-9035
Crawford, T. M.0000-0001-9000-5013
Daley, C.0000-0002-3760-2086
Dutcher, D.0000-0002-9962-2058
Foster, A.0000-0002-7145-1824
Gualtieri, R.0000-0003-4245-2315
Holder, G. P.0000-0002-0463-6394
Millea, M.0000-0001-7317-0551
Rahlin, A.0000-0003-3953-1776
Reichardt, C. L.0000-0003-2226-9169
Umilta, C.0000-0002-6805-6188
Wu, W. L. K.0000-0001-5411-6920
Additional Information:The South Pole Telescope program is supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) through Grants No. PLR-1248097 and No. OPP-1852617. Partial support is also provided by the NSF Physics Frontier Center Grant No. PHY-1125897 to the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Kavli Foundation, and the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation through Grant No. GBMF#947 to the University of Chicago. Argonne National Laboratory’s work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of High Energy Physics, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. Work at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, a DOE-OS, HEP User Facility managed by the Fermi Research Alliance, LLC, was supported under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359. The Cardiff authors acknowledge support from the UK Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC). The IAP authors acknowledge support from the Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES). M. A. and J. V. acknowledge support from the Center for AstroPhysical Surveys at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications in Urbana, IL. J. V. acknowledges support from the Sloan Foundation. K. F. acknowledges support from the Department of Energy Office of Science Graduate Student Research (SCGSR) Program. The Melbourne authors acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council’s Discovery Project scheme (No. DP210102386). The McGill authors acknowledge funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, and the Fonds de recherche du Québec Nature et technologies. The UCLA and MSU authors acknowledge support from NSF AST-1716965 and CSSI-1835865. This research was done using resources provided by the Open Science Grid, which is supported by the NSF Grant No. 1148698, and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. The data analysis pipeline also uses the scientific python stack.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Kavli FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation947
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-06CH11357
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilDP210102386
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR)UNSPECIFIED
Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (FRQNT)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20221020-736967400.9
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:117509
Deposited By: Research Services Depository
Deposited On:28 Oct 2022 15:14
Last Modified:28 Oct 2022 15:14

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